1887
Volume 19, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1877-9751
  • E-ISSN: 1877-976X
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The present study investigates the relation between and non-sensory domains conceptually close to it. Observing metaphorical extensions of the Italian basic temperature terms ‘hot’ and ‘cold’, individuated through a collocational analysis performed on the ItTenTen16 corpus, mental operations responsible for the association of with other domains are assessed. Interestingly, many associations are first elaborated onto and then used to map concepts onto . Although conceptual associations are primarily motivated by embodiment, in some cases they stem from a shared “vertical” image-schematic structure: and are , while is on the axis, resembling the configuration of other domains with a positive/negative orientation (e.g., ). A visual representation of the semantic network of highlights that domains associated with are mirrored in its two poles: for instance, and are associated, respectively, with and .

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/rcl.00082.cos
2021-04-28
2021-05-07
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Agbetsoamedo, Y. , & Di Garbo, F.
    (2015) Unravelling temperature terms in Sɛlɛɛ. In M. Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Ed.), Linguistics of temperature (pp.107–127). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107.04agb
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107.04agb [Google Scholar]
  2. Aikhenvald, A. Y.
    (2014) Cross-linguistic view. In A. Y. Aikhenvald & R. M. W. Dixon (Eds.), The grammar of knowledge (pp.1–51). Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701316.003.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198701316.003.0001 [Google Scholar]
  3. Ameka, F. K.
    (2015) “Hard sun, hot weather, skin pain”. In M. Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Ed.), Linguistics of temperature (pp.43–72). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107.02ame
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107.02ame [Google Scholar]
  4. Apresjan, V.
    (1997) Emotion metaphors and cross-linguistic conceptualization of emotions. Cuadernos de filología inglesa, 612, 179–195.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Atintono, S. A.
    (2015) The semantics and metaphorical extensions of temperature terms in Gurenɛ. In M. Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Ed.), Linguistics of temperature (pp.73–106). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107.03ati
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107.03ati [Google Scholar]
  6. Clausner, T. C. , & Croft, W.
    (1999) Domains and image schemas. Cognitive Linguistics, 10(1), 1–31. 10.1515/cogl.1999.001
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.1999.001 [Google Scholar]
  7. Croft, W.
    (1993) The role of domains in the interpretation of metaphors and metonymies. Cognitive Linguistics, 4, 335–370. 10.1515/cogl.1993.4.4.335
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.1993.4.4.335 [Google Scholar]
  8. Cruse, D. A. , & Togia, P.
    (1995) Towards a cognitive model of antonymy. Lexicology, 1, 113–141.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Deignan, A. , & Potter, L.
    (2004) A corpus study of metaphors and metonyms in English and Italian. Journal of Pragmatics, 36(7), 1231–1252. 10.1016/j.pragma.2003.10.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2003.10.010 [Google Scholar]
  10. Emantian, M.
    (1995) Metaphor and the expression of emotion: The value of cross-cultural perspectives. Metaphor and Symbolic Activity, 10, 163–182. 10.1207/s15327868ms1003_2
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms1003_2 [Google Scholar]
  11. Fauconnier, G.
    (1998) Mental spaces and conceptual integration. In M. Tomasello (Ed.), The new psychology of language: Cognitive and functional approaches to language structure (pp.251–279). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Fauconnier, G. , & Turner, M.
    (1996) Blending as a central process of grammar. In A. Goldberg (Ed.), Conceptual structure, discourse and language (pp.113–130). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. (2002) The way we think: Conceptual blending and the mind’s hidden complexities. New York: Basic Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Fortescue, M.
    (2001) Thoughts about thought. Cognitive Linguistics, 12(1), 15–45. 10.1515/cogl.12.1.15
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.12.1.15 [Google Scholar]
  15. Fruyt, M.
    (2013) Temperature and cognition in Latin. Revue de Linguistique Latine du Centre Alfred Ernout. De Lingua Latina, 9, 1–34.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Georgakopoulos, T., & Polis, S.
