1887
Volume 31, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0213-2028
  • E-ISSN: 2254-6774
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Resumen

El presente estudio investiga la posibilidad de que exista relación entre la edad de inicio de adquisición de una L2 y el nivel de competencia fonológica alcanzado en inmigrantes francófonos residentes en España que aprenden español como L2. Los participantes fueron 20 aprendices francófonos de español con diferentes edades de inicio de adquisición y 6 nativos como grupo de control. Se evaluó el grado de acento extranjero en la pronunciación de los informantes a través de un panel de jueces nativos. Para el análisis de los resultados, los informantes fueron clasificados en dos grupos en función de su edad de inicio de adquisición. El análisis de los datos obtenidos muestra la existencia de una relación entre la edad de inicio de adquisición de la L2 y el nivel de competencia fonológica alcanzado. Sin embargo, el análisis de los resultados revela también la existencia de un aprendiz tardío que presentó un nivel de competencia fonológica similar al nativo, sugiriendo que es posible para los aprendices francófonos tardíos alcanzar un nivel de dominio de la pronunciación del español similar al nativo. Los resultados del estudio no son consistentes con la hipótesis de que las diferencias entre niños y adultos en la adquisición de la pronunciación de la L2 se deben a la superación de un periodo crítico (Abrahamsson, 2012Asher y García, 1969Granena y Long, 2012Oyama, 1976).

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/resla.17023.pla
2018-12-27
2019-10-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Abrahamsson, N.
    (2012) Age of onset and nativelike L2 ultimate attainment in morphosyntactic and phonetic intuition. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 34, 187–214. 10.1017/S0272263112000022
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263112000022 [Google Scholar]
  2. Abrahamsson, N. y Hyltenstam, K.
    (2009) Age of onset and nativelikeness in a second language: Perception versus linguistic scrutiny. Language Learning, 59(2), 249–306. 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2009.00507.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2009.00507.x [Google Scholar]
  3. Anderson-Hsieh, J. y Köhler, K.
    (1988) The effect of foreign accent and speaking rate on native speaker comprehension. Language Learning, 38, 561–593. 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1988.tb00167.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1988.tb00167.x [Google Scholar]
  4. Asher, J. T. y García, R.
    (1969) The optimal age to learn a foreign language. The Modern Language Journal, 53(5), 334–341. 10.1111/j.1540‑4781.1969.tb04603.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.1969.tb04603.x [Google Scholar]
  5. Bialystok, E.
    (1997) The structure of age: in search of barriers to second language acquisition. Second Language Research, 13(2), 116–137. 10.1191/026765897677670241
    https://doi.org/10.1191/026765897677670241 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bialystok, E., Majumder, S. y Martin, M. M.
    (2003) Developing phonological awareness: Is there a bilingual advantage?Applied Psycholinguistics, 24(1), 27–44. 10.1017/S014271640300002X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S014271640300002X [Google Scholar]
  7. Birdsong, D.
    (2005) Interpreting age effects in second language acquisition. EnJ. Kroll y A. De Groot (Eds.), Handbook of bilingualism: Psycholinguistic perspectives (pp.109–127). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. (2007) Nativelike pronunciation among late learners of French as a second language. EnO. -S. Bohn y M. Munro (Eds.), Language experience in second language speech learning (pp.99–116). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/lllt.17.12bir
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lllt.17.12bir [Google Scholar]
  9. Birdsong, D. y Molis, M.
    (2001) On the evidence for maturational constraints in second language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language, 44, 235–249. 10.1006/jmla.2000.2750
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jmla.2000.2750 [Google Scholar]
  10. Blanco Canales, A. y Nogueroles López, M. F.
    (2013) Descripción y categorización de errores fónicos en estudiantes de español/L2. Validación de la taxonomía de errores AACFELE. Logos. Revista de Lingüística, Filosofía y Literatura, 23(2), 196–225.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Bongaerts, T.
    (1999), Ultimate attainment in L2 pronunciation: The case of very late advanced late L2 learners. EnD. Birdsong (Ed.), Second language acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis (pp.133–159). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. (2003) Effects de l’âge sur l’acquisition de la prononciation d’une seconde langue. Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère, [en línea] 18. Disponible en línea a través de: revues.org website aile.revues.org/1154 [Consultado16 de febrero de 2017].
