1887
Volume 33, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0213-2028
  • E-ISSN: 2254-6774
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This article deals with two theoretical aspects of lexical derivation, productivity and graduality. After a discussion of transparency and opaqueness in Old English word-formation, it focuses on lexical productivity and puts forward a typology of recursive phenomena. On the basis of this typology, the morphological template of the Layered Structure of the Word is revised. The main conclusion is that a more diachronically oriented analysis is likely to opt for a decompositional template, whereas a more synchronically directed study which seeks typological validity will probably favour the template with one functional slot. If the focus is on diachronic linguistics, a template based on minimal constituent analysis can guarantee a detailed description of the derivational steps of the word, including non-affixal derivation and semantically opaque affixes.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/resla.17058.urr
2020-08-21
2020-09-26
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Brinton, L.
    (1988) The Development of English Aspectual Systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Brinton, L., & Closs Traugott, E.
    (2005) Lexicalisation and language change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511615962
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511615962 [Google Scholar]
  3. Cortés Rodríguez, F.
    (2006) Derivational Morphology in Role and Reference Grammar: a new proposal. Revista Española de Lingüística Aplicada, 19, 41–66.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Cortés Rodríguez, F., & Sosa Acevedo, E.
    (2008) The morphology-semantics interface in word formation. Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses, 57, 91–108.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. de la Cruz, J.
    (1975) Old English pure prefixes: Structure and function. Linguistics, 13(145), 47–82. 10.1515/ling.1975.13.145.47
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.1975.13.145.47 [Google Scholar]
  6. Dietz, K.
    (2007) Denominale Abstraktbildungen des Altenglischen: Die Wortbildung der Abstrakta auf -dōm, -hād, -lāc, -rǣden, -sceaft, -stæf und -wist und ihrer Entsprechungen im Althochdeutschen und im Altnordischen. NOWELE-North Western European Language Evolution. Supplement volume, 23, 97–172.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. (2010) Die altenglischen Präfixbildungen. Anglia. Zeitschrift für Englische Philologie, 128(3), 561–613.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Jensen, J.
    (1913) Die I. und II. Ablautsreihe in der ae. Worbildung. Kiel: H. Fiencke.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Heidermanns, F.
    (1993) Etymologisches Wörterbuch der germanischen Primäradjektive. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110871616
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110871616 [Google Scholar]
  10. Hiltunen, R.
    (1983) The decline of the prefixes and the beginnings of the English phrasal verb. Turku: Tutun Yliopisto.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Horgan, D.
    (1980) Patterns of variation and interchangeability in some Old English prefixes. Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 81(2), 127–130.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Kastovsky, D.
    (1968) Old English Deverbal Substantives Derived by means of aZero Morpheme. PhD Dissertation. Tübingen: Eberhard-Karls-Universität.
  13. (1992) Semantics and vocabulary. InR. Hogg (Ed.), The Cambridge history of the English language I: The beginnings to 1066 (pp.290–408). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CHOL9780521264747.006
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521264747.006 [Google Scholar]
  14. Martín Arista, J.
    (2008) Unification and separation in a functional theory of morphology. InR. Van Valin (Ed.), Investigations of the Syntax-Semantics-Pragmatics Interface (pp.119–145). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/slcs.105.12mar
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.105.12mar [Google Scholar]
  15. (2009) A Typology of Morphological Constructions. InC. Butler & J. Martín Arista (Eds.), Deconstructing Constructions (pp.85–115). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/slcs.107.06aty
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.107.06aty [Google Scholar]
  16. (2011a) Projections and Constructions in Functional Morphology. The Case of Old English HRĒOW. Language and Linguistics, 12(2), 393–425.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. (2011b) Adjective formation and lexical layers in Old English. English Studies, 92(3), 323–344. 10.1080/0013838X.2011.564776
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0013838X.2011.564776 [Google Scholar]
  18. (2012) The Old English Prefix Ge-: A Panchronic Reappraisal. Australian Journal of Linguistics, 32(4), 411–433. 10.1080/07268602.2012.744264
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07268602.2012.744264 [Google Scholar]
  19. (2013) Recursivity, Derivational Depth and the Search for Old English Lexical Primes. Studia Neophilologica, 85(1), 1–21. 10.1080/00393274.2013.771829
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00393274.2013.771829 [Google Scholar]
  20. (2014) Noun layers in Old English. Asymmetry and mismatches in lexical derivation. Nordic Journal of English Studies, 13(3), 160–187. 10.35360/njes.324
    https://doi.org/10.35360/njes.324 [Google Scholar]
  21. (2017) El paradigma derivativo del inglés antiguo: alternancias, recursividad y desajustes de la derivación basada en verbos fuertes. Onomazeín, 37(5), 144–169. 10.7764/onomazein.37.05
    https://doi.org/10.7764/onomazein.37.05 [Google Scholar]
  22. (2018) The semantic poles of Old English: Toward the 3D representation of complex polysemy. Digital Scholarship in the Humanities, 33(1), 96–111. 10.1093/llc/fqx004
    https://doi.org/10.1093/llc/fqx004 [Google Scholar]
  23. Martín Arista, J., & Cortés Rodríguez, F.
    (2014) From directionals to telics: meaning construction, word-formation and grammaticalisation in Role and Reference Grammar. InM. A. Gómez González, F. Ruiz de Mendoza Ibáñez & F. Gonzálvez García (Eds.), Theory and Practice in Functional-Cognitive Space (pp.229–250). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Martín Arista, J., & Vea Escarza, R.