    (2018) The semantic map model: State of the art and future avenues for linguistic research. Language and Linguistics Compass, 12(2), 1–33. 10.1111/lnc3.12270
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lnc3.12270 [Google Scholar]
  17. Gibbs, R. W., Jr.
    (2007) Idioms and formulaic language. In D. Geeraerts & H. Cuyckens (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of Cognitive Linguistics (pp.697–724). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Goddard, C., & Wierzbicka, A.
    (2007) NSM analyses of the semantics of physical qualities: Sweet, hot, hard, heavy, rough, sharp in cross-linguistic perspective. Studies in Language, 34(1), 675–800. 10.1075/sl.31.4.03god
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.31.4.03god [Google Scholar]
  19. Goossens, L.
    (1995) Metaphtonymy. The interaction of metaphor and metonymy in figurative expressions for linguistic action. In L. Goossens , P. Pauwels , B. Rudzka-Ostyn , A.-M. Simon-Vandenbergen & J. Vanparys (Eds.), By word of mouth. Metaphor, metonymy and linguistic action in a cognitive perspective (pp.159–174). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/pbns.33.06goo
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.33.06goo [Google Scholar]
  20. (1998) Meaning extensions and text type. English Studies, 79, 120–43. 10.1080/00138389808599120
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00138389808599120 [Google Scholar]
  21. Grady, J. E.
    (1997) Foundations of meaning: Primary metaphors and primary scenes. Berkeley: University of California PhD Thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. (2007) Metaphor. In D. Geeraerts & H. Cuyckens (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of Cognitive Linguistics (pp.188–213). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Harris, Z.
    (1970) Distributional structure. In Z. Harris (Ed.), Papers in structural and transformational linguistics. Formal linguistics (pp.775–794). New York: Humanities Press. 10.1007/978‑94‑017‑6059‑1_36
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-017-6059-1_36 [Google Scholar]
  24. Hensel, H.
    (1981) Thermoreception and temperature regulation. London: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Johnson, M.
    (1987) The body in the mind: The bodily basis of meaning, imagination, and reason. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 10.7208/chicago/9780226177847.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226177847.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  26. Johnson, C.
    (1997) Metaphor vs. conflation in the acquisition of polysemy: The case of see . In M. K. Hiraga , C. Sinha & S. Wilcox (Eds.), Cultural, typological and psychological issues in Cognitive Linguistics (pp.155–169). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Kilgarriff, A. , Baisa, V. , Bušta, J. , Jakubíček, M. , Kovář, M. , Michelfeit, J. , Rychlý, P. , & Suchomel, V.
    (2014) The Sketch Engine: ten years on. Lexicography, 1, 7–36. 10.1007/s40607‑014‑0009‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s40607-014-0009-9 [Google Scholar]
  28. Koptjevskaja-Tamm, M.
    (Ed.) (2015) The linguistics of temperature. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107 [Google Scholar]
  29. (2015) Introducing “The linguistics of temperature”. In M. Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Ed.), The linguistics of temperature (pp.1–40). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107.01kop
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107.01kop [Google Scholar]
  30. Kövecses, Z.
    (1986) Metaphors of anger, pride and love: a lexical approach to the structure of concepts. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/pb.vii.8
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pb.vii.8 [Google Scholar]
  31. (1990) Emotion concepts. New York: Springer-Verlag. 10.1007/978‑1‑4612‑3312‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-3312-1 [Google Scholar]
  32. (1995) Anger: Its language, conceptualization, and physiology in the light of cross-cultural evidence. In J. R. Taylor & R. E. MacLaury (Eds.), Language and the cognitive construal of the world (pp.181–196). Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110809305.181
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110809305.181 [Google Scholar]
  33. (2000) Metaphor and emotion. Language, culture, and body in human feeling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. (2005) Metaphor in culture: Universality and variation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511614408
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511614408 [Google Scholar]
  35. (2007) Emotion concepts: From happiness to guilt. A cognitive semantic perspective. Research Gate, January 2007. Available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/299468588_Emotion_concepts_from_happiness_to_guilt_A_cognitive_semantic_perspective_1. Accessed: 22 March 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Kövecses, Z. , Palmer, G. B. , & Dirven, R.
