1887
Volume 6, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2405-5522
  • E-ISSN: 2405-5530
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between reported amounts of social contact and speech act strategies among 70 learners of Chinese enrolled in a study abroad program in Beijing. The participants completed a computer-delivered spoken discourse completion task (spoken DCT) eliciting three speech acts: requests, refusals, and compliment responses. Speech act strategies were compared between two groups of learners who reported different amounts of social contact (high and low social contact) as assessed via a self-report survey. Results showed that both high and low social contact groups favored using similar strategies to achieve the three speech acts. However, the high social contact group produced speech acts in a more sophisticated way: with a wider variety of request strategies, multiple refusal strategies used in combination and more deflecting strategies in compliment responses, compared with the low social contact group. The findings suggest that social contact helped learners expand their pragmalinguistic repertoire and employ more varied speech act strategies.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/sar.20002.tan
2021-03-12
2021-05-14
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Bardovi-Harlig, K. , & Bastos, M-T.
    (2011) Proficiency, length of stay, and intensity of interaction and acquisition of conventional expressions in L2 pragmatics. Intercultural Pragmatics, 8(3), 347–384. 10.1515/iprg.2011.017
    https://doi.org/10.1515/iprg.2011.017 [Google Scholar]
  2. Barron, A.
    (2019) Pragmatic development in stay abroad. Journal of Pragmatics, 146, 43–53. 10.1016/j.pragma.2019.05.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2019.05.003 [Google Scholar]
  3. Chen, R. , & Yang, D.
    (2010) Responding to compliments in Chinese: Has it changed?Journal of Pragmatics, 42(7), 1951–1963. 10.1016/j.pragma.2009.12.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2009.12.006 [Google Scholar]
  4. DeKeyser, R. M.
    (2015) Skill acquisition theory. In B. VanPatten & J. Williams (Eds.), Theories in second language acquisition: An introduction (pp. 94–112). London, UK: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Devlin, A. M.
    (2018) Becoming me in the L2: Sociopragmatic development as an index of emerging core identity in a Study Abroad context. In A. Sánchez-Hernández & A. Herraiz-Martínez (Eds.), Learning second language pragmatics beyond traditional contexts (pp. 255–285). Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Dewaele, J-M. , & Regan, V.
    (2001) The use of colloquial words in advanced French interlanguage. EUROSLA Yearbook, 1(1), 51–67. 10.1075/eurosla.1.07dew
    https://doi.org/10.1075/eurosla.1.07dew [Google Scholar]
  7. Diao, W.
    (2016) Peer socialization into gendered Mandarin practices in a study abroad context: Talk in the dorm. Applied Linguistics, 37, 599–620. 10.1093/applin/amu053
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amu053 [Google Scholar]
  8. Du, H.
    (2006) The acquisition of the Chinese Ba-construction. Munich: Lincom Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Félix-Brasdefer, J. C. , & Hasler-Barker, M.
    (2015) Complimenting in Spanish in a short-term study abroad context. System48, 1–11. 10.1016/j.system.2014.09.006
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2014.09.006 [Google Scholar]
  10. Fernández, J. , & Gates Tapia, A. M.
    (2016) An appraisal of the Language Contact Profile as a tool to research local engagement in study abroad. Study Abroad Research in Second Language Acquisition and International Education, 1, 248–276. 10.1075/sar.1.2.05fer
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sar.1.2.05fer [Google Scholar]
  11. Freed, B. , Dewey, D. , & Segalowitz, N.
    (2004) The language contact profile. Studies in Second Language Acquisition, 26, 349–356. 10.1017/S027226310426209X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S027226310426209X [Google Scholar]
  12. Gao, X.
    (2017) Development of pragmatic competence: Compliment responses by L2 learners of Chinese. In I. Kecskes & C. Sun (Eds.), Key issues in Chinese as a second language research (pp. 237–266). New York, NY: Routledge. 10.4324/9781315660264‑11
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315660264-11 [Google Scholar]
  13. Gautier, R. & Chevrot, J.-P.
    (2015) Social networks and acquisition of sociolinguistic variation in a study abroad context: A preliminary study. In R. Mitchell , N. Tracy-Ventura , & K. McManus (Eds.), Social interaction, identity and language learning during residence abroad. EUROSLA Monographs 4 (pp. 169–184). Amsterdam: European Second Language Acquisition.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Hassall, T.