  13. Bongaerts, T., Mennen, S. y van der Slik, F.
    (2000) Authenticity of pronunciation in naturalistic second language acquisition: The case of very advanced late learners of Dutch as a second language. Studia Linguistica, 54(2), 298–308. 10.1111/1467‑9582.00069
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9582.00069 [Google Scholar]
  14. Bongaerts, T., Planken, B. y Schils, E.
    (1995) Can late learners attain a native accent in a foreign language? A test of the critical period hypothesis. EnD. Singleton y Z. Lengyel, (Eds). The age factor in second language acquisition: A critical look at the critical period hypothesis (pp.30–50). London: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Bongaerts, T., van Summeren, C., Planken, B. y Schils, E.
    (1997) Age and ultimate attainment in the pronunciation of a foreign language. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 19, 447–465. 10.1017/S0272263197004026
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263197004026 [Google Scholar]
  16. Bornstein, M.
    (1989) Sensitive periods in development: structural characteristics and causal interpretations. Psychological Bulletin, 105(2), 179–197. 10.1037/0033‑2909.105.2.179
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.105.2.179 [Google Scholar]
  17. Colombo, J.
    (1982) The critical period concept: Research, methodology, and theoretical issues. Psychological Bulletin, 91(2), 260–75. 10.1037/0033‑2909.91.2.260
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.91.2.260 [Google Scholar]
  18. DeKeyser, R. M.
    (2013) Age effects in second language learning: Stepping stones toward better understanding. Language Learning, 63(1), 52–67. 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2012.00737.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2012.00737.x [Google Scholar]
  19. Diller, K.
    (1981) Natural methods of foreign language teaching: can they exist? What criteria must we meet?Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 379, 75–86. doi:  10.1111/j.1749‑6632.1981.tb41999.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-6632.1981.tb41999.x [Google Scholar]
  20. Flege, J. E.
    (1988) Factors affecting degree of perceived foreign in English sentences. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 84, 70–79. 10.1121/1.396876
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.396876 [Google Scholar]
  21. (1999) Age of learning and second-language speech. EnD. Birdsong (Ed.), Second language acquisition and the Critical Period Hypothesis (pp.101–132). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. (2009) Give input a chance!EnT. Piske y M. Young-Sholten, (Eds.), Input matters in SLA (pp.175–190). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Flege, J. E., Birdsong, D., Bialystok, E., Mack, M., Sung, H. y Tsukada, K.
    (2005) Degree of foreign accent in English sentences produced by Korean children and adults. Journal of Phonetics, 33, 263–290.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Flege, J. E. y Fletcher, K. L.
    (1992) Talker and listener effects on degree of perceived foreign accent. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 91, 370–389. 10.1121/1.402780
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.402780 [Google Scholar]
  25. Flege, J. E., Munro, M. J. y MacKay, I. R. A.
    (1995) Factors affecting strength of perceived foreign accent in a second language. Journal of Acoustical Society of America, 87(5), 3125–3134. 10.1121/1.413041
    https://doi.org/10.1121/1.413041 [Google Scholar]
  26. Flege, J. E., Yeni-Komshian, G. H. y Liu, S.
    (1999) Age constraints on second language acquisition. Journal of Memory and Language, 41, 78–104. 10.1006/jmla.1999.2638
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jmla.1999.2638 [Google Scholar]
  27. Granena, G. y Long, M.
    (2012) Age of onset, length of residence, language aptitude, and ultimate L2 attainment in three linguistic domains. Second Language Research, 29(3), 311–343. 10.1177/0267658312461497
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0267658312461497 [Google Scholar]
  28. Granfeldt-Saavedra, P.
    (2007) Adquisición de vocabulario y pronunciación en L1 y L2. Estudio comparativo de los factores edad e input en el castellano de suecos bilingües. EnJ. Granfeldt, (Ed.), Studies in Romance bilingual acquisition: Age of onset and development of French and Spanish (pp.43–89). Lund: Lund University.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Hakuta, K., Bialystok, E. y Wiley, E.
    (2003) Critical evidence: A test of the critical- period hypothesis for second-language acquisition. Psychological Science, 14(1), 31–38. 10.1111/1467‑9280.01415
    https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9280.01415 [Google Scholar]
  30. Hyltenstam, K. y Abrahamsson, N.
    (2003) Âge de l’exposition initiale et niveau terminal chez des locuteurs quasi-natifs du suédois L2. Acquisition et interaction en langue étrangère, [en línea] 18. Disponible en línea a través de: revues.org website aile.revues.org/1154 [Consultado17 de enero de 2017].
