1887
Volume 42, Issue 3
  • ISSN 0378-4177
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9978
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Demonstratives, broadly defined as a subclass of deictic expressions used for exophoric reference, do not develop through direct grammaticalization (Diessel 1999: 150). The renewal of demonstratives, and the mechanisms and motivations underlying such processes, have not received as much attention as the related negative cycle. Greenberg’s (1978) observation that demonstratives are often replaced by reinforced forms might shed light on this diachronic process, and this study aims to explore this phenomenon further, as well as its connection with grammaticalization. Reinforcement of demonstratives can lead to the development of new demonstratives, which may catalyze the grammaticalization of old ones through paradigmatic competition (niche competition). The analysis presented here sees reinforcement as a possible driving force behind grammaticalization, and not vice versa, as suggested in Diessel (2006: 474) and van Gelderen (2011: 210), among others.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/sl.17047.vin
2018-10-19
2019-12-06
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Ameka, F.
    1994 Ewe. InC. Goddard and A. Wierzbicka (eds.), Semantic and lexical universals: Theory and empirical findings, 57–86, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/slcs.25.07ame
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.25.07ame [Google Scholar]
  2. Aronoff, M.
    2016 Competition and the lexicon. InA. Elia, C. Iacobini, and M. Voghera (eds.), Livelli di Analisi e fenomeni di interfaccia. Atti del XLVII congresso internazionale della società di linguistica Italiana, 39–52, Roma: Bulzoni.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Boye, K. & P. Harder
    2012 A usage-based theory of grammatical status and grammaticalization. Language88(1).1–44.10.1353/lan.2012.0020
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2012.0020 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bugge, S.
    1871 Etymologisk forklaring af nogle pronominer i nordisk. Tidskrift for Philologi og Pædagogik9. 111–129.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Bybee, J. L.
    2003 Mechanisms of change in grammaticization: The role of frequency. InB. D. Joseph and J. Janda (eds.), The Handbook of Historical Linguistics, 602–623, Oxford: Blackwell.10.1002/9780470756393.ch19
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470756393.ch19 [Google Scholar]
  6. Clark, E. V.
    1987 The principle of contrast: A constraint on language acquisition. InB. MacWhinney (ed.), Mechanisms of Language Acquisition, 1–33, Hillsdale, New Jersey/London: Lawrence Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Clark, H. H., R. Schreuder, & S. Buttrick
    1983 Common ground and the understanding of demonstrative reference. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior22(2).245–258.10.1016/S0022‑5371(83)90189‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5371(83)90189-5 [Google Scholar]
  8. Coventry, K. R., D. Griffiths & C. J. Hamilton
    2014 Spatial demonstratives and perceptual space: Describing and remembering object location. Cognitive Psychology69. 46–70.10.1016/j.cogpsych.2013.12.001
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cogpsych.2013.12.001 [Google Scholar]
  9. Croft, W.
    1991 The evolution of negation. Journal of Linguistics27(1).1–27.10.1017/S0022226700012391
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022226700012391 [Google Scholar]
  10. Dahl, Ö.
    1979 Typology of sentence negation. Linguistics17(1–2).79–106.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. 2003 Definite articles in Scandinavian: Competing grammaticalization processes in standard and non-standard varieties. InB. Kortmann (ed.), Dialectology Meets Typology: Dialect Grammar from a Cross-linguistic Perspective, 147–180. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 2004The growth and maintenance of linguistic complexity. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins10.1075/slcs.71
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.71 [Google Scholar]
  13. 2015Grammaticalization in the North: Noun phrase morphosyntax in Scandinavian vernaculars. Berlin: Language Science Press.10.26530/OAPEN_559871
    https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_559871 [Google Scholar]
  14. Diessel, H.
    1999Demonstratives: Form, Function and Grammaticalization. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/tsl.42
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.42 [Google Scholar]
  15. 2006 Demonstratives, joint attention, and the emergence of grammar. Cognitive Linguistics4(17).463–489.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Dixon, R. M. W.
    2003 Demonstratives: A cross-linguistic typology. Studies in Language27(1).61–112.10.1075/sl.27.1.04dix
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.27.1.04dix [Google Scholar]
  17. Frantz, D. G.
    1997Blackfoot grammar. Toronto: University of Toronto press.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Fritzner, J.
    1896Ordbog over det gamle norske Sprog. Kristiania: Den Norske Forlagsforening.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Greenberg, J. H.
    1978 How does a language acquire gender markers. Universals of human language3. 47–82.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Hansen, E. & L. Heltoft
    2011Grammatik over det Danske Sprog. København: Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Heath, J.
    1999A grammar of Koyra Chiini: the Songhay of Timbuktu. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.10.1515/9783110804850
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110804850 [Google Scholar]
  22. Heggstad, L., F. Hødnebø & E. Simensen
    2004Norrøn ordbok, 4 ed. Oslo: Samlaget.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Heine, B. & T. Kuteva
    2002World Lexicon of Grammaticalization. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511613463
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511613463 [Google Scholar]
  24. Heine, B. & H. Narrog
    2010 Grammaticalization and linguistic analysis. InB. Heine & H. Narrog (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Analysis, 401–423, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Hopper, P. J. & E. C. Traugott
    2003Grammaticalization, 2nd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9781139165525
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139165525 [Google Scholar]
  26. Jespersen, O.
    1917Negation in English and other Languages. København: A. F. Høst & Søn.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Johannessen, J. B., J. Priestley, K. Hagen, T. A. Åfarli & Ø. A. Vangsnes
    2009 The Nordic Dialect Corpus – an advanced research tool. InK. Jokinen & E. Bick (eds.), Proceedings of the 17th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics NODALIDA 2009, 73–80, Tartu: Northern European Association for Language Technology (NEALT).
