Volume 47, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0378-4177
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9978
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The Arabic prepositions and in their prototypical spatial use relate to the Source domain, translating as ‘(away) from’. In many contemporary dialects is absent or limited to secondary, non-spatial meanings. In Traditional Negev Arabic, however, both prepositions are used complementarily. The proto-scene of ablative is a Figure (F) exiting from a 3-dimensional Ground (G)-source, with ‘containment’ and ‘boundary-crossing’ typical components of the scene. The preposition prototypically fulfils a separative function, denoting separation from a Source with no relevance to dimensions, and has developed secondary modal functions. Both also have perlative functions and may appear in static scenes. Only heads prepositional complexes, where it typically restores the nominal origin of the following element as a bounded region. So ‘ behind the house’ may denote ‘in the back zone of the house’; these complexes characterize multiple axes, when F crosses G’s path.


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