1887
Volume 21, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1877-9751
  • E-ISSN: 1877-976X
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This paper analyzes metaphorical conceptualizations of in the historical corpus of Classical Malay and in the corpus of present-day Indonesian, the national variety of Malay used in Indonesia. The aim is to explore the idea of diachronic salience and universal/variation in metaphorical conceptualizations between diachronic varieties of the same language. Token and type frequencies are used as measures of salience of the metaphors. Seven of the top-10 metaphors in Classical Malay with high token and type frequencies also make into the top-10 metaphors ranked by these measures in Indonesian, suggesting a relatively stable diachronic salience of the metaphoric cognitive models of in these two Malay varieties. The shared metaphors are parts of larger networks of semantic domains, namely , , , , and . The metaphors are discussed in relation to themes reported in earlier cross-cultural psychological studies of the cultural folk models of .

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/rcl.00133.raj
2023-02-14
2024-05-28
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Anggraeny, A., Yuniarti, K. W., Moordiningsih, M., & Kim, U.
    (2016) Happiness orientations among adolescents raised in urban and rural areas. Indigenous: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 13(1), 15–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bergen, B. K.
    (2012) Louder than words: The new science of how the mind makes meaning. New York, NY: Basic Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Charteris-Black, J.
    (2003) Speaking with forked tongue: A comparative study of metaphor and metonymy in English and Malay phraseology. Metaphor and Symbol, 18(4), 289–310. 10.1207/S15327868MS1804_5
    https://doi.org/10.1207/S15327868MS1804_5 [Google Scholar]
  4. Clausner, T. C., & Croft, W.
    (1997) Productivity and schematicity in metaphors. Cognitive Science, 21(3), 247–282. 10.1207/s15516709cog2103_1
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15516709cog2103_1 [Google Scholar]
  5. David, O.
    (2017) Computational approaches to metaphor: The case of MetaNet. InB. Dancygier (Ed.), The Cambridge handbook of Cognitive Linguistics, Cambridge handbooks in language and linguistics (pp.574–589). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781316339732.036
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316339732.036 [Google Scholar]
  6. Díaz-Vera, J. E.
    (Ed.) (2015) Metaphor and metonymy across time and cultures: Perspectives on the sociohistorical linguistics of figurative language. Cognitive Linguistics Research. Berlin & Boston: De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110335453
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110335453 [Google Scholar]
  7. (2019) The changing pursuit of happiness. InA. Lynch & S. Broomhall (Eds.), The Routledge history of emotions in Europe 1100–1700 (pp.371–389). London: Routledge. 10.4324/9781315190778‑30
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315190778-30 [Google Scholar]
  8. Dodge, E.
    (2016) A deep semantic corpus-based approach to metaphor analysis: A case study of metaphoric conceptualizations of poverty. Constructions & Frames, 8(2), 256–294. 10.1075/cf.8.2.05dod
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cf.8.2.05dod [Google Scholar]
  9. Fabiszak, M.
    (2001) The concept of ‘joy’ in Old and Middle English: A semantic analysis (PhD thesis). Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu, Piła.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Fabiszak, M., & Hebda, A.
    (2010) Cognitive historical approaches to emotions: Pride. InM. E. Winters, H. Tissari, & Kathryn Allan (Eds.), Historical cognitive linguistics (pp.261–297). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110226447.261
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110226447.261 [Google Scholar]
  11. Fang, L. Y.
    (2013) A history of classical Malay literature. (R. Bahari & H. Aveling, Trans.). Indonesia: Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia. 10.1355/9789814459891
    https://doi.org/10.1355/9789814459891 [Google Scholar]
  12. Gaby, A.
    (2008) Gut feelings: Locating intellect, emotion and lifeforce in the Thaayorre body. InF. Sharifian, R. Dirven, N. Yu, & S. Niemeier (Eds.), Culture, body, and language. Conceptualizations of internal body organs across cultures and languages (pp.27–44). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Gallop, A. T.
    (2013) The language of Malay manuscript art: A tribute to Ian Proudfoot and the Malay Concordance Project. International Journal of the Malay World and Civilisation (Iman), 1(3), 11–27.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Geeraerts, D., & Grondelaers, S.
    (1995) Looking back at anger: Cultural traditions and metaphorical patterns. InJ. R. Taylor & R. E. MacLaury (Eds.), Language and the cognitive construal of the world, Trends in linguistics. Studies and monographs (pp.153–179). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110809305.153
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110809305.153 [Google Scholar]
  15. Gevaert, C.
    (2007) The history of ANGER: The lexical field of ANGER from Old to Early Modern English (PhD thesis). Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Leuven.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Goddard, C.
