1887
image of Typology of coding patterns and frequency effects of antipassives

Abstract

Abstract

Frequency asymmetries within a minimal grammatical domain create offline associations that languages tend to exploit for a more efficient encoding. We explore cross-linguistic coding patterns of antipassives. We first argue that antipassive markers tend to have properties of derivational markers. Secondly, we show that antipassives are considerably rarer than the basic transitive constructions. The lower frequency correlates with the length of coding: antipassives tend to be coded with longer forms than basic transitive verbs. Thirdly, we explore frequency associations of different lexical input types and find that it is the rare input types that tend to select the antipassive, if the marking is differential, while the frequent ones correlate with the unmarked verb (A-lability). We, furthermore, show that the rarer argument types and argument scenarios correlate stronger with antipassives than the more frequent argument types and scenarios.

Available under the CC BY-NC 4.0 license.
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/sl.20049.ser
2021-01-06
2021-01-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/10.1075/sl.20049.ser/sl.20049.ser.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1075/sl.20049.ser&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

References

  1. Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y.
    2007 Typological distinctions in word-formation. In Timothy Shopen (ed.), Language typology and syntactic description, vol. III: Grammatical categories and the lexicon, 1–64. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511618437.001
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511618437.001 [Google Scholar]
  2. Aissen, Judith
    1999 Agent Focus and Inverse in Tzotzil. Language75(3). 451–485. 10.2307/417057
    https://doi.org/10.2307/417057 [Google Scholar]
  3. Aiton, Grant
    2016Grammatical relations and information structure in Eibela: A typological perspective. Townsville: James Cook University PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Andersen, T.
    1988 Ergativity in Pari, a Nilotic OVS language. Lingua75. 289–324. 10.1016/0024‑3841(88)90008‑3
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-3841(88)90008-3 [Google Scholar]
  5. Arkadiev, Peter & Alexander Letuchiy
    2008 Derivacii antipassivnoj zony v adygejskom jazyke. In Vladimir A. Plungjan & Sergej G. Tatevosov (eds.), Issledovanija po otglagol’noj derivacii, 77–102. Moscow: Jazyki slavjanskix kul’tur.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 2021 Indirect antipassives in Circassian. In Katarzyna Janic & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich (eds.), Antipassive: Typology, diachrony, and related constructions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Downloaded fromacademia.eduon23 November 2017. 10.1075/tsl.130.15ark
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.130.15ark [Google Scholar]
  7. Austin, Peter K.
    2013A grammar of Diyari, South Australia. 2nd edn, version 2.5. London: SOAS, University of London. (Originally published byCambridge University Press).
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Authier, Gilles & Katharina Haude
    2012 Introduction. In Gilles Authier & Katharina Haude (eds.), Ergativity, valency and voice (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 48), 1–14. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110227734.1
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110227734.1 [Google Scholar]
  9. Beach, Matthew
    2012Studies in Inuktitut grammar. Buffalo, NY: University at Buffalo PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Bickel, Balthasar
    2010 Capturing particulars and universals in clause linkage: A multivariate analysis. In Isabelle Bril (ed.), Clause-hierarchy and clause-linking: the syntax and pragmatics interface, 51–101. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/slcs.121.03bic
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.121.03bic [Google Scholar]
  11. 2011 Multivariate typology and field linguistics: a case study on detransitivization in Kiranti (Sino-Tibetan). In Peter K. Austin , Oliver Bond , David Nathan & Lutz Marten (eds.), Proceedings of Conference on Language Documentation and Linguistic Theory3, 3–13. London: SOAS.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. Bickel, Balthasar , Sabine Stoll , Martin Gaenszle , Novel Kishor Rai , Elena Lieven , Goma Banjade , Toya Nath Bhatta , Netra Prasad Paudyal , Judith Pettigrew , Ichchha Purna Rai , Manoj Rai , Taras Zakharko & Robert Schikowski
    2016Audiovisual corpus of the Chintang language, including a longitudinal corpus of language acquisition by six children, paradigm sets, grammar sketches, ethnographic descriptions, and photographs.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Bittner, Maria
    1987 On the semantics of the Greenlandic antipassive and related constructions. International Journal of American Linguistics53(2). 1–60. 10.1086/466053
    https://doi.org/10.1086/466053 [Google Scholar]
  14. Blight, Robert
    2004Head movement, passive, and antipassive in English. Austin: University of Texas at Austin PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Bohnemeyer, Jürgen
    2007 Morpholexical transparency and the argument structure of verbs of cutting and breaking. Cognitive Linguistics18(2). 153–177. 10.1515/COG.2007.006
    https://doi.org/10.1515/COG.2007.006 [Google Scholar]
  16. Budd, Peter
    2014 Partitives in Oceanic languages. In Silvia Luraghi & Tuomas Huumo (eds.), Partitive cases and related categories (Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 54), 523–562. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Bybee, Joan L.
