1887
Volume 4, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2405-5522
  • E-ISSN: 2405-5530
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Some study abroad (SA) researchers use Facebook as a tool to reach participants or as the site or context of research. In Dressler and Dressler (2016), we examined the linguistic identity positioning of one sojourner in Facebook posts over two sojourns. In this paper, we determine the methodological affordances and challenges of the social media site as both a tool and context of research. We conclude that for the original study, using Facebook enabled us to download large amounts of observational data and study the identity positioning over time. Throughout the data collection, analysis, and writing, we encountered challenges regarding ownership of data, the dynamic nature of Facebook over the two time periods of the study, the use of photographs, and our focus on the textual aspects of posting. From this analysis, we provide recommendations for the use of Facebook in SA research moving forward.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/sar.17017.dre
2019-02-28
2019-09-21
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Akkaya, A.
    (2002) Devotion and friendship through Facebook : An ethnographic approach to language, community, and identity performances of young Turkish-American women. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University.
  2. Back, M.
    (2013) Using Facebook data to analyze learner interaction during study abroad. Foreign Language Annals, 46(3), 377–401. 10.1111/flan.12036
    https://doi.org/10.1111/flan.12036 [Google Scholar]
  3. Baker, S.
    (2013) Conceptualising the use of Facebook in ethnographic research: As tool, as data and as context. Ethnography and Education, 8(2), 131–145. 10.1080/17457823.2013.792504
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17457823.2013.792504 [Google Scholar]
  4. Baltar, F., & Brunet, I.
    (2012) Social research 2.0: Virtual snowball sampling method using Facebook. Internet Research, 22(1), 57–74. 10.1108/10662241211199960
    https://doi.org/10.1108/10662241211199960 [Google Scholar]
  5. Bond, E., & Agnew, S.
    (2016) Towards an innovative inclusion: Using digital methods with young people. InH. Snee, C. Hine, Y. Morey, S. Roberts, & H. Watson (Eds.), Digital methods for social science (pp.190–205). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Brooks, R., & Waters, J.
    (2010) Social networks and educational mobility: The experiences of UK students. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 8(1), 143–157. 10.1080/14767720903574132
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14767720903574132 [Google Scholar]
  7. DeAndrea, D. C., Shaw, A. S., & Levine, T. R.
    (2010) Online language: The role of culture in self-expression and self-construal on Facebook. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 29(4), 425–442. 10.1177/0261927X10377989
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0261927X10377989 [Google Scholar]
  8. Di Capua, I.
    (2012) A literature review of research on Facebook use. The Open Communication Journal, 6(1), 37–42. 10.2174/1874916X01206010037
    https://doi.org/10.2174/1874916X01206010037 [Google Scholar]
  9. Dressler, R., & Dressler, A.
    (2016) Linguistic identity positioning in Facebook posts during second language study abroad: One teen’s language use, experience, and awareness. Canadian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 2, 22–43.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Duggan, M., & Smith, A.
    (2013) Social media update 2013. Retrieved from pewinternet.org/Reports/2013/Social-Media-Update.aspx
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Godwin-Jones, R.
    (2016) Integrating technology into study abroad. Language Learning & Technology, 20(1), 1–20.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Greischel, H., Noack, P., & Neyer, F. J.
    (2016) Sailing uncharted waters: Adolescent personality development and social relationship experiences during a year abroad. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 45(11), 2307–2320. 10.1007/s10964‑016‑0479‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-016-0479-1 [Google Scholar]
  13. Harré, R., & van Langenhove, L.
    (1991) Varieties of positioning. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 21(4), 393–407. 10.1111/j.1468‑5914.1991.tb00203.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-5914.1991.tb00203.x [Google Scholar]
  14. Hetz, P. R., Dawson, C. L., & Cullen, T. A.
    (2016) Social media use and the Fear of Missing Out (FoMO) while studying abroad. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 1523, 259–272.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Hewson, C.
    (2016) Ethical issues in digital methods research. InH. Snee, C. Hine, Y. Morey, S. Roberts, & H. Watson (Eds.), Digital methods for social science (pp.206–221). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kelly-Holmes, H.
    (2015) Analyzing language policies in new media. InF. M. Hult & D. Cassels Johnson (Eds.), Research methods in language policy and planning (pp.130–139). Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Kinginger, C.
    (2013) Social and cultural aspects of language learning in study abroad. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/lllt.37
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lllt.37 [Google Scholar]
  18. Kosinski, M., Bachrach, Y., Kohli, P., Stillwell, D., & Graepel, T.
    (2014) Manifestations of user personality in website choice and behaviour on online social networks. Machine Learning, 95(3), 357–380. 10.1007/s10994‑013‑5415‑y
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s10994-013-5415-y [Google Scholar]
  19. Kosinski, M., Matz, S. C., Gosling, S. D., Popov, V., & Stillwell, D.
    (2015) Facebook as a research tool for the social sciences. American Psychologist, 70(6), 543–556. 10.1037/a0039210
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0039210 [Google Scholar]
  20. Levine, G.
    (2014) From performance to multilingual being in foreign language pedagogy: Lessons from L2 students abroad. Critical Multilingualism Studies, 2(1), 74–105.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Markham, A., & Buchanan, E.
