1887
Volume 17, Issue 1
  • ISSN 1571-0718
  • E-ISSN: 1571-0726
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Abstract

Resumen

El estudio empírico de la sociofonética del español en contacto con otras lenguas ha aumentado en la última década. Siguiendo con esta área de investigación, el presente estudio examina la aspiración de las oclusivas sordas en el español guatemalteco comparando los factores (extra-)lingüísticos que afectan a la variación en las comunidades monolingües y bilingües (español-kaqchikel), mediante el marco teórico de la sociolingüística comparativa (Poplack y Levey 2010). Los resultados demuestran que, en general, el VOT de esta muestra del español guatemalteco es más largo de lo que se ha descubierto para las variedades sin contacto, pero es paralelo al español en contacto con el maya yucateco (Michnowicz y Carpenter 2013). Aunque, mayoritariamente, los factores lingüísticos afectaron a la variación del VOT, el sexo biológico también resultó relevante. Se discutirán tres puntos clave que señalan la posibilidad de contacto lingüístico como causa, pero se necesitan investigaciones futuras para confirmar definitivamente los efectos del contacto.

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