1887
Volume 18, Issue 3
  • ISSN 1571-0718
  • E-ISSN: 1571-0726
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Norton (2000) argues that investment in L2 acquisition is also an investment in learner identity, which changes in the context of time and space – a notion that also has relevance for heritage learners. As such, the purpose of this study is to examine investment in language learning among HL Spanish speakers and the role of identity in their learning experiences. This study comprises of ten participants enrolled in an HL Spanish course who completed a background questionnaire, interviews, and writing prompts. Using narrative analysis, this study examines participants’ reflections on their heritage identity, HL exposure, and their investment, experiences and progress in their HL course. Results show that participants demonstrate varying degrees of investment in the HL, and heritage identity plays a role in this variance.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/sic.19026.ali
2021-10-11
2022-05-27
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Anya, Uju
    2017Speaking blackness in Brazil: Racialized identities in second language learning. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bailey, Benjamin
    2000 Language and Negotiation of Racial/Ethnic Identity among Dominican Americans. Language in Society29: 555–62. 10.1017/S0047404500004036
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500004036 [Google Scholar]
  3. Barnes, Melissa
    2019 “Educational Social Media Tools: Promoting Student Investment and Language Identity in the Midst of Digital Surveillance.” Australian Journal of Applied Linguistics2 (2). 10.29140/ajal.v2n2.159
    https://doi.org/10.29140/ajal.v2n2.159 [Google Scholar]
  4. Blackledge, Adrian, and Angela Creese
    2008 “Contesting ‘language’ as ‘heritage’: Negotiation of identities in late modernity.” Applied Linguistics29: 533–554. 10.1093/applin/amn024
    https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amn024 [Google Scholar]
  5. Block, David
    2007Second language identities. London, UK: Bloomsbury.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 2012 “Class and SLA: Making connections.” Language Teaching Research16 (2): 188–205. 10.1177/1362168811428418
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1362168811428418 [Google Scholar]
  7. Brinton, Donna, Olga Kagan, and Susan Bauckus
    2008Heritage language education. A new field emerging. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Bucholtz, Mary, and Kira Hall
    2005 “Identity and interaction: a sociocultural linguistic approach.” Discourse Studies7 (4/5). 10.1177/1461445605054407
    https://doi.org/10.1177/1461445605054407 [Google Scholar]
  9. Büdenbender, Eva-María
    2010 “Comparing Dominican Linguistic (In)security in the Dominican Republic and in the Diaspora.” InSelected Proceedings of the 12th Hispanic Linguistics Symposium, ed. byClaudia Borgonovo , 148–159. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Proceedings Project.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Butler, Judith
    1990Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. 1993Bodies That Matter: On the Discursive Limits of “Sex.”New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Burns, Katharine
    2018 “Marginalization of Local Varieties in the L2 Classroom: The Case of U.S. Spanish” L2 Journal10 (1): 20–38. 10.5070/L210135863
    https://doi.org/10.5070/L210135863 [Google Scholar]
  13. Coryell, Joellen, and M. Carolyn Clark
    2009 “One Right Way, Intercultural Participation, and Language Learning Anxiety: A Qualitative Analysis of Adult Online Heritage and Nonheritage Language Learners.” Foreign Language Annals44 (1): 40–64. 10.1111/j.1944‑9720.2009.01037.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1944-9720.2009.01037.x [Google Scholar]
  14. Darvin, Ron, and Bonny Norton
    2014 “Social class, identity, and migrant students.” Journal of Language, Identity, and Education13: 111–117. 10.1080/15348458.2014.901823
    https://doi.org/10.1080/15348458.2014.901823 [Google Scholar]
  15. Dávila, Liv
    2019 “‘J’aime to be Funny!’: Humor, Learning, and Identity Construction in High School English as a Second Language Classrooms.” The Modern Language Journal103 (2). 10.1111/modl.12557
    https://doi.org/10.1111/modl.12557 [Google Scholar]
  16. Ehrlich, Susan
    1997 “Gender as social practice: implications for second language acquisition.” Studies in Second Language Acquisition19: 421–446. 10.1017/S0272263197004014