  31. Ioup, G.
    (2008) Exploring the role of age in the acquisition of second language phonology. EnJ. G. Hansen Edwards, y M. L. Zampini, (Eds.), Phonology and second language acquisition (pp.41–62). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/sibil.36.04iou
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.36.04iou [Google Scholar]
  32. Ioup, G., Boustagi, E., El Tigi, M. y Moselle, M.
    (1994) Re-examining the critical period hypothesis: A case study of successful adult SLA in a naturalistic environment, Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 16, 73–98. 10.1017/S0272263100012596
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263100012596 [Google Scholar]
  33. Jesney, K.
    (2004) The use of global foreign accent rating in studies of L2 acquisition. Calgary, AB: Language Research Centre, University of Calgary.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Lenneberg, E.
    (1967) Biological foundations of Language. New York: Wiley. 10.1080/21548331.1967.11707799
    https://doi.org/10.1080/21548331.1967.11707799 [Google Scholar]
  35. Long, M.
    (1990) Maturational constraints on language development. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21, 81–108.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. (2005) Problems with supposed counter-evidence to the Critical Period Hypothesis. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 43, 287–317. 10.1515/iral.2005.43.4.287
    https://doi.org/10.1515/iral.2005.43.4.287 [Google Scholar]
  37. Marinova-Todd, S. H., Marshall, D. B. y Snow, C. E.
    (2000) Three misconceptions about age and L2 learning. TESOL Quarterly, 34(1), 9–34. 10.2307/3588095
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3588095 [Google Scholar]
  38. Moyer, A.
    (1999) Ultimate attainment in L2 phonology. The critical factors of age, motivation and Instruction. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 21, 81–108. 10.1017/S0272263199001035
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263199001035 [Google Scholar]
  39. (2009) Input as a critical means to an end: Quantity and quality of experience in L2 phonologycal attainment. EnT. Piske, y M. Young-Sholten, (Eds.), Input matters in SLA. (pp.159–174). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. (2012) Foreign accent: The phenomenon of non-native speech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. (2013) Foreign Accent: The Phenomenon of Non-native Speech. New York: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511794407
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511794407 [Google Scholar]
  42. (2014a) Exceptional outcomes in L2 phonology: The critical factors of learner engagement and self-regulation. Applied Linguistics, 35(4), 418–440. 10.1093/applin/amu012
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amu012 [Google Scholar]
  43. (2014b) What’s age got to do with it? Accounting for individual factors in second language accent. Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 4(3), 443–464. 10.14746/ssllt.2014.4.3.4
    https://doi.org/10.14746/ssllt.2014.4.3.4 [Google Scholar]
  44. Munro, M. J. y Mann, V.
    (2005) Age of immersion as a predictor of foreign accent. Applied Psycholinguistics, 26, 311–341. 10.1017/S0142716405050198
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0142716405050198 [Google Scholar]
  45. Muñoz, C.
    (2008a) Age-related differences in foreign language learning. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 46(3), 197–220. 10.1515/IRAL.2008.009
    https://doi.org/10.1515/IRAL.2008.009 [Google Scholar]
  46. (2008b) Symmetries and asymmetries of age effects in naturalistic and instructed L2 learning. Applied Linguistics, 29(4), 578–596. doi:  10.1093/applin/amm056
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amm056 [Google Scholar]
  47. (2011) Input and long-term effects of starting age in foreign language learning. International Review of Applied Linguistics, 49, 113–133. doi:  10.1515/iral.2011.006
    https://doi.org/10.1515/iral.2011.006 [Google Scholar]
  48. (2014a) Contrasting effects of starting age and input on the oral performance of foreign language learners. Applied Linguistics, 35(4), 463–482. 10.1093/applin/amu024
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amu024 [Google Scholar]
  49. (2014b) Starting age and other influential factors: insights from learner interviews. Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 4(3), 465–484. doi:  10.14746/ssllt.2014.4.3.5
    https://doi.org/10.14746/ssllt.2014.4.3.5 [Google Scholar]
  50. Nagle, C.
    (2013) A Reexamination of ultimate attainment in L2 phonology: Length of immersion, motivation, and phonological short-term Memory. EnE. Voss, S. D. Tai y Z. Li (Eds.), Selected Proceedings of the 2011 Second Language Research Forum (pp.148–161). Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Ortega, L.
    (2009) Understanding second language acquisition. Londres: Hodder Education.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Oyama, S.