    2001Phonology and language use. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511612886
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511612886 [Google Scholar]
  18. 2010Language, usage and cognition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511750526
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511750526 [Google Scholar]
  19. Campbell, Lyle
    1985The Pipil language of El Salvador. Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110881998
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110881998 [Google Scholar]
  20. Carrier, Julien
    2017 The ergative-antipassive alternation in Inuktitut: Analyzed in a case of new-dialect formation. Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique. 62(4). 661–684. 10.1017/cnj.2017.33
    https://doi.org/10.1017/cnj.2017.33 [Google Scholar]
  21. Charney, Jean Ormsbee
    1993A grammar of Comanche. (Studies in the Anthropology of North American Indians). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Comrie, Bernard
    1989 Some general properties of Reference-tracking Systems. In Doug Arnold , Martin Atkinson , Jacques Durand , Claire Grover & Louisa Sadler (eds.), Essays on Grammatical Theory and Universal Grammar, 37–51. Oxford: Clarendon.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Comrie, Bernard , Madzhid Khalilov & Zaira Khalilova
    2015 Valency and valency classes in Bezhta. In Andrej Malchukov & Bernard Comrie (eds.), Valency classes in the world’s languages, vol.1. (Comparative Handbooks of Linguistics 1/1), 541–570. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Comrie, Bernard
    2013 Alignment of case marking of full noun phrases. In Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), The world atlas of language structures online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Available atwals.info/chapter/98 (last access8 December 2017).
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Coon, Jessica , Diane Massam , & Lisa Demena Travis
    (eds.) 2017The Oxford handbook of ergativity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198739371.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780198739371.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  26. Cooreman, Ann
    1987Transitivity and discourse continuity in Chamorro narratives. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110851014
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110851014 [Google Scholar]
  27. 1994 A functional typology of antipassives. In Barbara Fox & Paul J. Hopper (eds), Voice: Form and function, 49–82. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.27.05coo
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.27.05coo [Google Scholar]
  28. Croft, William
    2000Explaining language change: An evolutionary approach. London: Longman.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. 2012Verbs: Aspect and causal structure. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248582.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  30. Dahl, Östen
    2000 Egophoricity in discourse and syntax. Functions of Language7. 33–77. 10.1075/fol.7.1.03dah
    https://doi.org/10.1075/fol.7.1.03dah [Google Scholar]
  31. 2008 Animacy and egophoricity: Grammar, ontology and phylogeny. Lingua118, 141–150. 10.1016/j.lingua.2007.02.008
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2007.02.008 [Google Scholar]
  32. de Reuse, Willem
    1994 Noun incorporation. In Ron Asher (ed.). Encyclopaedia of language and linguistics, 2842–2847. Oxford: Pergamon.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Dixon, Robert M. W.