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0272263197004014 [Google Scholar]
  17. Escobar, Ana María, and Kim Potowski
    2015El español de los Estados Unidos. Mass.: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781316091326
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316091326 [Google Scholar]
  18. Fishman, Joshua
    2006 “Acquisition, maintenance and recovery of heritage languages.” InDeveloping minority language resources: The case of Spanish in California, ed. byGuadalupe Valdés, Joshua Fishman, Rebecca Chávez, and William Pérez, 12–22. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781853598999‑004
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781853598999-004 [Google Scholar]
  19. Freed, Alice
    1996 “Language and gender research in an experimental setting.” InRethinking language and gender research: theory and practice, ed. byV. Bergvall, J. Bing, and A. Freed, 54–76. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Freed, Alice, and Alice Greenwood
    1996 “Women, Men, and Type of Talk: What makes the Difference?” Language in Society12: 1–26. 10.1017/S0047404500020418
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500020418 [Google Scholar]
  21. García, Ofelia, Isabel Evangelista, Mabel Martínez, Carmen Disla, and Bonifacio Paulino
    1988 “Spanish Language Use and Attitudes: A Study of Two New York City Communities.” Language in Society17 (4): 475–511. 10.1017/S0047404500013063
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500013063 [Google Scholar]
  22. Goble, Ryan
    2016 “Linguistic insecurity and lack of entitlement to Spanish among third-generation Mexican Americans in narrative accounts.” Heritage Language Journal13 (1). 10.46538/hlj.13.1.2
    https://doi.org/10.46538/hlj.13.1.2 [Google Scholar]
  23. Goodwin, Marjorie
    1990He-said-she-said: Talk as Social Organization among Black Children. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Helmer, Kimberly
    2011 “‘Proper Spanish is a waste of time’: Mexican-origin student resistance to learning Spanish as a heritage language.” InCulturally relevant pedagogy: Clashes and confrontations, ed. byLisa Scherff and Karen Spector, 135–164. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. 2013 “A twice-told tale: Voices of resistance in a Borderlands Spanish Heritage Language Class.” Anthropology & Education Quarterly44 (3): 269–285. 10.1111/aeq.12025
    https://doi.org/10.1111/aeq.12025 [Google Scholar]
  26. Hornberger, Nancy, and Shuhan Wang
    2008 “Who are our heritage language learners? Identity and biliteracy in heritage language education in the United States.” InHeritage language education: A new field emerging, ed. byDona Brinton, Olga Kagan, and Susan Backus, 3–35. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Inda, Jonathan
    2000 “Performativity, Materiality, and the Racial Body.” Latino Studies Journal11 (3): 74–99.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Kang, Agnes
    2004 “Constructing ethnic identity through discourse: self-categorization among Korean American camp counselors.” Pragmatics14 (2/3): 217–233. 10.1075/prag.14.2‑3.07kan
    https://doi.org/10.1075/prag.14.2-3.07kan [Google Scholar]
  29. Kim, Ji-Hye
    2007 Binding interpretations in adult bilingualism: A study of language transfer in L2 learners and heritage speakers of Korean. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign.
  30. Labov, William
    1972Sociolinguistic Patterns. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Lakoff, Robin
    1973 Language and Woman’s Place. Language in Society, 2 (1): 45–80. 10.1017/S0047404500000051
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500000051 [Google Scholar]
  32. Lantolf, James
    2000 (ed.) Sociocultural Theory and Second Language Learning. Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Leeman, Jennifer
    2012 “Investigating language ideologies in Spanish as a heritage language.” InSpanish as a heritage language in the United States: The state of the field, ed. bySara Beaudrie and Marta Fairclough, 43–59. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Lynch, Andrew
    2003 “The relationship between second and heritage language acquisition: Notes on research and theory building.” Heritage Language Journal1: 1–18. 10.46538/hlj.1.1.2
    https://doi.org/10.46538/hlj.1.1.2 [Google Scholar]
  35. Mateus, Suzanne
    2014 “She Was Born Speaking English and Spanish! Bilingual Status in a Kindergarten Two-Way Dual Language Classroom.” Texas Papers in Foreign Language Education16 (1).
