1887
Volume 35, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0213-2028
  • E-ISSN: 2254-6774
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

The current study examines variable clitic placement (CP) in Spanish in a Mexican community in the metropolitan Atlanta area. By employing sociolinguistic interview data from 20 first-generation Mexican speakers, clitic frequencies and constraints are analyzed. Tokens of proclisis and enclisis were coded for linguistic and social factors that potentially influence clitic usage (e.g., topic persistence, specific clitic used, English proficiency, age, gender), and a logistic regression analysis was carried out using (Daniel Johnson, 2009). Results indicate a proclisis rate of 64%, which is comparable to other varieties of Mexican Spanish. The regression analysis revealed that CP is sensitive to the particular construction used, the specific clitic, the presence of a pause, and the speaker’s gender. Additionally, English proficiency showed no effect on CP. This analysis supports previous research that CP is impermeable to contact-induced change and also reveals new conditioning factors (specific clitic, presence of a pause) that have not been examined in previous literature.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/resla.20026.lim
2022-09-13
2022-12-08
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bayley, R., Greer, K., & Holland, C. C.
    (2013) Lexical frequency and syntactic variation: A test of a linguistic hypothesis. University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics, 19(2), 21–30.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bock, K., & Levelt, W. J. M.
    (1994) Language production: Grammatical encoding. InM. A. Gernsbacher (Ed.), Handbook of psycholinguistics (pp.945–984). Elsevier/Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Davies, M.
    (1995) Analyzing syntactic variation with computer-based corpora: The case of modern Spanish clitic climbing. Hispania, 78, 370–380. 10.2307/345438
    https://doi.org/10.2307/345438 [Google Scholar]
  4. Garrett, M. F.
    (1980) Levels of processing in sentence production. InB. Butterworth (Ed.), Language production (Vol.1) (pp.177–220). Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Gudmestad, A.
    (2006) Clitic climbing in Caracas Spanish: A sociolinguistic study of ir and querer. IULC Working Papers Online, 6(3).
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Gutiérrez, M. J.
    (2008) Restringiendo la subida de clíticos: Reflexividad, modalidad verbal y contacto lingüístico en el español de Houston. Hispanic Research Journal, 9(4), 299–313. 10.1179/174582008X325078
    https://doi.org/10.1179/174582008X325078 [Google Scholar]
  7. Johnson, D. E.
    (2009) Getting off the GoldVarb standard: Introducing Rbrul for mixed-effects variable rule analysis. Language and Linguistics Compass, 3(1), 359–383. 10.1111/j.1749‑818X.2008.00108.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-818X.2008.00108.x [Google Scholar]
  8. Labov, W.
    (1972) Language in the inner city. University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Levelt, W. J. M.
    (1989) Speaking: From intention to articulation. MIT Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Limerick, P. P.
    (2018) Variable clitic placement in US Spanish. InJ. E. MacDonald (Ed.), Contemporary trends in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics: Selected papers from the Hispanic Linguistic Symposium 2015 (pp.49–70). John Benjamins. 10.1075/ihll.15.04lim
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ihll.15.04lim [Google Scholar]
  11. (2022) Corpus of Spanish in Georgia. Available athttps://corpusofspanishingeorgia.omeka.net/
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Lope Blanch, J. M.
    (Ed.) (1971) El habla de la ciudad de México: materiales para su estudio. UNAM.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. (Ed.) (1976) El habla popular de México: materiales para su estudio. UNAM.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Martín Butragueño, P., & Lastra, Y.
    (Eds.) (2012) Corpus sociolingüístico de la ciudad de México. Vol.II: Nivel medio. El Colegio de México.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Myhill, J.
    (1988) The grammaticalization of auxiliaries: Spanish clitic climbing. Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, 14, 352–363. 10.3765/bls.v14i0.1792
    https://doi.org/10.3765/bls.v14i0.1792 [Google Scholar]
  16. Otheguy, R., & Zentella, A. C.
    (2012) Spanish in New York: Language contact, dialectal leveling, and structural continuity. Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199737406.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  17. Otheguy, R., Zentella, A. C., & Livert, D.
    (2007) Language and dialect contact in Spanish in New York: Toward the formation of a speech community. Language, 83, 770–802. 10.1353/lan.2008.0019
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2008.0019 [Google Scholar]
  18. Peace, M.
    (2012) ¿Lo puedo subir o puedo subirlo? La subida del clítico en el español del oeste de Massachusetts. Southwest Journal of Linguistics, 31(1), 131–160.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Roever, C., & Powers, D. E.
    (2005) Effects of language of administration on a self-assessment of language skills. Educational Testing Service.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Schwenter, S. A., & Torres Cacoullos, R.
    (2014) Competing constraints on the variable placement of direct object clitics in Mexico City Spanish. Revista Española de Lingüística Aplicada, 27(2), 514–536. 10.1075/resla.27.2.13sch
    https://doi.org/10.1075/resla.27.2.13sch [Google Scholar]
  21. Shin, N. L.
    (2014) Grammatical complexification in Spanish in New York: 3sg pronoun expression and verbal ambiguity. Language Variation and Change, 26, 303–330. 10.1017/S095439451400012X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S095439451400012X [Google Scholar]
  22. Shin, N. L., Requena, P. E., & Kemp, A.
    (2017) Bilingual and monolingual children’s patterns of syntactic variation: Variable clitic placement in Spanish. InA. Auza Benavides & R. G. Schwartz (Eds.), Language Development and Disorders in Spanish-speaking Children (pp.63–88). Springer, Cham. 10.1007/978‑3‑319‑53646‑0_3
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53646-0_3 [Google Scholar]
  23. Shin, N. L., & Van Buren, J.
    (2016) Maintenance of Spanish subject pronoun expression patterns among bilingual children of farmworkers in Washington/Montana. Spanish in Context, 13(2), 173–194. 10.1075/sic.13.2.01shi
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sic.13.2.01shi [Google Scholar]
  24. Silva-Corvalán, C.
    (1994) Language contact and change: Spanish in Los Angeles. Clarendon.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Silva-Corvalán, C., & Gutiérrez, M. J.
    (1995) On transfer and simplification: Verbal clitics in Mexican-American Spanish. InP. Hashemipour, R. Maldonado, & M. van Naerssen (Eds.), Studies in language learning and Spanish linguistics in honor of Tracy D. Terrell (pp.302–312). McGraw-Hill.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Tagliamonte, S. A.
    (2012) Variationist sociolinguistics: Change, observation, interpretation. Wiley-Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Torres Cacoullos, R.
    (1999) Construction frequency and reductive change: Diachronic and register variation in Spanish clitic climbing. Language Variation and Change, 14, 143–170. 10.1017/S095439459911202X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S095439459911202X [Google Scholar]
  28. Torres Cacoullos, R., & Schwenter, S. A.
    (2009, March27–29). Variation in Spanish clitic placement: Constructional and pragmatic effects [Paper presentation]. 39th Linguistic Symposium on Romance Languages (LSRL 39), University of Arizona, USA.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Warren, P.
    (2013) Introducing psycholinguistics. Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/resla.20026.lim
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/resla.20026.lim
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error