Volume 45, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0378-4177
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9978
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In this paper, we investigate empirical data that raise challenging issues with respect to focus sensitivity of the Hungarian additive particle ‘also, too’. In Hungarian, the additive particle is attached to a constituent, and the -phrase cannot occupy the structural focus position. This raises the issue how to capture the focus sensitivity of . We propose a primarily pragmatic, context-based analysis of the Hungarian additive particle, where the particle associates with the pragmatic focus (Lambrecht 1994) determined on basis of the immediate question under discussion (Roberts 2012). Important evidence for this claim is that the Hungarian additive particle can take different semantic associates, corresponding to the pragmatic focus of the sentence. After discussing the Hungarian data, we will present the analysis in the framework of Role and Reference Grammar (Van Valin & LaPolla 1997Van Valin 2005). To capture Hungarian and English data in a uniform way, important extensions of the framework will be proposed.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): additive particles; Hungarian; Role and Reference Grammar
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