    (2003) Language and emotion: The interplay of conceptualisation with physiology and culture. In R. Dirven & R. Pörings (Eds.), Metaphor and metonymy in comparison and contrast (pp.133–159). Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Lakoff, G.
    (1987) Women, fire and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. 10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  38. Lakoff, G. , Espenson, J. , & Schwartz, A.
    (1991) The master metaphor list. Technical report, University of CaliforniaatBerkeley.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Lakoff, G. , & Johnson, M.
    (1980) Metaphors we live by. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. (1999) Philosophy in the flesh. New York: Basic Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Lakoff, G. , & Kövecses, Z.
    (1987) The cognitive model of anger inherent in American English. In D. Holland & N. Quinn (Eds.), Cultural models in language and thought (pp.195–221). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511607660.009
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511607660.009 [Google Scholar]
  42. Langacker, R. W.
    (2008) Cognitive grammar: A basic introduction. New York: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  43. Lehrer, A.
    (1970) Static and dynamic elements in semantics: Hot, warm, cool, cold. Papers in Linguistics (Carbondale), 3, 349–373. 10.1080/08351817009389153
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08351817009389153 [Google Scholar]
  44. Lorenzetti, M. I.
    (2009) “That girl is hot, her dress is so cool, and I’m just chilling out now”: Emergent metaphorical usages of temperature terms in English and Italian. Paper presented at theCorpus-Based Approaches to Figurative Language Colloquium in Liverpool, UK, July 2009.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Luraghi, S.
    (2015) Asymmetries in Italian temperature terminology. In M. Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Ed.), Linguistics of temperature (pp.333–353). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107.11lur
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107.11lur [Google Scholar]
  46. Montes, M.
    (2017) Evaluación de la temperatura en el italiano escrito contemporáneo [Evaluation of temperature in written contemporary Italian]. Encuentros, 4, 9–19.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Panther, K. U. , & Radden, G.
    (Eds.) (1999) Metonymy in language and thought. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/hcp.4
    https://doi.org/10.1075/hcp.4 [Google Scholar]
  48. Parrott, W. G.
    (1995) The heart and the head: Everyday conceptions of being emotional. In J. A. Russell , J.-M. Fernández-Dols , A. S. R. Manstead & J. C. Wellenkamp (Eds.), Everyday conceptions of emotion: An introduction to the psychology, anthropology and linguistics of emotion (pp.73–84). Dordrecht: Kluwer. 10.1007/978‑94‑015‑8484‑5_4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-015-8484-5_4 [Google Scholar]
  49. Perkova, N.
    (2015) Adjectives of temperature in Latvian. In M. Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Ed.), Linguistics of temperature (pp.151–186). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107.08per
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107.08per [Google Scholar]
  50. Perrin, L.-M.
    (2015) Climate, temperature and polysemous patterns in French and Wolof. In M. Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Ed.), Linguistics of temperature (pp.151–186). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107.06per
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107.06per [Google Scholar]
  51. Pinelli, E.
    (2017) The conceptualisation of fear in Italian and Russian: Different degrees of lexicalisation of metonymies. In A. Baicchi & E. Pinelli (Eds.), Cognitive modelling in language and discourse across cultures (pp.283–297). Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Plank, F.
    (2003) Temperature talk: The basics. Paper presented at theWorkshop on Lexical Typology at the ALT conference in Cagliari, September 2003.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. (2010) Temperature talk: The basics revisited. Talk presented at theWorkshop on Temperature in Language and Cognition, Stockholm University, 19–20 March 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Radden, G.
