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Abstract

Abstract

We make two claims regarding weather expressions in Basque: first, based on typology, we show that Basque tends towards the argument type (and less frequently so to the predicate-argument type) when coding dynamic (precipitation or other) events and to both the argument and the predicate type when coding static events; Basque often has transitive structures (i.e. both transitive predicate and argument transitive types), apparently a rare typological feature. Second, with respect to two key issues in the study of weather predicates within Generative Grammar, we claim (a) that Basque supports the view that both lexicalizations of weather verbs (unaccusative and unergative/transitive) are possible across languages, as argued by and ; and (b) that the empty subject of Basque transitive weather constructions is closer to a quasi-argument ( ) rather than to a true expletive.

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/content/journals/10.1075/sl.20036.art
2022-01-19
2022-05-23
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  • Article Type: Research Article
Keywords: typology ; syntax ; weather ; Basque ; grammar
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