    1972The Dyirbal language of North Queensland. London: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139084987
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139084987 [Google Scholar]
  34. 1980The languages of Australia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. (ed.) 1987Studies in ergativity. Amsterdam: North-Holland. (Reissue of Lingua 71). 10.1016/0024‑3841(87)90065‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-3841(87)90065-9 [Google Scholar]
  36. 1988A grammar of Boumaa Fijian. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. 1994Ergativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511611896
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611896 [Google Scholar]
  38. Dixon, Robert M. W. & Alexandra Y. Aikhenvald
    1997 A typology of argument-determined constructions. In John Haiman , Sandra A. Thompson , Talmy Givón & Joan Bybee (eds.), Essays on language function and language type: Dedicated to T. Givón, 71–113. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/z.82.08dix
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.82.08dix [Google Scholar]
  39. 2000Changing valency: Case studies in transitivity. Cambridge: CUP. 10.1017/CBO9780511627750
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511627750 [Google Scholar]
  40. Donohue, Mark
    1999Warembori. Munich: LINCOM Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. Doornenbal, Marius A.
    2009A grammar of Bantawa: grammar, paradigm tables, glossary and texts of a Rai language of Eastern Nepal. Utrecht: LOT.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. Dryer, Matthew S.
    1997 On the six-way word order typology, Studies in Language21(1). 69–103. 10.1075/sl.21.1.04dry
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.21.1.04dry [Google Scholar]
  43. Du Bois, John
    1987 The discourse basis of ergativity. Language63. 805–852. 10.2307/415719
    https://doi.org/10.2307/415719 [Google Scholar]
  44. Dunn, Michael J.
    1999A Grammar of Chukchi. Canberra: Australian National University PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. England, Nora C.
    1988 Mam Voice. In Masayoshi Shibatani (ed.), Passive and Voice, 525–545. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.16.17eng
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.16.17eng [Google Scholar]
  46. 1983A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan language (Texas Linguistics Series). Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. England, Nora C. & Laura Martin
    2003 Issues in the comparative argument structure analysis in Mayan narratives. In William J. Ashby , Lorraine Edith Kumpf & John W. Du Bois (eds.), Preferred argument structure: Grammar as architecture for function, 131–158. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/sidag.14.08eng
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sidag.14.08eng [Google Scholar]
  48. Estigarribia, Bruno
    2017 A grammar s etch o Paraguayan Guaraní. In Bruno Estigarribia and Justin Pinta (eds.), Guarani linguistics in the 21st century, 7–85. Leiden: Brill. 10.1163/9789004322578_003
    https://doi.org/10.1163/9789004322578_003 [Google Scholar]
  49. Everett, Caleb
    2009 A reconsideration of the motivations for preferred argument structure. Studies in Language33(1). 1–24. 10.1075/sl.33.1.02eve
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.33.1.02eve [Google Scholar]
  50. Fillmore, Charles J.
    1986 Pragmatically controlled zero anaphora. Berkeley Linguistics Series12. 95–107.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Fleck, David W.
    2003A grammar of Matses. Houston: Rice University PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. 2006 Antipassive in Matses. Studies in language30(3). 541–573. 10.1075/sl.30.3.03fle
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.30.3.03fle [Google Scholar]
  53. Foley, William A.
    2007 A typology of information packaging in the clause. In Timothy Shopen (ed.), Language typology and syntactic description. 2nd edn, vol. 1: Clause structure, 362–446. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511619427.007
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511619427.007 [Google Scholar]
  54. Foley, William A. & Robert D. Van Valin
    1984Functional Syntax and Universal Grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. Fox, Barbara A.