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Johansson, N. & G. Carling
    2015 The de-iconization and rebuilding of iconicity in spatial deixis: An Indo-European case study. Acta Linguistica Hafniensia47(1).4–32.10.1080/03740463.2015.1006830
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03740463.2015.1006830 [Google Scholar]
  29. Keller, R.
    1994 [1991] On language change: The invisible hand in language. London and New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. König, E.
    2015 Manner deixis as source of grammatical markers in indoeuropean languages. InC. Viti (ed.), Perspectives on historical syntax, 33–60, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Lehmann, C.
    2015Thoughts on Grammaticalization, 3rd ed. Berlin: Language Science Press.10.26530/OAPEN_603353
    https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_603353 [Google Scholar]
  32. Lie, S.
    2008 Veldig sånn festejente. InJ. B. Johannessen & K. Hagen (eds.), Språk i Oslo: Ny forskning omkring talespråk, 78–95, Oslo: Novus.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. 2010 Bakgrunnsdeiksis og demonstrativer. InE. Magnusson Petzell, K. Jóhannesson, I. Larsson, S. -G. Malmgren, L. Rogström & E. Sköldberg (eds.), Bo6ß. Festskrift till Bo Ralph, 168–177, Göteborg: Meijerbergs institut för svensk etymologisk forskning, Göteborgs universitet.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Lundeby, E.
    1965Overbestemt substantiv i norsk og de andre nordiske språk. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Lyons, C.
    1999Definiteness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511605789
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511605789 [Google Scholar]
  36. Maw, J.
    1999Swahili for starters: a practical introductory course. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. Mosegaard Hansen, M. -B.
    2011 Negative cycles and grammaticalization. InH. Narrog & B. Heine (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Grammaticalization, pages570–579, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. Norde, M.
    2009Degrammaticalization. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199207923.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  39. Novelli, B.
    1985A grammar of the Karimojong language. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Odden, D. A.
    1996The phonology and morphology of Kimatuumbi. New York: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Perridon, H.
    1989Reference, definiteness and the noun phrase in Swedish. . Amsterdam: University of Amsterdam PhD thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Proulx, P.
    1988 The demonstrative pronouns of Proto-Algonquian. International journal of American linguistics54(3).309–330.10.1086/466088
    https://doi.org/10.1086/466088 [Google Scholar]
  43. Raidt, E. H.
    1993 Linguistic variants and language change: Deictic variants in some German and Dutch dialects vis-à-vis Afrikaans. InJ. van Marle (ed.), Historical Linguistics 1991. Papers from the 10th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, 281–294, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/cilt.107.19rai
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.107.19rai [Google Scholar]
  44. Reh, M.
    1985Die Krongo-Sprache. Berlin: Dietrich Reimer Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Reinöhl, U. & N. P. Himmelmann
    2017 Renewal: A figure of speech or a process sui generis?Language93(2).381–413.10.1353/lan.2017.0018
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.2017.0018 [Google Scholar]
  46. Rubino, C.
    2013 Reduplication. InM. S. Dryer and M. Haspelmath (eds.), The World Atlas of Language Structures Online, Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Sheng, Y.
    2015 The location morpheme-demonstrative cycle in Wu dialects: On the lexical renewal of the demonstratives from the typological perspective. International Journal of Chinese Linguistics2(1).121–148.10.1075/ijchl.2.1.05yim
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ijchl.2.1.05yim [Google Scholar]
  48. Sohn, H. -M.
    1999The Korean Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. Thompson, H. -R.
    2010Bengali: A comprehensive grammar. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Torp, A.
    1919Nynorsk etymologisk ordbok. Kristiania: H. Aschehoug & Co..
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Trudgill, P.
    2011Sociolinguistic typology: Social determinants of linguistic complexity. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Tyler, A. & V. Evans
    2003The semantics of English prepositions: Spatial scenes, embodied meaning, and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.10.1017/CBO9780511486517
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511486517 [Google Scholar]
  53. van der Auwera, J.
    2009 The Jespersen cycles. InE. van Gelderen (ed.), Cyclical change, 35–71, Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.10.1075/la.146.05auw
    https://doi.org/10.1075/la.146.05auw [Google Scholar]
  54. van Gelderen, E.
    2011The linguistic cycle: Language change and the language faculty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756056.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199756056.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  55. Vikør, L.
    2001The Nordic Languages: Their Status and Interrelations. Oslo: Novus.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Vindenes, U.
    2018Complex Demonstratives and Cyclic Change in Norwegian. , Oslo: University of Oslo PhD thesis.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. von der Gabelentz, G.
    1901Die Sprachwissenschaft. Ihre Aufgaben, Methoden und bisherigen Ergebnisse. Leipzig: Weigel Nachf..
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Willis, D., C. Lucas & A. Breitbarth
    2013 Comparing diachronies of negation. InD. Willis, C. Lucas & A. Breitbarth (eds.), The development of negation in the languages of Europe: Volume I Case studies, 1–50, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/sl.17047.vin
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/sl.17047.vin
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error