Volume 15, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1877-9751
  • E-ISSN: 1877-976X
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes


Although the analysis of the Portuguese future subjunctive mood would contribute to a greater understanding of the general meaning of the subjunctive mood, this verb form has received considerably little attention compared to the other subjunctive forms, namely, the past and present subjunctives. The aim of the present paper is to fill this gap. Using the theoretical perspective of Cognitive Grammar, it will be shown that the Portuguese future subjunctive shares many characteristic features with other tenses of the subjunctive mood. In particular, the analysis shows that the Portuguese future subjunctive can be explained by the concept of . Thus, the present paper provides a conceptually grounded and unified explanation for the meaning of the Portuguese subjunctive mood.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


  1. Achard, M.
    (1998) Representation of cognitive structures: Syntax and semantics of French sentential complements. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110805956
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110805956 [Google Scholar]
  2. Bechara, E.
    (1999) Moderna gramática portuguesa [Modern Portuguese grammar]. Rio de Janeiro: Editora Lucerna.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bustos, E.
    (1986) Pragmática del español: Negociación, cuantificación y modo [Spanish Pragmatics: Negotiation, quantification and mood]. Madrid: UNED.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Comrie, B. , & Holmback, H.
    (1984) The future subjunctive in Portuguese: A problem in semantic theory. Lingua, 63, 213–253. doi: 10.1016/0024‑3841(84)90034‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-3841(84)90034-2 [Google Scholar]
  5. Cunha, C. , & Cintra, L.
    (1984) Nova gramática do português contemporáneo [New grammar of contemporary Portuguese]. Lisbon: Edições João Sá da Costa.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Geeraerts, D.
    (2006) Introduction. A rough guide to cognitive linguistics. In D. Geeraerts (Ed.), Cognitive linguistics: Basic readings (pp.1–28). Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110199901.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110199901.1 [Google Scholar]
  7. Guitart, J. M.
    (1991) The pragmatics of Spanish mood in complements of knowledge and acquisition-of-knowledge predicates. In S. Fleischman & L. R. Waugh (Eds.), Discourse-pragmatics and the verb (pp.179–193). London/New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Haverkate, H.
    (2002) The syntax, semantics and pragmatics of Spanish mood. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/pbns.96
    https://doi.org/10.1075/pbns.96 [Google Scholar]
  9. Langacker, R. W.
    (1987) Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol. 1: Theoretical prerequisites. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. (1991) Foundations of cognitive grammar, Vol. 2: Descriptive application. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. (1993) Reference-point constructions. Cognitive Linguistics, 4(1), 1–38. doi: 10.1515/cogl.1993.4.1.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cogl.1993.4.1.1 [Google Scholar]
  12. (2008) Cognitive grammar: A basic introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press. doi: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195331967.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  13. (2009) Investigations in cognitive grammar. Berlin/New York: Mouton de Gruyter doi: 10.1515/9783110214369
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110214369 [Google Scholar]
  14. Lunn, P. V.
    (1989) Spanish mood and the prototype of assertability. Linguistics, 27, 687–702. doi: 10.1515/ling.1989.27.4.687
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.1989.27.4.687 [Google Scholar]
  15. Maldonado, R.
    (1995) Middle-subjunctive links. In P. Hamispour , R. Maldonado , & M. Van Naerssen (Eds.), Studies in language learning and Spanish linguistics in honor of Tracy D. Terrell (pp.399–418). New York: McGraw Hill.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Marques, R.
    (2009) On the selection of mood in complement clauses. In L. Hogeweg , H. de Hoop , & A. Malchukov (Eds.), Cross-linguistic semantics of tense, aspect and modality (pp.179–204). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/la.148.08mar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.148.08mar [Google Scholar]