    1995 The Category S in English conversation. In Werner Abraham , Talmy Givón & Sandra A. Thompson (eds.), Discourse Grammar and Typology, 153–178. Amsterdam: Benjamins. 10.1075/slcs.27.14fox
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.27.14fox [Google Scholar]
  56. Givón, Talmy
    1991 Isomorphism in the grammatical code: Cognitive and biological considerations. Studies in Language15(1). 85–114. 10.1075/sl.15.1.04giv
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.15.1.04giv [Google Scholar]
  57. 2001Syntax, vol2. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/z.syn2
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.syn2 [Google Scholar]
  58. Greenberg, Joseph H.
    1966Language universals, with special reference to feature hierarchies. The Hague: Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Grinevald-Craig, Colette
    1977The structure of Jacaltec. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. 1979 The antipassive and Jacaltec. In Laura Martin (ed.), Papers in Mayan linguistics1, 139–164. Columbia, Miss.: Lucas Brothers.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. Grossman, Eitan
    , under review. Noun (phrase) incorporation? A preliminary cross-linguistic survey.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. 2018 From suffix to prefix to interposition via Differential Object Marking in Egyptian-Coptic. In Ilja A. Seržant & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich (eds.), Diachrony of differential argument marking, 129–151. Berlin: Language Science Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Guillaume, Antoine
    2008A grammar of Cavineña (Mouton Grammar Library 44). Berlin: De Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110211771
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110211771 [Google Scholar]
  64. Haiman, John
    1983 Iconic and economic motivation. Language59. 781–819. 10.2307/413373
    https://doi.org/10.2307/413373 [Google Scholar]
  65. Haspelmath, Martin
    2015 Transitivity prominence. In Andrej L. Malchukov & Bernard Comrie (eds.), Valency classes in the world’s languages, vol. 1: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (Comparative Handbooks of Linguistics 1/1), 131–147. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. 2020a+ Role-reference associations and the explanation of argument coding splits. Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. 2008a Frequency vs. iconicity in explaining grammatical asymmetries. Cognitive Linguistics19(1). 1–33. 10.1515/COG.2008.001
    https://doi.org/10.1515/COG.2008.001 [Google Scholar]
  68. 2008b Creating economical patterns in language change. In Good, Jeff (ed.), Linguistic universals and language change, 185–214. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0008
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199298495.003.0008 [Google Scholar]
  69. 2008c A frequentist explanation of some universals of reflexive marking. Linguistic Discovery6(1). 40–63. 10.1349/PS1.1537‑0852.A.331
    https://doi.org/10.1349/PS1.1537-0852.A.331 [Google Scholar]
  70. 2011 On S, A, P, T, and R as comparative concepts for alignment typology. Linguistic Typology15. 535–567. 10.1515/LITY.2011.035
    https://doi.org/10.1515/LITY.2011.035 [Google Scholar]
  71. 2020b+ Explaining grammatical coding asymmetries: Form-frequency correspondencies and predictability. Journal of Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  72. Haspelmath, Martin & Iren Hartmann
    2015 Comparing verbal valency across languages. In Andrej L. Malchukov & Bernard Comrie (eds.), Valency classes in the world’s languages, vol. 1: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (Comparative Handbooks of Linguistics 1/1) 41–71. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  73. Haude, Katharina
    2006A grammar of Movima. Zetten: Manta.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. 2018 A topic-marking cleft? Analyzing clause-initial pronouns in Movima. In Evangelia Adamou , Katharina Haude & Martine Vanhove (eds), Information structure in lesser-described languages: Studies in prosody and syntax (Studies in Language Accompanying Series 199), 217–244. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/slcs.199.08hau
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.199.08hau [Google Scholar]