    (1976) A sensitive period for the acquisition of a nonnative phonological system. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 5(3), 261–283. 10.1007/BF01067377
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01067377 [Google Scholar]
  53. Patkowski, M.
    (1990) Age and accent in a second language: A reply to James Emil Flege. Applied Linguistics, 11, 73–89. 10.1093/applin/11.1.73
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/11.1.73 [Google Scholar]
  54. Penfield, W. y Roberts, L.
    (1959) Speech and Brain Mechanisms. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Pérez Solas
    Pérez Solas (2006) Características fonéticas de los francófonos que aprenden español. Biblioteca Phonica, 3. [Disponible en línea: www.ub.es/lfa].
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Piske, T., MacKay, I. R. A. y Flege, J. E.
    (2001) Factors affecting degree of foreign accent in an L2: A review. Journal of Phonetics, 29, 191–215. 10.1006/jpho.2001.0134
    https://doi.org/10.1006/jpho.2001.0134 [Google Scholar]
  57. Planelles, M. y Doquin de Saint Preux, A.
    (2017) La selección de jueces nativos para la evaluación del acento extranjero en aprendices francófonos de español L2. E-Aesla, 3, 52–70.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Purcell, E. y Suter, R.
    (1980) Predictors of pronunciation accuracy: A reexamination. Language Learning, 30(2), 271–287. 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1980.tb00319.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1980.tb00319.x [Google Scholar]
  59. Recaj Navarro, F.
    (2008) Factores que influyen en el acento extranjero: estudio aplicado a aprendices estadounidenses de español. Tesis Doctoral, Facultad de Filología, Departamento de Lengua Española, Universidad de Salamanca, España.
  60. Saito, K.
    (2015) The role of age of acquisition in late second language oral proficiency attainment. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 37, 713–743. 10.1017/S0272263115000248
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263115000248 [Google Scholar]
  61. Schmid, M. S. y Hopp, H.
    (2014) Comparing foreign accent in L1 attrition and L2 acquisition: Range and rater effects. Language Testing, 31(3), 367–388. 10.1177/0265532214526175
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0265532214526175 [Google Scholar]
  62. Scovel, T.
    (1988) A time to speak: a psycholinguistic inquiry into the critical period for human speech. New York: Newbury House/Harper & Row.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. (2000) A critical review of the critical period research. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 20, 213–223. 10.1017/S0267190500200135
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0267190500200135 [Google Scholar]
  64. Seliger, H., Krashen, S. y Ladefoged, P.
    (1975) Maturational constraints in the acquisition of second language accent. Language Sciences, 36, 20–22.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. Singleton, D.
    (2003) Critical period or general age factor(s)?EnM. P. García Mayo y M. L. García Lecumberri, (Eds.), Age and the acquisition of English as a foreign language (pp.3–22). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781853596407‑002
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781853596407-002 [Google Scholar]
  66. (2005) The critical period hypothesis: A coat of many colours. International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 43, 269–285. 10.1515/iral.2005.43.4.269
    https://doi.org/10.1515/iral.2005.43.4.269 [Google Scholar]
  67. Slevc, L. R. y Miyake, A.
    (2006) Individual differences in Second-Language Proficiency. Does musical ability matter?Psychological Science, 17(8), 675–681. 10.1111/j.1467‑9280.2006.01765.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01765.x [Google Scholar]
  68. Suter, R.
    (1976) Predictors of pronunciation accuracy in second language learning. Language Learning, 26(2), 233–253. 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1976.tb00275.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1976.tb00275.x [Google Scholar]
  69. Tahta, S., Wood, M. y Loewenthal, K.
    (1981) Foreign accents: Factors relating to transfer of accent from the first language to a second language. Language and Speech, 24(3), 265–272. 10.1177/002383098102400306
    https://doi.org/10.1177/002383098102400306 [Google Scholar]
  70. Thompson, I.
    (1991) Foreign accents revisited: The English pronunciation of Russian immigrants. Language Learning, 41(2), 177–204. 10.1111/j.1467‑1770.1991.tb00683.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-1770.1991.tb00683.x [Google Scholar]
  71. Uzal, M., Peltonen, T., Huotilainen, M., y Aaltonen, O.
    (2015) Degree of perceived accent in Finnish as a second language for Turkish children born in Finland. Language Learning, 65, 477–503. 10.1111/lang.12126
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lang.12126 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/resla.17023.pla
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/resla.17023.pla
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error