    (2015) Internet research: Ethical concerns. InJ. D. Wright (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of social and behavioural sciences (2nd ed., pp.606–613). Amsterdam: Elsevier. 10.1016/B978‑0‑08‑097086‑8.11027‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.11027-X [Google Scholar]
  22. Mikal, J. P., & Grace, K.
    (2012) Against abstinence-only education abroad. Journal of Studies in International Education, 16(3), 287–306. 10.1177/1028315311423108
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1028315311423108 [Google Scholar]
  23. Mitchell, K.
    (2012) A social tool: Why and how ESOL students use Facebook. CALICO Journal, 29(3), 471–493. 10.11139/cj.29.3.471‑493
    https://doi.org/10.11139/cj.29.3.471-493 [Google Scholar]
  24. Mitchell, R., Tracy-Ventura, N., & McManus, K.
    (Eds.) (2015) Social interaction, identity and language learning during residence abroad. Paris: European Second Language Association Monographs Series.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Norton, B., & Toohey, K.
    (2011) Identity, language learning, and social change. Language Teaching, 44(4), 412–446. 10.1017/S0261444811000309
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444811000309 [Google Scholar]
  26. Park, N., Kee, K. F., & Valenzuela, S.
    (2009) Being immersed in social networking environment. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 12(6), 729–733. 10.1089/cpb.2009.0003
    https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2009.0003 [Google Scholar]
  27. Pavlenko, A.
    (2007) Autobiographic narratives as data in applied linguistics. Applied Linguistics, 28(2), 163–188. 10.1093/applin/amm008
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amm008 [Google Scholar]
  28. Raacke, J., & Bonds-Raacke, J.
    (2008) MySpace and Facebook: Applying the uses and gratifications theory to exploring friend-networking sites. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11(2), 169–174. 10.1089/cpb.2007.0056
    https://doi.org/10.1089/cpb.2007.0056 [Google Scholar]
  29. Rettberg, J. W.
    (2014) Blogging (2nd ed.). Malden, MA: Polity Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Riley, J.
    (2013) Bilinguals’ use of English and Spanish digitalk on Facebook status updates. International Journal of English Linguistics, 3(1). doi:  10.5539/ijel.v3n1p1
    https://doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v3n1p1 [Google Scholar]
  31. Sandel, T. L.
    (2014) “Oh, I’m here!:” Social media’s impact on the cross-cultural adaptation of students studying abroad. Journal of Intercultural Communication Research, 43(1), 1–29. 10.1080/17475759.2013.865662
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17475759.2013.865662 [Google Scholar]
  32. Schwab, A. K., & Greitemeyer, T.
    (2015) The world’s biggest salad bowl: Facebook connecting cultures. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 45(4), 243–252. 10.1111/jasp.12291
    https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12291 [Google Scholar]
  33. Stirling, E.
    (2016) “I’m always on Facebook!:” Exploring Facebook as a mainstream research tool and ethnographic site. InH. Snee, C. Hine, Y. Morey, S. Roberts, & H. Watson (Eds.), Digital methods for social science (pp.51–70). London: Palgrave Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. (2017) Doing social media research. InR. Coe, M. Waring, L. V. Hedges, & J. Arthur (Eds.), Research methods and methodologies in education (pp.207–214). Los Angeles, CA: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Teng, S., Khong, K. W., Chong, A. Y. L., & Lin, B.
    (2017) Persuasive electronic word-of-mouth messages in social media. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 57(1), 76–88. 10.1080/08874417.2016.1181501
    https://doi.org/10.1080/08874417.2016.1181501 [Google Scholar]
  36. Trentman, E.
    (2013) Imagined communities and language learning during study abroad: Arabic learners in Egypt. Foreign Language Annals, 46(4), 545–564. 10.1111/flan.12054
    https://doi.org/10.1111/flan.12054 [Google Scholar]
  37. Venditti, S., Piredda, F., & Mattana, W.
    (2017) Micronarratives as the form of contemporary communication. The Design Journal, 6925, S273–S282. 10.1080/14606925.2017.1352804
    https://doi.org/10.1080/14606925.2017.1352804 [Google Scholar]
  38. Warrell, J., & Jacobsen, M.
    (2014) Internet research ethics and the policy gap for ethical practice in online research settings. Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 44(1), 22–37.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Zhuravleva, A., de Bot, K., & Hilton, N. H.
    (2016) Using social media to measure language use. Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 37(6), 601–614. 10.1080/01434632.2015.1111894
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.2015.1111894 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/sar.17017.dre
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): ethics , Facebook and methodology
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error