Volume 46, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0378-4177
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9978
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Although SAY-complementizers have been extensively documented, the question of the used in this function and their specific properties has received less attention. The paper focuses on the complementizer (an action nominalization of SAY), which is used with communicative reception verbs (‘hear’, ‘read’, etc.), in a dialect of Chuvash (Turkic). The main puzzle concerns the difference between and the more general complementizer (the same-subject converb of SAY) with respect to the controller of shifted first person (namely, , but not , disallows non-subject controllers). An account of this restriction based on three independent language-specific constraints is offered. An alternative account is discussed whereby (and ) are non-finite forms of SAY. The findings highlight the importance of the form of the complementizer as well as of the choice of controller for shifted 1st person in SAY-based complementation and extend the typological parameters of indexical shift.


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