Volume 19, Issue 2
  • ISSN 1877-9751
  • E-ISSN: 1877-976X
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This paper considers from a (CG) perspective taking Classical Arabic Case Marking (CACM) as a case in point and a departure point. It is argued that the accusative case is diachronically the baseline case mark, designating the Objective Scene (OS) and demarcating an object of perception in the initial stage of maximal subjectivity in which the (G) is totally implicit. Such maximum is then attenuated through a process of such that entities are gradually put onstage to fulfill the functions of and . The nominative case, then, figures to mark such emerging entities in their baseline, immediate status. This conception of G with its functions is later extended to mark entities external to G, which gives rise to the full, nominative-marked, baseline (C) comprising (P) and (S). The (T) of a verb’s nominative case is argued to fulfill the semantic function of situating a process out of existential reality yielding (P-), which represents a basic elaboration on baseline C. Processes being extensions from perception, the accusative case attenuates to mark entities (D) that demarcate processes, implementing the semantic function of . Finally, a genitive-marked entity (RP) is proposed to implement the semantic function of anchoring and referencing the conceptions of all those facets of reality.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Arabic; case marking; cognitive grammar; existential core; language evolution
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