  75. Hawkins, John A.
    2004Efficiency & complexity in grammars. Oxford: Oxford University. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199252695.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  76. 2014Cross-linguistic variation and efficiency. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  77. Heath, Jeffrey
    1976 Antipassivization: A functional typology. In Henry Thompson , Kenneth Whistler (eds.). Proceedings of the Second Annual Meeting of Berkeley Linguistics Society, 202–211. Berkeley: Berkeley Linguistics Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  78. Heaton, Raina
    2017A typology of antipassives, with special reference to Mayan. Honolulu: University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa? PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  79. Hopper, Paul & Sandra A. Thompson
    1980 Transitivity in grammar and discourse. Language56. 251–299. 10.1353/lan.1980.0017
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1980.0017 [Google Scholar]
  80. Jacques, Guillaume
    2012 From denominal derivation to incorporation. Lingua122(11). 1207–1231. 10.1016/j.lingua.2012.05.010
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lingua.2012.05.010 [Google Scholar]
  81. 2021 Antipassive derivations in Sino-Tibetan/Trans-Himalayan and their sources. In Katarzyna Janic & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich (eds.), Antipassive: Typology, diachrony, and related constructions. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.130.13jac
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.130.13jac [Google Scholar]
  82. Jaeger, T. Florian & Harry Tily
    2011 On language “utility”: Processing complexity and communicative efficiency. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science2(3). 323–335.
    [Google Scholar]
  83. Janic, Katarzyna
    2013 The Slavonic languages and the development of the antipassive marker. In Irina Kor-Chahine (ed.), Current studies in Slavic languages, 61–74. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/slcs.146.04jan
    https://doi.org/10.1075/slcs.146.04jan [Google Scholar]
  84. 2016a On the reflexive-antipassive polysemy: Typological convergence from unrelated languages. The Annual Meetings of the Berkeley Linguistics Society36. 158–173. 10.3765/bls.v36i1.3909
    https://doi.org/10.3765/bls.v36i1.3909 [Google Scholar]
  85. 2016bL’antipassif dans les langues accusatives (GRAMM-R. Études de Linguistique Française 29). Brussels: Peter Lang. 10.3726/978‑3‑0352‑6598‑9
    https://doi.org/10.3726/978-3-0352-6598-9 [Google Scholar]
  86. Johns, Alana
    2006 Ergativity and change in Inuktitut. In Alana Johns , Diane Massam & Juvénal Ndayiragije (eds.), Ergativity: Emerging issues, 239–311. Springer. Dordrecht. 10.1007/1‑4020‑4188‑8_12
    https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-4188-8_12 [Google Scholar]
  87. Kazenin, Konstantin I.
    1994 On the lexical distribution of agent-preserving and object-preserving transitivity alternations. Nordic Journal of Linguistics17(2). 141–154. 10.1017/S0332586500002985
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0332586500002985 [Google Scholar]
  88. Keen, Sandra
    1983 Yukulta. In Robert M. W. Dixon & Barry J. Blake (eds.), Handbook of Australian languages3, 191–306. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/z.hal3
    https://doi.org/10.1075/z.hal3 [Google Scholar]
  89. Kiparsky, Paul
    1998 Partitive Case and Aspect. In Miriam Butt & Wilhelm Geuder (eds.), The Projection of arguments. Stanford: CSLI Publications.
    [Google Scholar]
  90. Kozinsky, Isaac , Vladimir Nedjalkov & Maria Polinskaja
    1988 Antipassive in Chukchee. In Masayoshi Shibatani (ed.), Passive and voice, 651–706. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.16.21koz
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.16.21koz [Google Scholar]
  91. Kulikov, Leonid
    2011 Voice typology. In Jae Jung Song (ed.), The Oxford handbook of linguistic typology, 368–398. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  92. Langacker, Ronald W.
    1988 A usage-based model. In Brygida Rudzka-Ostyn (ed.), Topics in cognitive linguistics, 127–163. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/cilt.50.06lan
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.50.06lan [Google Scholar]
  93. Letuchiy, Alexander B.
    2012 Ergativity in the Adyghe system of valency-changing derivations. In Gilles Authier & Katharina Haude (eds.), Ergativity, valency and voice, 323–354. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110227734.323
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110227734.323 [Google Scholar]
  94. Levin, Beth
    1993English verb classes and alternations: A preliminary investigation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  95. Levinson, S. C.