    (2000) How metonymic are metaphors?In A. Barcelona (Ed.), Metaphor and metonymy at the crossroads (pp.93–108). Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Radden, G. , & Kövecses, Z.
    (1999) Towards a theory of metonymy. In K.-U. Panther & G. Radden (Eds.), Metonymy in language and thought (pp.17–59). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/hcp.4.03rad
    https://doi.org/10.1075/hcp.4.03rad [Google Scholar]
  56. Rohrer, T.
    (2007) Embodiment and experientialism. In D. Geeraerts & H. Cuyckens (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of Cognitive Linguistics (pp.25–47). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Roulon-Doko, P.
    (2015) Lexicalisation of temperature concepts in Gbaya (an Ubanguian language of C.A.R.). In M. Koptjevskaja-Tamm (Ed.), Linguistics of temperature (pp.128–150). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.107.05rou
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.107.05rou [Google Scholar]
  58. Ruiz de Mendoza, F.
    (2019) Understanding figures of speech: Dependency relations and organizational patterns. Language & Communication, 71, 16–38. 10.1016/j.langcom.2019.12.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2019.12.002 [Google Scholar]
  59. Sahlgren, M.
    (2006) The Word-Space Model: Using distributional analysis to represent syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations between words in high-dimensional vector spaces. Stockholm: Stockholm University PhD Thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Strik Lievers, F.
    (2015) Synaesthesia: A corpus-based study of cross-modal directionality. Functions of Language, 22(1), 69–95. 10.1075/fol.22.1.04str
    https://doi.org/10.1075/fol.22.1.04str [Google Scholar]
  61. (2017) Figures and the senses. Towards a definition of synesthesia. Review of Cognitive Linguistics15(1), 83–101. 10.1075/rcl.15.1.04str
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.15.1.04str [Google Scholar]
  62. Stubbs, M.
    (1995) Collocations and cultural connotations of common words. Linguistics and Education, 7, 379–390. 10.1016/0898‑5898(95)90011‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0898-5898(95)90011-X [Google Scholar]
  63. Sutrop, U.
    (1998) Basic temperature terms and subjective temperature scale. Lexicology, 4, 60–104.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Taylor, J. R.
    (1995)Linguistic categorization: Prototypes in linguistic theory. 2nd ed.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Turner, M.
    (2007) Conceptual integration. In D. Geeraerts & H. Cuyckens (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of Cognitive Linguistics (pp.377–393). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. Ullmann, S.
    (1957) The principles of semantics (2nd ed.) Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Violi, P.
    (2003) Le tematiche del corporeo nella Semantica Cognitiva [Bodily matters in Cognitive Semantics]. In L. Gaeta & S. Luraghi (Eds.), Introduzione alla linguistica cognitiva [Introduction to cognitive linguistics] (pp.57–76). Roma: Carocci.
    [Google Scholar]
  68. Wierzbicka, A.
    (1995) Dictionaries vs. encyclopaedias: How to draw the line. In P. W. Davis (Ed.), Alternative linguistics: Descriptive and theoretical modes (pp.289–315). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  69. Wierzbicka, A.
    (1999) Emotions across languages and cultures: Diversity and universals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511521256
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511521256 [Google Scholar]
  70. Winter, B.
    (2019) Synaesthetic metaphors are neither synaesthetic nor metaphorical. In L. J. Speed , C. O’Meara , L. San Roque & A. Majid (Eds.), Perceptual metaphor. Converging evidence in language and communication research (pp.105–126). Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/celcr.19.06win
    https://doi.org/10.1075/celcr.19.06win [Google Scholar]
  71. Zhong, C.-B. , & Leonardelli, G. J.
    (2008) Cold and lonely: Does social exclusion literally feel cold?Psychological Science, 19(9), 838–42. 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2008.02165.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2008.02165.x [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/rcl.00082.cos
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/rcl.00082.cos
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): cognitive metaphor; embodiment; image-schema; Italian; ItTenTen16; semantic network; temperature
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error