    (2015) Individual variation in L2 study-abroad outcomes: A case study from Indonesian pragmatics. Multilingua, 34(1), 33–59. 10.1515/multi‑2013‑0050
    https://doi.org/10.1515/multi-2013-0050 [Google Scholar]
  15. Hong, W.
    (2011) Refusals in Chinese: How do L1 and L2 differ?Foreign Language Annals, 44(1), 122–136. 10.1111/j.1944‑9720.2010.01123.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-9720.2010.01123.x [Google Scholar]
  16. Isabelli-García, C.
    (2006) Social networks, motivation, and attitudes: Implications for SLA. In M. A. DuFon & E. Churchill (Eds.), Language learners in study abroad contexts (pp. 231–258). Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781853598531‑013
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781853598531-013 [Google Scholar]
  17. Isabelli-García, C. , Bown, J. , Plews, J. L. , & Dewey, D. P.
    (2018) Language learning and study abroad. Language Teaching, 51, 439–484. 10.1017/S026144481800023X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S026144481800023X [Google Scholar]
  18. Jin, L.
    (2012) When in China, do as the Chinese do? Learning compliment responding in a study abroad program. Chinese as a Second Language Research, 1(2), 211–240. 10.1515/caslar‑2012‑0013
    https://doi.org/10.1515/caslar-2012-0013 [Google Scholar]
  19. Kelley, C. , & Meyers, J.
    (1995) Cross-cultural adaptability inventory manual. Arlington, VA: Vangent.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Kinginger, C.
    (2008) Language learning in study abroad: Case studies of Americans in France. The Modern Language Journal Monograph Series, 92.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Lee-Wong, S. M.
    (2000) Politeness and face in Chinese culture. Frankfurt: Peter Lang.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Li, S.
    (2014) The effects of different levels of linguistic proficiency on the development of L2 Chinese request production during study abroad. System, 45, 103–116. 10.1016/j.system.2014.05.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2014.05.001 [Google Scholar]
  23. Li, W. , & Jiang, W.
    (2019) Requests made by Australian learners of Chinese as a foreign language. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 10(1), 23–24. 10.17507/jltr.1001.03
    https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.1001.03 [Google Scholar]
  24. Li, S. , Taguchi, N. , & Xiao, F.
    (2019) Variations in rating scale functioning in assessing pragmatic performance in L2 Chinese. Language Assessment Quarterly, 16(3), 271–293. 10.1080/15434303.2019.1648473
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15434303.2019.1648473 [Google Scholar]
  25. Linford, B. , Zahler, S. , & Whatley, M.
    (2018) Acquisition, study abroad and individual differences: A cade of subject pronoun variation in L2 Spanish. Study Abroad Research in Second Language Acquisition and International Education, 3, 243–274. 10.1075/sar.17003.lin
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sar.17003.lin [Google Scholar]
  26. Liu, F.
    (2015) Acquiring topic structures in Mandarin Chinese. Chinese as A Second Language Research, 4(1), 1–25. 10.1515/caslar‑2015‑0001
    https://doi.org/10.1515/caslar-2015-0001 [Google Scholar]
  27. Magliacane, A. , & Howard, M.
    (2019) The role of learner status in the acquisition of pragmatic markers during study abroad: The use of ‘like’ in L2 English. Journal of Pragmatics, 146, 72–86. 10.1016/j.pragma.2019.01.026
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2019.01.026 [Google Scholar]
  28. Matsumura, S.
    (2003) Modeling the relationship among interlanguage pragmatic development, L2 proficiency, and exposure to L2. Applied Linguistics24, 465–491. 10.1093/applin/24.4.465
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/24.4.465 [Google Scholar]
  29. Moyer, A.
    (2005) Formal and informal experiential realms in German as a foreign language: A preliminary investigation. Foreign Language Annals, 38, 377–387. 10.1111/j.1944‑9720.2005.tb02224.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-9720.2005.tb02224.x [Google Scholar]
  30. Pérez-Vidal, C. , & Shively, R.
    (2019) Pragmatic development in study abroad settings. In N. Taguchi (Ed.), Routledge handbook of SLA and pragmatics (pp. 355–371). New York, NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Quan, T.