    2000Presumptive meanings: The theory of generalized conversational implicature. Cambridge, MA: MIT. 10.7551/mitpress/5526.001.0001
    https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/5526.001.0001 [Google Scholar]
  96. Malchukov, Andrej L.
    2015 Valency classes and alternations: parameters of variation. In Andrej L. Malchukov & Bernard Comrie (eds.), Valency classes in the world’s languages, vol. 1: Introducing the framework, and case studies from Africa and Eurasia (Comparative Handbooks of Linguistics 1/1), 73–130. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110338812‑007
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110338812-007 [Google Scholar]
  97. Maslova, Elena
    2003A grammar of Kolyma Yukaghir. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110197174
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110197174 [Google Scholar]
  98. Matasović, Ranko
    2010A short grammar of East Circassian (Kabardian). Manuscript. Zagreb.
    [Google Scholar]
  99. Mithun, Marianne
    1984 The evolution of noun incorporation. Language60(4). 847–894. 10.1353/lan.1984.0038
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1984.0038 [Google Scholar]
  100. 1986 On the nature of noun incorporation. Language62(1). 32–37. 10.1353/lan.1986.0096
    https://doi.org/10.1353/lan.1986.0096 [Google Scholar]
  101. Miyaoka, Osahito
    2012A grammar of Central Alaskan Yupik (CAY), vol.2. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110278576
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110278576
  102. Mosel, Ulrike & Even Hovdhaugen
    1992Samoan reference grammar (Instituttet for sammenlignende kulturforskning 85). Oslo: Scandinavian University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  103. Næss, Åshild
    2007Prototypical transitivity. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.72
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.72 [Google Scholar]
  104. Palmer, Frank R.
    1994Grammatical roles and relations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9781139166638
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139166638 [Google Scholar]
  105. Patz, Elisabeth
    2002A grammar of the Kuku Yalanji language of North Queensland (Pacific Linguistics 527). Canberra: Research School of Pacific and Asian Studies, Australian National University.
    [Google Scholar]
  106. Plungian, Vladimir P.
    2000Obščaja morfologija. Moscow: URSS. (General morphology)
    [Google Scholar]
  107. Polian, Gilles
    2013Gramática del tseltal de Oxchuc. México: Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social.
    [Google Scholar]
  108. Polinsky, Maria
    2005 Antipassive constructions. In Martin Haspelmath , Matthew S. Dryer , David Gil & Bernard Comrie (eds.), The world atlas of language structures, 438–441. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  109. 2013 Antipassive constructions. In Matthew S. Dryer & Martin Haspelmath (eds.), The world atlas of language structures online. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. Available atwals.info/chapter/108 (last access8 December 2017.)
    [Google Scholar]
  110. 2017 Antipassive. In Jessica Coon , Diane Massam , & Lisa Travis (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of ergativity, 308–331. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  111. Polinsky, Maria & Vladimir P. Nedjalkov
    1987 Contrasting the absolutive in Chukchee: Syntax, semantics, pragmatics. Lingua71. 239–270. 10.1016/0024‑3841(87)90074‑X
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-3841(87)90074-X [Google Scholar]
  112. Pustet, Regina & David S. Rood
    2008 Argument dereferentialization in Lakota. In Mark Donohue & Søren Wichmann (eds.). The typology of semantic alignment, 334–356. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0013
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199238385.003.0013 [Google Scholar]
  113. Rhodes, Richard & Rand Valentine
    2015 Transitivity in Ojibwe. In Andrej Malchukov & Bernard Comrie (eds.), Valency classes in the world’s languages, vol. 2: Case studies from Austronesia and the Pacific, the Americas, and theoretical outlook (Comparative Handbooks of Linguistics 1/2), 1205–1264. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton.