    (2008) Contrastive semantics and cultural psychology: English heart vs. Malay hati. InF. Sharifian, R. Dirven, N. Yu, & S. Niemeier (Eds.), Culture, body, and language. Conceptualizations of internal body organs across cultures and languages (pp.75–102). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Goldhahn, D., Eckart, T., & Quasthoff, U.
    (2012) Building large monolingual dictionaries at the Leipzig Corpora Collection: From 100 to 200 languages. Proceedings of the 8th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference (LREC) 2012 (pp.759–765). Istanbul. RetrievedMarch 6, 2014, fromwww.lrec-conf.org/proceedings/lrec2012/pdf/327_Paper.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Hamka, A. S., Yuniarti, K. W., Moordiningsih, M., & Kim, U.
    (2016) Who makes adolescents happy? An explorative study using the indigenous psychology approach. Indigenous: Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi, 13(2), 19–32.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Howell, R. T., Chong, W. T., Howell, C. J., & Schwabe, K.
    (2012) Happiness and life satisfaction in Malaysia. InH. Selin & G. Davey (Eds.), Happiness Across Cultures: Views of Happiness and Quality of Life in Non-Western Cultures, Science Across Cultures: the History of Non-Western Science (Vol.61, pp.43–55). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. 10.1007/978‑94‑007‑2700‑7_4
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-2700-7_4 [Google Scholar]
  20. Jaafar, J. L., Idris, M. A., Ismuni, J., Fei, Y., Jaafar, S., Ahmad, Z., Ariff, M. R. M.
    , (2012) The Sources of Happiness to the Malaysians and Indonesians: Data from a Smaller Nation. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 651, 549–556. 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.11.164
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.11.164 [Google Scholar]
  21. Johns, A. H.
    (1990) The poems of Hamzah Fansuri. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 146(2), 325–331. 10.1163/22134379‑90003221
    https://doi.org/10.1163/22134379-90003221 [Google Scholar]
  22. Kahumburu, M.
    (2016) The externality of anger as conceptualized in Kiswahili. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 14(2), 416–441. 10.1075/rcl.14.2.06kah
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.14.2.06kah [Google Scholar]
  23. Koivisto-Alanko, P., & Tissari, H.
    (2006) Sense and sensibility: Rational thought versus emotion in metaphorical language. InA. Stefanowitsch & S. Th. Gries (Eds.), Corpus-based approaches to metaphor and metonymy (pp.191–213). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Kövecses, Z.
    (2000) Metaphor and emotion: Language, culture, and body in human feeling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. (2017) Levels of metaphor. Cognitive Linguistics, 28(2), 1–27. 10.1515/cog‑2016‑0052
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cog-2016-0052 [Google Scholar]
  26. Lakoff, G.
    (1987) Woman, fire, and dangerous things: What categories reveal about the mind. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. 10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226471013.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  27. (1993) The contemporary theory of metaphor. InA. Ortony (Ed.), Metaphor and thought (2nd ed., pp.202–251). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139173865.013
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139173865.013 [Google Scholar]
  28. Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M.
    (1980) Metaphors we live by. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. (1999) Philosophy in the flesh: The embodied mind and its challenge to Western thought. New York: Basic Books.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Lakoff, G., & Turner, M.
    (1989) More than cool reason: A field guide to poetic metaphor. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 10.7208/chicago/9780226470986.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226470986.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  31. Levshina, N.
    (2015) How to do Linguistics with R: Data exploration and statistical analysis. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/z.195
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.195 [Google Scholar]
  32. López, A. M. R.
    (2011) Distinguishing near-synonyms and translation equivalents in metaphorical terms: Crisis vs. recession in English and Spanish. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 9(1), 280–314. 10.1075/rcl.9.1.13roj
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.9.1.13roj [Google Scholar]
  33. Mischler, J. J.
    (2013) Metaphor across time and conceptual space: The interplay of embodiment and cultural models. Cognitive Linguistic Studies In Cultural Contexts. Amsterdam & Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 10.1075/clscc.3
    https://doi.org/10.1075/clscc.3 [Google Scholar]
  34. Mohd Hashim, I. H., & Mohd Zaharim, N.
    (2020) Happiness among Malaysian adolescents: The role of sociodemographic factors and everyday events. SAGE Open, 10(3), 2158244020940695. SAGE Publications. 10.1177/2158244020940695
    https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244020940695 [Google Scholar]
  35. Nguyen, V. T.
    (2017) The cross-cultural analysis of the metaphorical conceptualization of happiness in English and Vietnamese: Idioms can tell. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 14(2), 275–302. 10.1075/rcl.14.2.02ngu
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.14.2.02ngu [Google Scholar]