  17. (2010) Modality, context change potential and mood selection in European Portuguese. In M. G. Becker & E-M. Remberger (Eds.), Modality and mood in Romance: Modal interpretation, mood selection, and mood alternation (pp.133–162). Berlin/New York: De Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Mejías-Bikandi, E.
    (1994) Assertion and speaker’s intention: A pragmatically based account of mood in Spanish. Hispania, 77(4), 892–902. doi: 10.2307/345752
    https://doi.org/10.2307/345752 [Google Scholar]
  19. (1995) Presupposition inheritance and mood in Spanish. In P. Hamispour , R. Maldonado , & M. Van Naerssen (Eds.), Studies in language learning and Spanish linguistics in honor of Tracy D. Terrell (pp.375–384). New York: McGraw Hill.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Mejías-Bikandi, E. (1998) Presupposition and old information in the use of the subjunctive mood in Spanish. Hispania, 81(4), 941–948. doi: 10.2307/345807
    https://doi.org/10.2307/345807 [Google Scholar]
  21. Mira Mateus, M. H. , Brito, A. M. , Duarte, I. , & Hub Faria, I.
    (2003) Gramática da língua portuguesa [Grammar of the Portuguese Language]. Lisbon: Caminho.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Palmer, F. R.
    (2001) Mood and modality (2nd edition). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139167178
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139167178 [Google Scholar]
  23. Perini, M. A.
    (1978) Sintaxe e semântica do futuro do subjuntivo [Syntax and semantics of the future subjunctive]. In Y. Goulart Liberato & M. A. Perini (Eds.), Ensaios de lingüística 1: Cadernos de lingüística e teoria da literatura (pp.20–43). Belo Horizonte: Faculdade de Letras da UFMG, Centor de Extensão.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Reichenbach, H.
    (1947) Elements of symbolic logic. New York: Free Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Suñer, M. , & Padilla Rivera, J.
    (1987) Sequence of tenses and the subjunctive again. Hispania, 70(3), 634–642. doi: 10.2307/343448
    https://doi.org/10.2307/343448 [Google Scholar]
  26. Terrell, T.
    (1995) Assertion and presupposition in Spanish complements. In P. Hamispour , R. Maldonado , & M. Van Naerssen (Eds.), Studies in language learning and Spanish linguistics in honor of Tracy D. Terrell (pp.342–360). New York: McGraw Hill.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Terrell, T. , & Hooper, J.
    (1974) A semantically based analysis of mood in Spanish. Hispania, 57(3), 484–494. doi: 10.2307/339187
    https://doi.org/10.2307/339187 [Google Scholar]
  28. Vesterinen, R.
    (2010) Uma aproximação cognitiva ao modo conjuntivo [A cognitive approach to the subjunctive mood]. Revista Portuguesa de Humanidades: Estudos Linguísticos, 14(1), 151–174.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. (2012) O modo verbal em expressões impessoais com o verbo “ser” [The verbal mood in impersonal expressions with the verb “to be”]. Revue Romane, 47(1), 76–97. doi: 10.1075/rro.47.1.04ves
    https://doi.org/10.1075/rro.47.1.04ves [Google Scholar]
  30. (2013) Finalidade e domínio: A forma verbal nas orações finais introduzidas por “para” [Purpose and dominion: The verbal form in purpose clauses introduced by “para”]. Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics, 6(2), 351–375. doi: 10.1515/shll‑2013‑1154
    https://doi.org/10.1515/shll-2013-1154 [Google Scholar]
  31. (2014a) Impersonals with “ser” (‘to be’) and the dominion of effective control. Language Sciences, 41, 143–152. doi: 10.1016/j.langsci.2013.08.014
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langsci.2013.08.014 [Google Scholar]
  32. (2014b) Extending the dominion of effective control: Its applicability to mood choice in Spanish and Portuguese. Cognitive Linguistics, 25(4), 583–616. doi: 10.1515/cog‑2014‑0059
    https://doi.org/10.1515/cog-2014-0059 [Google Scholar]
  33. (2016) Mood alternation in Spanish conditional clauses: Condition, cause and the dominion hypothesis. Journal of Linguistics, 52(1), 175–193. doi: 10.1017/S0022226714000590
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226714000590 [Google Scholar]
  34. Vesterinen, R. , & Bylund, M.
    (2013) Towards a unified account of the Spanish subjunctive mood: Epistemic dominion and dominion of effective control. Lingua, 131, 179–198. doi: 10.1016/j.lingua.2013.03.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2013.03.001 [Google Scholar]

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Cognitive Grammar; dominion; future subjunctive mood; Portuguese
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error