    [Google Scholar]
  114. Rude, Noel
    1988 Ergative, passive, and antipassive in Nez Perce: A discourse perspective. In Shibatani, Masayoshi (ed.), Passive and voice, 547–560. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.16.18rud
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.16.18rud [Google Scholar]
  115. Sansò, Andrea
    2017 Where do antipassive constructions come from? A study in diachronic typology. Diachronica34(2). 175–218. 10.1075/dia.34.2.02san
    https://doi.org/10.1075/dia.34.2.02san [Google Scholar]
  116. 2018 Explaining the diversity of antipassives: Formal grammar vs. (diachronic) typology. Lang Linguist Compass. 12:e12277. Available at doi:  10.1111/lnc3.12277 (last access8 December 2020).
    https://doi.org/10.1111/lnc3.12277 [Google Scholar]
  117. Say, Sergey
    2005 Antipassive sja-verbs in Russian: between inflection and derivation. In Wolfgang U. Dressler , Dieter Kastovsky , Oskar E. Pfeiffer & Franz Rainer (eds), Morphology and its demarcations (Current Issues in Linguistic Theory 264), 253–275. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/cilt.264.16say
    https://doi.org/10.1075/cilt.264.16say [Google Scholar]
  118. 2008K tipologii antipassivnyx konstrukcij: Semantika, pragmatika, sintaksis [Towards a typology of anti-passive constructions: Semantics, pragmatics, syntax]. St. Petersburg: Institute of Linguistic Studies PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  119. 2021 Antipassive and the lexical meaning of verbs. In Katarzyna Janic & Alena Witzlack-Makarevich (eds.), Antipassive constructions in the languages of the world (Typological Studies in Language). Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.130.06say
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.130.06say [Google Scholar]
  120. Schackow, Diana
    2015A grammar of Yakkha (Studies in Diversity Linguistics 7). Berlin: Language Science Press. 10.26530/OAPEN_603340
    https://doi.org/10.26530/OAPEN_603340 [Google Scholar]
  121. Schikowski, Robert
    2013Object-conditioned differential marking in Chintang and Nepali. Zurich: University of Zurich PhD dissertation.
    [Google Scholar]
  122. Schneider, Cynthia
    2010A grammar of Abma: A language of Pentecost island, Vanuatu. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.
    [Google Scholar]
  123. Schröder, Helga
    2015 Alignment systems and passive-antipassive distribution in Nilotic languages. The University of Nairobi Journal of Language and Linguistics4. 42–81.
    [Google Scholar]
  124. Schulze, Wolfgang
    2011 The Lak language. Nová filologická revue3. 11–36.
    [Google Scholar]
  125. Seržant, Ilja A.
    2014a The independent partitive genitive in Lithuanian. In Axel Holvoet & Nicole Nau (eds.), Grammatical relations and their non-canonical encoding in Baltic (Valency, Argument Realization and Grammatical Relations in Baltic 1), 257–299. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/vargreb.1.07ser
    https://doi.org/10.1075/vargreb.1.07ser [Google Scholar]
  126. 2014b The independent partitive genitive in North Russian. In Ilja A. Seržant & Björn Wiemer (eds.), Contemporary approaches to dialectology: The area of North, Northwest Russian and Belarusian vernaculars (Slavica Bergensia 13), 270–329. Bergen: John Grieg AS.
    [Google Scholar]
  127. 2015 Independent partitive as a Circum-Baltic isogloss. Journal of Language Contact8. 341–418. 10.1163/19552629‑00802006
    https://doi.org/10.1163/19552629-00802006 [Google Scholar]
  128. forthcoming. Typology of partitive expressions.
    [Google Scholar]
  129. Shibatani, Masayoshi
    2006 On the conceptual framework for voice phenomena. Linguistics44(2). 217–269. 10.1515/LING.2006.009
    https://doi.org/10.1515/LING.2006.009 [Google Scholar]
  130. Siewierska, Anna
    1984The passive: A contrastive linguistic analysis. London: Croom Helm.