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Menard-Warwick, Julia
    2009Gendered identities and immigrant language learning. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781847692153
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781847692153 [Google Scholar]
  37. Montrul, Silvina
    2006 “On the bilingual competence of Spanish heritage speakers: Syntax, lexical-semantics and processing.” International Journal of Bilingualism10: 37–69. 10.1177/13670069060100010301
    https://doi.org/10.1177/13670069060100010301 [Google Scholar]
  38. 2007 “Interpreting mood distinctions in Spanish as a heritage language.” InSpanish in contact: Policy, social and linguistic inquiries, ed. byK. Potowski and R. Cameron, 23–40. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/impact.22.04mon
    https://doi.org/10.1075/impact.22.04mon [Google Scholar]
  39. 2010 “How similar are L2 learners and heritage speakers? Spanish clitics and word order.” Applied Psycholinguistics31: 167–207. 10.1017/S014271640999021X
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S014271640999021X [Google Scholar]
  40. Mukherjee, Dipika
    2006 “Role of women in language maintenance and language shift: focus on the Bengali community in Malaysia.” International Journal of the Sociology of Language 2003 (161): 103–120.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Norton, Bonny
    2000Identity and language learning: Gender, ethnicity, and educational change. Harlow, England: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. 2013 “Identity and Second Language Acquisition.” InThe Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics, ed. byC. A. Chapelle. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Oxford, Rebecca
    1993 “Gender differences in styles and strategies for language learning: What do they mean? Should we pay attention?” InStrategic interaction and language acquisition: Theory, practice, and research, ed. byJames Alatis, 541–557. Washington D.C: Georgetown University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Park, Miyung
    2011 Identity and agency among heritage language learners. InCritical qualitative research in second language studies: Agency and advocacy, ed. byKathryn Davis, 171–207. Charlotte, NC: Information Age.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Pavlenko, Aneta, and Adrian Blackledge
    2004Negotiation of identities in multilingual contexts. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781853596483
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781853596483 [Google Scholar]
  46. Pascual y Cabo, Diego
    2018 “Spanish as a heritage language in the US: Core issues and future directions.” InThe Cambridge handbook of Spanish linguistics, ed. byKimberly Geeslin, 437–366. Mass.: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/9781316779194.023
    https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316779194.023 [Google Scholar]
  47. Polinsky, Maria
    2008 “Heritage language narratives.” InHeritage language education. A new field emerging, ed. byDonna Brinton, Olga Kagan, and Susan Baukus, 149–164. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Polinsky, Maria, and Olga Kagan
    2007 “Heritage languages in the “wild” and in the classroom.” Language and Linguistics Compass1: 368–395. 10.1111/j.1749‑818X.2007.00022.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1749-818X.2007.00022.x [Google Scholar]
  49. Polkinghorne, Donald
    1995 “Narrative configuration in qualitative analysis.” Qualitative Studies in Education8: 5–23. 10.1080/0951839950080103
    https://doi.org/10.1080/0951839950080103 [Google Scholar]
  50. Pomerantz, Anne
    2002 “Language ideologies and the production of identities: Spanish as a resource for participation in a multilingual marketplace.” Multilingua21 (2/3): 275-302.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Potowski, Kim
    2004 “Student Spanish Use and Investment in a Dual Immersion Classroom: Implications for Second Language Acquisition and Heritage Language Maintenance.” The Modern Language Journal88 (1): 75–101. 10.1111/j.0026‑7902.2004.00219.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0026-7902.2004.00219.x [Google Scholar]
  52. 2012 “Identity and heritage learners: Moving beyond essentializations.” InSpanish as a heritage language in the United States: The state of the field, ed. bySara Beaudrie and Marta Fairclough, 179–199. Washington D.C.: Georgetown University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. Potowski, Kim, Jill Jegerski, and Kara Morgan-Short
    2009 “The effects of instruction on linguistic development in Spanish heritage language speakers.” Language Learning59: 537–579. 10.1111/j.1467‑9922.2009.00517.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9922.2009.00517.x [Google Scholar]
  54. Rao, Rajiv, and Rebecca Ronquest
    2015 “The heritage Spanish phonetic/ phonological system: Looking back and moving forward.” Studies in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics8 (2): 403–414. 10.1515/shll‑2015‑0016