    (2016) Assessing the semantic transparency of Old English affixation: adjective and noun formation. English Studies, 97, 61–77. 10.1080/0013838X.2015.1090742
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0013838X.2015.1090742 [Google Scholar]
  25. Mateo Mendaza, R.
    (2012) The Old English adjectival suffixes -cund and -isc: textual occurrences and productivity. ES-Revista de Filología Inglesa, 33, 197–213.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. (2014) The Old English adjectival affixes ful- and –ful: a text-based account on productivity. NOWELE-North-Western European Language Evolution, 67(1), 77–94. 10.1075/nowele.67.1.04men
    https://doi.org/10.1075/nowele.67.1.04men [Google Scholar]
  27. (2015) Matching productivity indexes and diachronic evolution. The Old English affixes ful-, -isc, -cund and -ful. Canadian Journal of Linguistics, 60(1), 1–24. 10.1017/S0008413100000517
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0008413100000517 [Google Scholar]
  28. Novo Urraca, C.
    (2016a) Old English Suffixation: Content and Transposition. English Studies97, 638–655. 10.1080/0013838X.2016.1183955
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0013838X.2016.1183955 [Google Scholar]
  29. (2016b) Morphological relatedness and the typology of adjectival formation in Old English. Studia Neophilologica, 88(1), 43–55. 10.1080/00393274.2016.1150788
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00393274.2016.1150788 [Google Scholar]
  30. (2017) The types and categories of Old English recursive compounding. Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas, 12, 77–86. 10.4995/rlyla.2017.7161
    https://doi.org/10.4995/rlyla.2017.7161 [Google Scholar]
  31. Novo Urraca, C., & Pesquera Fernández, L.
    (2015) Alternation vs. Allomorphic Variation in Old English Word-Formation: Evidence from the Derivational Paradigm of Strong Verbs. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia, 49, 63–82. 10.2478/stap‑2014‑0008
    https://doi.org/10.2478/stap-2014-0008 [Google Scholar]
  32. Ojanguren López, A. E.
    (2014) Alternation vs. Variation in Old English. Methodological and descriptive issues. Revista de Lingüística y Lenguas Aplicadas, 9, 55–66. 10.4995/rlyla.2014.2128
    https://doi.org/10.4995/rlyla.2014.2128 [Google Scholar]
  33. Ogura, M.
    (1995) The interchangeability of Old English verbal prefixes. Anglo-Saxon England, 24, 67–93. 10.1017/S026367510000466X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S026367510000466X [Google Scholar]
  34. Pavey, E.
    (2010) The Structure of Language. An Introduction to Grammatical Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511777929
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511777929 [Google Scholar]
  35. Palmgren, C.
    (1904) English Gradation-Nouns in Their Relation to Strong Verbs. Uppsala: University of Uppsala.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Pounder, A.
    (2000) Processes and Paradigms in Word-Formation Morphology. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110814378
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110814378 [Google Scholar]
  37. Schuldt, C.
    (1905) Die Bildung der schwachen Verba im Altenglischen. Kiel: Verlag von Robert Cordes.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Seebold, E.
    (1970) Vergleichendes und etymologisches Wörterbuch der germanischen starken Verben. The Hague: Mouton. 10.1515/9783110821956
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110821956 [Google Scholar]
  39. Stark, D.
    (1982) The Old English weak verbs. A diachronic and synchronic analysis. Tübingen: Niemeyer. 10.1515/9783111357140
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783111357140 [Google Scholar]
  40. Torre Alonso, R.
    (2010) The Morphological Structure of Old English Complex Nouns. ATLANTIS, 33(1), 127–146.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. (2011) Affix Combination in Old English Noun Formation: Distribution and Constraints. RESLA-Revista Española de Linguística Aplicada, 24, 257–279.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. van der Hulst, H.
    (Ed.) (2010) Recursion and Human Language. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110219258
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110219258 [Google Scholar]
  43. Van Valin, R.
    (2005) Exploring the Syntax-Semantics Interface. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511610578
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511610578 [Google Scholar]
  44. Van Valin, R., & LaPolla, R.
    (1997) Syntax: Structure, meaning and function. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139166799
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139166799 [Google Scholar]
  45. Vea Escarza, R.
    (2012) Structural and Functional Aspects of Morphological Recursivity. NOWELE-North-Western European Language Evolution, 64/65, 155–179. 10.1075/nowele.64‑65.09esc
    https://doi.org/10.1075/nowele.64-65.09esc [Google Scholar]
  46. (2013) Old English adjectival affixation. Structure and function. Studia Anglica Posnaniensia, 48(2–3), 2–21.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. (2014) Split and unified functions in the formation of Old English nouns and adjectives. Revista de Lingüísica y Lenguas Aplicadas, 9, 110–116.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. (2016a) Recursivity and inheritance in the formation of Old English nouns and adjectives. Studia Neophilologica, 88(1), 1–23. 10.1080/00393274.2015.1049830
    https://doi.org/10.1080/00393274.2015.1049830 [Google Scholar]
  49. (2016b) Old English affixation. A structural-functional analysis. Nordic Journal of English Studies, 15(1), 101–119. 10.35360/njes.353
    https://doi.org/10.35360/njes.353 [Google Scholar]
  50. Bosworth, J., & Toller, T. N.
    1973 (1898)An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Hall, J. R. C.
    1996 (1896)A concise Anglo-Saxon dictionary. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Sweet, H.
    1987 (1896)The Student’s Dictionary of Anglo-Saxon. London: Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Martín Arista, Javier
    Ed. Laura García Fernández, Miguel Lacalle Palacios, Ana Elvira Ojanguren López and Esaúl Ruiz Narbona. 2016. NerthusV3. Online Lexical Database of Old English. Nerthus Project. Universidad de La Rioja. [www.nerthusproject.com]
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/resla.17058.urr
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/resla.17058.urr
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error