    [Google Scholar]
  131. Silverstein, Michael
    1972 Chinook Jargon: Language contact and the problem of multi-level generative systems, I. Language48. 378–406. 10.2307/412141
    https://doi.org/10.2307/412141 [Google Scholar]
  132. 1976 Hierarchy of features and ergativity. In Robert M. W. Dixon (ed.), Grammatical categories in Australian languages, 112–171. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies.
    [Google Scholar]
  133. Smith-Stark, Thom
    1978 The Mayan antipassive: Some facts and fictions. Papers in Mayan linguistics2. 169–187.
    [Google Scholar]
  134. Spreng, Bettina
    2001 Little v in Inuktitut: Antipassive revisited. Linguistica Atlantica23, 155–190.
    [Google Scholar]
  135. 2005 Third-person arguments in Inuktitut. In Solveiga Armoskaite & James J. Thompson (eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on the Structure and Constituency of the Languages of the Americas10 (UBC Working Papers in Linguistics 17), 215–225. Vancouver, BC: University of British Columbia.
    [Google Scholar]
  136. Sumbatova, N. R. , Ju. A. Lander & M. X. Mamaev
    2014Darginskij govor selenija Tanty. Grammatičeskij očerk. Voprosy sintaksisa (Pri učastii Magomeda Mameva). Moskva: JSK.
    [Google Scholar]
  137. Sumbatova, Nina & Rasul Mutalov
    2003A grammar of Icari Dargwa. München: LINCOM Europa.
    [Google Scholar]
  138. Tatevosov, Sergei
    2011 Detelicization and argument suppression: Evidence from Godoberi, Linguistics49. 135–174. 10.1515/ling.2011.004
    https://doi.org/10.1515/ling.2011.004 [Google Scholar]
  139. Testelets, Yakov G.
    2001 Russian works on linguistic typology in the 1960–1990s. In Martin Haspelmath , Ekkehard König , Wulf Oesterreicher & Wolfgang Raible (eds.), Language typology and language universals: An international handbook, 306–323. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  140. Tsunoda, Tasaku
    1988 Antipassive in Warrungu and other Australian Languages. In Masayoshi Shibatani (ed.), Passive and voice, 595–649. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/tsl.16.20tsu
    https://doi.org/10.1075/tsl.16.20tsu [Google Scholar]
  141. Van Valin, Robert D.
    1981 Grammatical relations and ergative languages. Studies in Language5(3). 361–394. 10.1075/sl.5.3.05van
    https://doi.org/10.1075/sl.5.3.05van [Google Scholar]
  142. Vigus, M.
    2018 Antipassive constructions: Correlations of form and function across languages. Linguistic Typology22(3). 339–384. 10.1515/lingty‑2018‑0013
    https://doi.org/10.1515/lingty-2018-0013 [Google Scholar]
  143. Watanabe, Honoré
    2003A morphological description of Sliammon, Mainland Comox Salish with a sketch of syntax (Endangered Languages of the Pacific Rim A 040). Osaka: ELPR.
    [Google Scholar]
  144. Wichmann, Søren
    2016 Quantitative tests of implicational verb hierarchies. In Taro Kageyama & Wesley M. Jacobsen (eds.), Transitivity and valency alternations: Studies on Japanese and beyond (Trends in Linguistics 297), 423–444. Berlin: de Gruyter Mouton. 10.1515/9783110477153‑015
    https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110477153-015 [Google Scholar]
  145. Zavala, Roberto
    1997 Functional analysis of Akatek voice constructions. International Journal of American Linguistics63(4). 439–474. 10.1086/466340
    https://doi.org/10.1086/466340 [Google Scholar]
  146. Zipf, George Kingsley
    1949Human behavior and the principle of least effort. An introduction to human ecology. Cambridge MA: Addison-Wesley.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/sl.20049.ser
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/sl.20049.ser
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keywords: P-backgrounding; efficiency; frequency asymmetry; antipassive
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error