  36. Ogarkova, A., & Soriano, C.
    (2014) Variation within universals: The metaphorical profile approach and ANGER concepts in English, Russian, and Spanish. InA. Musolff, F. Macarthur, & G. Pagani (Eds.), Metaphor and intercultural communication (pp.93–116). London & New York: Bloomsbury Academic. 10.5040/9781472593610.ch‑005
    https://doi.org/10.5040/9781472593610.ch-005 [Google Scholar]
  37. Oster, U.
    (2010) Using corpus methodology for semantic and pragmatic analyses: What can corpora tell us about the linguistic expression of emotions?Cognitive Linguistics, 21(4), 727–763. 10.1515/cogl.2010.023
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.2010.023 [Google Scholar]
  38. (2018) Emotions in motion: Towards a corpus-based description of the diachronic evolution of anger words. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 16(1), 191–228. 10.1075/rcl.00008.ost
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.00008.ost [Google Scholar]
  39. Petruck, M. R. L.
    (2016) Introduction to MetaNet. Constructions & Frames, 8(2), 133–140. 10.1075/cf.8.2.01pet
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cf.8.2.01pet [Google Scholar]
  40. Polley, C. A.
    (2012) Metaphors for HAPPINESS in English and Mandarin Chinese (PhD thesis). University of Hawai’i, Mānoa.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Ponsonnet, M.
    (2014) Figurative and non-figurative use of body-part words in descriptions of emotions in Dalabon (Northern Australia). International Journal of Language and Culture, 1(1), 98–130. 10.1075/ijolc.1.1.06pon
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ijolc.1.1.06pon [Google Scholar]
  42. Primasari, A., & Yuniarti, K. W.
    (2012) What makes teenagers happy? An exploratory study using indigenous psychology approach. International Journal of Research Studies in Psychology, 1(2), 53–61. 10.5861/ijrsp.2012.v1i2.80
    https://doi.org/10.5861/ijrsp.2012.v1i2.80 [Google Scholar]
  43. Proudfoot, I.
    (1991) Concordances and classical Malay. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 147(1), 74–95. 10.1163/22134379‑90003200
    https://doi.org/10.1163/22134379-90003200 [Google Scholar]
  44. (2017) Malay Concordance Project. An electronic corpus of Malay texts. RetrievedMay 20, 2017, frommcp.anu.edu.au/Q/mcp.html
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Rajeg, G. P. W.
    (2014) Metaphorical profiles of five Indonesian quasi-synonyms of ANGER: Multiple distinctive collexeme analysis. Proceedings of the international congress of the linguistic society of Indonesia 2014 (pp.165–170). Presented at theKIMLI 2014, Bandar Lampung, Sumatra, Indonesia: Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia (MLI).
    [Google Scholar]
  46. (2019a, April8). Metaphorical profiles and near-synonyms: A corpus-based study of Indonesian words for happiness (PhD thesis). Monash University, Australia, Clayton, VIC.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. (2019b) Happyr: The accompanying R package for Rajeg’s (2019) PhD thesis titled ‘Metaphorical profiles and near-synonyms: A corpus-based study of Indonesian words for Happiness’. R, . RetrievedSeptember 15, 2018, fromhttps://gederajeg.github.io/happyr
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Rajeg, I. M.
    (2013) Metafora emosi Bahasa Indonesia (Disertasi doktoral). Universitas Udayana, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Ras, J. J.
    (1985) Ahmad Rijaluddin’s Hikayat Perintah Negeri Benggala. Edited and translated byC. Skinner. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff 1982 Maps, Appendices, Bibliography. Paperback. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 16(2), 341–342.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Robson, S. O.
    (2002) From Malay to Indonesian: The genesis of a national language. Working papers (Monash University. Centre of Southeast Asian Studies); 1181. Melbourne: Monash Asia Institute, Monash University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Safarnejad, F., Ho-Abdullah, I., & Awal, N. M.
    (2014) A Cognitive Study of Happiness Metaphors in Persian and English. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, International Conference on Knowledge-Innovation-Excellence: Synergy in Language Research and Practice (2013), Organized by School of Language Studies and Linguistics, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (National University of Malaysia), 1181, 110–117. 10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.02.015
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.02.015 [Google Scholar]
  52. Shaver, P. R., Murdaya, U., & Fraley, R. C.
    (2001) Structure of the Indonesian emotion lexicon. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 4(3), 201–224. 10.1111/1467‑839X.00086
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-839X.00086 [Google Scholar]
  53. Siahaan, P.
    (2008) Did he break your heart or your liver? A contrastive study on metaphorical concepts from the source domain ORGAN in English and in Indonesian. InF. Sharifian, R. Dirven, N. Yu & S. Niemeier (Eds.), Culture, body, and language. Conceptualizations of internal body organs across cultures and languages (pp.45–74). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. Sneddon, J. N., Adelaar, A., Djenar, D. N., & Ewing, M. C.
    (2010) Indonesian reference grammar (2nd ed.). Crows Nest, New South Wales, Australia: Allen & Unwin.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Soriano, C.