    https://doi.org/10.1515/shll-2015-0016 [Google Scholar]
  55. Sánchez-Muñoz, Ana
    2016 “Heritage language healing? Learners’ attitudes and damage control in a heritage language classroom.” InAdvances in Spanish as a heritage language, ed. ByDiego Pascual y Cabo, 205–218. John Benjamins. 10.1075/sibil.49.11san
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.49.11san [Google Scholar]
  56. Schumann, John
    1978 “The acculturation model for second-language acquisition.” InSecond language acquisition and foreign language teaching, ed. ByRosario Gingras, 27–50. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. 1986 “Research on the acculturation model for second language acquisition.” Journal of multilingual and multicultural development7 (5): 379–392. 10.1080/01434632.1986.9994254
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.1986.9994254 [Google Scholar]
  58. Showstack, Rachel
    2012 “Symbolic power in the heritage language classroom: how Spanish heritage speakers sustain and resist hegemonic discourses on language and cultural diversity.” Spanish in Context9 (1): 1–26. 10.1075/sic.9.1.01sho
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sic.9.1.01sho [Google Scholar]
  59. 2018 “Spanish and identity among [email protected] in the U.S.” InThe Routledge Handbook of Spanish as a Heritage/Minority Language, ed. byKim Potowski, 92–106. Routledge. 10.4324/9781315735139‑7
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315735139-7 [Google Scholar]
  60. Torres, Julio, Diego Pascual y Cabo, and John Beusterien
    2017 “What’s Next? Heritage Language Learners Shape New Paths in Spanish Teaching.” Hispania100 (5): 271–278. 10.1353/hpn.2018.0066
    https://doi.org/10.1353/hpn.2018.0066 [Google Scholar]
  61. Toribio, Almeida Jaqueline
    2000a “Nosotros somos dominicanos: Language and Self Definition among Dominicans.’’ InResearch on Spanish in the United States: Linguistic Issues and Challenges, ed. byAna Roca. Somerville, MA: Cascadilla Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. Toribio, Almeida Jacqueline
    2000b “Language variation and the linguistic enactment of identity among Dominicans.” Linguistics38 (5): 1133–1159. 10.1515/ling.2000.023
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.2000.023 [Google Scholar]
  63. United States Census Bureau
    United States Census Bureau 2010The Hispanic Population: 2010. https://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-04.pdfUnited States Census Bureau.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. Urciuoli, Bonnie
    2003 “Boundaries, Language, and the Self: Issues Faced by Puerto Ricans and Other Latina/o College Students.” Journal of Latin American Anthropology8 (2): 152–172. 10.1525/jlca.2003.8.2.152
    https://doi.org/10.1525/jlca.2003.8.2.152 [Google Scholar]
  65. 2008 “Whose Spanish? The Tension between Linguistic Correctness and Cultural Identity.” InBilingualism and Identity: Spanish at the Crossroads with Other Languages, ed. byMercedes Niño-Murcia and Jonathan Rothman, 257–277. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/sibil.37.16urc
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sibil.37.16urc [Google Scholar]
  66. Valdés, Guadalupe
    1997 “The teaching of Spanish to bilingual Spanish-speaking students: Outstanding issues and unanswered questions.” InLa enseñanza del español a hispanohablantes, ed. byCecilia Colombi and Francisco Alarcón, 8–44. Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. 2000 “The teaching of heritage languages: An introduction for Slavic-teaching professionals.” InThe Learning and Teaching of Slavic Languages and Cultures, ed. byOlga Kagan and Benjamin Rifkin, 375–403. Bloomington, IN: Slavica Publishers.
    [Google Scholar]
  68. 2005 “Bilingualism, heritage language learners and SLA research: Opportunities lost or seized?” Modern Language Journal89: 410–426. 10.1111/j.1540‑4781.2005.00314.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4781.2005.00314.x [Google Scholar]
  69. Zentella, Ana Celia
    1987 “Language and female identity in the Puerto Rican community.” InWomen and language in transition, ed. byJoyce Penfield, 167–179. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  70. 2002 “Spanish in New York.” InThe multilingual Apple: languages in New York City, ed. byOfelia García and Joshua Fishman, 167–202. Mouton de Gruyter. 10.1515/9783110885811.167
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110885811.167 [Google Scholar]
  71. Zuengler, Jane, and Elizabeth Miller
    2006 “Cognitive and Sociocultural Perspectives: Two Parallel SLA Worlds?” TESOL Quarterly. 40 (1): 35–58. 10.2307/40264510
    https://doi.org/10.2307/40264510 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/sic.19026.ali
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/sic.19026.ali
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): heritage identity; heritage speakers; investment
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error