Volume 48, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0378-4177
  • E-ISSN: 1569-9978
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Despite a longstanding tradition of studies in Sanskrit compounds, a description that enables comparisons in cross-linguistic perspective has not yet been worked out. The present article follows classificatory criteria introduced by Bisetto & Scalise (2005, 2009) and sketches a typology of compounds in the most archaic variety of Sanskrit, Early Vedic, as transmitted by the . Analyzing compounds on the basis of the grammatical relations holding between their constituents provides a classification into coordinate, subordinate, and attributive compounds, with the endocentric/exocentric divide cutting across all classes. In order to identify the position of Early Vedic compounds on the syntax-morphology continuum, the article investigates the degree of cohesiveness at the level of morphology, prosody, syntax, and semantics. With this respect, the offers a varied picture where relics of archaic, less cohesive forms occur side-to-side with more productive and word-like ones.


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Keyword(s): attributive; cohesiveness; compounds; coordinate; Early Vedic; subordinate; typology
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