    (2018) Acquisition of formulaic sequences in a study abroad context. Study Abroad Research in Second Language Acquisition and International Education, 3, 220–242. 10.1075/sar.17009.qua
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sar.17009.qua [Google Scholar]
  32. Ren, W.
    (2019) Pragmatic development of Chinese during study abroad: A cross-sectional study of learner requests. Journal of Pragmatics, 146, 137–149. 10.1016/j.pragma.2019.01.017
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2019.01.017 [Google Scholar]
  33. RunRev, Ltd.
    RunRev, Ltd. (2013) LiveCode [Software Programming]. Retrieved inMay 2013fromhttps://www.Livecode.com
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Salaberry, R. M. , White, K. , & Burch, R. A.
    (2019) Language learning and interactional experiences in study abroad settings. Special issue of Study Abroad Research in Second Language Acquisition and International Education, 4.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Su, Y. , & Ren, W.
    (2017) Developing L2 pragmatic competence in Mandarin Chinese: Sequential realization of requests. Foreign Language Annals, 50(2), 433–457. 10.1111/flan.12263
    https://doi.org/10.1111/flan.12263 [Google Scholar]
  36. Taguchi, N.
    (2008) Cognition, language contact, and the development of pragmatic comprehension in a study-abroad context. Language Learning58, 33–71. 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2007.00434.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2007.00434.x [Google Scholar]
  37. (2018) Contexts and pragmatics learning: Problems and opportunities of the study abroad research. Language Teaching, 51(1), 124–137. doi:  10.1017/S0261444815000440
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0261444815000440 [Google Scholar]
  38. Taguchi, N. , Li, S. , & Xiao, F.
    (2013) Production of formulaic expressions in L2 Chinese: A developmental investigation in a study abroad context. Chinese as a Second Language Research Journal, 2, 23–58. 10.1515/caslar‑2013‑0021
    https://doi.org/10.1515/caslar-2013-0021 [Google Scholar]
  39. Taguchi, N. , Xiao, F. , & Li, S.
    (2016) Effects of intercultural competence and social contact on speech act production in a Chinese study abroad context. The Modern Language Journal, 100, 775–796. 10.1111/modl.12349
    https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12349 [Google Scholar]
  40. Wen, X.
    (2011) A daunting task? The acquisition of the Chinese ba-construction by nonnative speakers of Chinese. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 40(1), 216–240.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. (2014) Pragmatic development: An exploratory study of requests by learners of Chinese. In Z. Han (Ed.), Studies in second language acquisition of Chinese (pp. 30–56). Bristol: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Ying, J. , & Hong, G.
    (2020) A cross-cultural comparative study of requests made in Chinese by South Korean and French learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 11(1), 54–65. 10.17507/jltr.1101.07
    https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.1101.07 [Google Scholar]
  43. Zhang, Y.
    (1995) Strategies in Chinese requesting. In G. Kasper (Ed.), Pragmatics of Chinese as native and target language (pp. 23–68). Honolulu, HI: University of Hawai’i, Second Language Teaching & Curriculum Center.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Zhang, D. , & Yu, Y.
    (2008) Context of learning and requesting in Chinese as a second language: An exploratory study of students learning Chinese in study abroad and at home contexts. Journal of Chinese Language Teachers’ Association, 43(1), 65–86.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/sar.20002.tan
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/sar.20002.tan
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): Chinese; compliment response; refusal; request; social contact; speech act
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error