    (2013a) Linguistic theories of lexical meaning. InJ. R. J. Fontaine, K. R. Scherer, & C. Soriano (Eds.), Components of emotional meaning (pp.63–80). Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0005
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0005 [Google Scholar]
  56. (2013b) Conceptual Metaphor Theory and the GRID paradigm in the study of anger in English and Spanish. InJ. R. J. Fontaine, K. R. Scherer, & C. Soriano (Eds.), Components of emotional meaning (pp.410–424). Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0029
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199592746.003.0029 [Google Scholar]
  57. Stefanowitsch, A.
    (2004) HAPPINESS in English and German: A metaphorical-pattern analysis. InM. Achard & S. Kemmer (Eds.), Language, culture, and mind (pp.137–149). Stanford, CA: CSLI.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. (2006) Words and their metaphors: A corpus-based approach. InA. Stefanowitsch & S. Th. Gries (Eds.), Corpus-based approaches to metaphor and metonymy (pp.63–105). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110199895.63
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110199895.63 [Google Scholar]
  59. Stickles, E.
    (2016) The interaction of syntax and metaphor in gesture: A corpus-experimental approach (PhD thesis). University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA. RetrievedAugust 14, 2016, from.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. Sullivan, K.
    (2013) Frames and constructions in metaphoric language. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/cal.14
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cal.14 [Google Scholar]
  61. Taylor, J. R., & Mbense, T. G.
    (1998) Red dogs and rotten mealies: How Zulus talk about anger. InA. Athanasiadou & E. Tabakowska (Eds.), Speaking of emotions: Conceptualisation and expression, Cognitive linguistics research (pp.191–226). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110806007.191
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110806007.191 [Google Scholar]
  62. Tissari, H.
    (2008) Happiness and Joy in corpus contexts: A cognitive semantic analysis. InH. Tissari, A. B. Pessi & M. Salmela (Eds.), Happiness: Cognition, experience, language, COLLEGIUM: Studies across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences (pp.144–174). Helsinki: Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies. RetrievedApril 24, 2012, fromhttps://helda.helsinki.fi/bitstream/handle/10138/25771/10_Tissari_2008_3.pdf?sequence=1
    [Google Scholar]
  63. (2010) English words for emotions and their metaphors. InM. E. Winters, H. Tissari & Kathryn Allan (Eds.), Historical cognitive linguistics (pp.298–329). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110226447.298
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110226447.298 [Google Scholar]
  64. Trim, R.
    (2010) Conceptual networking theory in metaphor evolution: Diachronic variation in models of love. InM. E. Winters, H. Tissari & Kathryn Allan (Eds.), Historical cognitive linguistics (pp.223–260). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110226447.223
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110226447.223 [Google Scholar]
  65. (2011) Metaphor and the historical evolution of conceptual mapping. Hampshire, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230337053
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230337053 [Google Scholar]
  66. Türker, E.
    (2013) A corpus-based approach to emotion metaphors in Korean: A case study of anger, happiness, and sadness. Review of Cognitive Linguistics, 11(1), 73–144. 10.1075/rcl.11.1.03tur
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rcl.11.1.03tur [Google Scholar]
  67. Uchida, Y., & Kitayama, S.
    (2009) Happiness and unhappiness in east and west: Themes and variations. Emotion, 9(4), 441–456. 10.1037/a0015634
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0015634 [Google Scholar]
  68. Uchida, Y., Norasakkunkit, V., & Kitayama, S.
    (2004) Cultural constructions of happiness: Theory and emprical evidence. Journal of Happiness Studies, 5(3), 223–239. 10.1007/s10902‑004‑8785‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10902-004-8785-9 [Google Scholar]
  69. Yu, N.
    (1995) Metaphorical expressions of Anger and Happiness in English and Chinese. Metaphor & Symbolic Activity, 10(2), 59–92. 10.1207/s15327868ms1002_1
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327868ms1002_1 [Google Scholar]
  70. Yuditha, T.
    (2013, February17). Indonesian metaphorical conceptualizations of ANGER, LOVE, and HATE: An overview. Paper presented at theInternational Workshop on ‘Special Genres’ in and around Indonesia, Tokyo, Japan. RetrievedJune 23, 2015, fromrepository.tufs.ac.jp/bitstream/10108/75521/1/B130_123-142.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  71. Yuniarti, K. W.
    (2014) The conception of emotion among Indonesian and German students: An exploratory studies using cross-indigenous psychology approach (Research report). Yogyakarta – Indonesia: Faculty of Psychology, Universitas Gadjah Mada. RetrievedJuly 16, 2015, frompsikologi.ugm.ac.id/uploads/resources/File/Database%20Penelitian%20Dosen/kwarta.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/rcl.00133.raj
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/rcl.00133.raj
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error