1887
Volume 6, Issue 1
  • ISSN 2210-4372
  • E-ISSN: 2210-4380
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

    Mood-empathic and aesthetic responses in poetry reception

    A model-guided, multilevel, multimethod approach

  • Author(s): Arthur M. Jacobs 1, 2, 3 , Jana Lüdtke 3 , Arash Aryani 3 , Burkhard Meyer-Sickendieck 4  and Markus Conrad 5
  • View Affiliations Hide Affiliations
    Affiliations:
    1 Dahlem Institute for Neuroimaging of Emotion (D.I.N.E.), Berlin
    2 Center for Cognitive Neuroscience Berlin (CCNB), Berlin
    3 Department of Education and Psychology, Freie Universität Berlin, Germany
    4 Department of Philosophy & Humanities, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
    5 Department of Cognitive, Social and Organizational Psychology, Universidad de La Laguna, Spain
  • Source: Scientific Study of Literature, Volume 6, Issue 1, Jan 2016, p. 87 - 130
  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.6.1.06jac
    • Version of Record published : 14 Dec 2016

Abstract

In the present study we investigate factors shaping poetry reception at multiple levels of analysis. We use both qualitative and quantitative means for describing structural aspects of poems, scales for assessing subjective dimensions, as well as behavioral and peripheral-physiological measures. Applying such mixed analyses we tested three hypotheses derived from the of literary reading ( Jacobs, 2011 , 2015a , 2015b ): (a) the hypothesis stating that textual features at four relevant levels of textual analysis (supralexical, interlexical, lexical and sublexical) affect empathic/immersive and aesthetic-liking processes of poetry reception at all three levels of measurement (experiential, peripheral-physiological, and behavioral); (b) the hypothesis stating that poems expressing moods of persons, atmospheres, situations, or objects should engage readers to mentally simulate and affectively resonate with the depicted state of affairs (see also Lüdtke et al., 2014 ); and (c) the hypothesis stating that poems with a high amount of foregrounding facilitate aesthetic liking responses. The results are in line with all three hypotheses and raise a number of questions for future research on poetry reception.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ssol.6.1.06jac
2016-12-14
2019-10-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Altmann, U. , Bohrn, I. C. , Lubrich, O. , Menninghaus, W. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2012) The power of emotional valence: From cognitive to affective processes in reading. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6(192). doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00192
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2012.00192 [Google Scholar]
  2. (2014) Fact vs fiction: How paratextual information shapes our reading processes. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9, 22–29. doi: 10.1093/scan/nss098
    https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nss098 [Google Scholar]
  3. Aryani, A. , Jacobs, A. M. , and Conrad, M.
    (2013) Extracting salient sublexical units from written texts: “Emophon,” a corpus-based approach to phonological iconicity. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(654). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00654
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00654 [Google Scholar]
  4. Aryani, A. , Kraxenberger, M. , Ullrich, S. , Jacobs, A. M. , & Conrad, M.
    (2015) Measuring the basic affective tone of poems via phonological saliency and iconicity. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 10(2), 191–204. doi: 10.1037/aca0000033.
    https://doi.org/10.1037/aca0000033 [Google Scholar]
  5. Auracher, J.
    (2007) ... wie auf den allmächtigen Schlag einer magischen Rute – Psychophysiologische Messungen zur Textwirkung. (Psychophysiological measurement of textual effects on readers). Baden-Baden: Deutscher Wissenschaftsverlag
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Berlyne, D. E.
    (1971) Aesthetics and Psychobiology. New York, NY: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Bohrn, I. C. , Altmann, U. , Lubrich, O. , Menninghaus, W. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2012) Old proverbs in new skins – an FMRI study on defamiliarization. Frontiers in Psychology, 3(204). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00204
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00204 [Google Scholar]
  8. Bohrn, I. C. , Altmann, U. , Lubrich, O. , Menninghaus, W., and Jacobs, A. M.
    (2013) When we like what we know – a parametric fMRI analysis of beauty and familiarity. Brain and Language, 124, 1–8. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2012.10.003
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2012.10.003 [Google Scholar]
  9. Bransford, J. D. and Frank, J. J.
    (1976) Toward a framework for understanding learning. In G. H. Bower (Ed.), The psychology of learning and motivation (p.10). New York, NY: Academic Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Braun, K. , & Cupchik, I. G. C.
    (2001) Phenomenological and quantitative analyses of absorption in literary passages. Empirical Studies of the Arts, 19(1), 85–109. doi: 10.2190/W6TJ‑4KKB‑856F‑03VU
    https://doi.org/10.2190/W6TJ-4KKB-856F-03VU [Google Scholar]
  11. Briesemeister, B. B. , Kuchinke, L. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2011a) Discrete emotion norms for nouns- Berlin Affective Word List (DENN-BAWL). Behavior Research Methods, 43, 441–448. doi: 10.3758/s13428‑011‑0059‑y
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-011-0059-y [Google Scholar]
  12. (2011b) Discrete emotion effects on lexical decision response times. PLoS ONE6:e23743). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0023743
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0023743 [Google Scholar]
  13. (2012) Emotional valence–A bipolar continuum or two independent dimensions? SAGE Open, 2, 1–12, doi: 10.1177/2158244012466558

    https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244012466558
 [Google Scholar]
  14. (2014a) Emotion word recognition: Discrete information effects first, continuous later? Brain Research, 1564, 62–71. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2014.03.045
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brainres.2014.03.045 [Google Scholar]
  15. Briesemeister, B. B. , Kuchinke, L. , Jacobs, A. M. , & Braun, M.
    (2014b) Emotions in reading: Dissociation of happiness and positivity. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 15, 287–298. doi: 10.3758/s13415‑014‑0327‑2
    https://doi.org/10.3758/s13415-014-0327-2 [Google Scholar]
  16. Burke, M.
    (2011) Literary reading, cognition and emotion: An exploration of the oceanic mind. New York, NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. (2013) The rhetorical neuroscience of style: On the primacy of style elements during literary discourse processing. Journal of Literary Semantics, 42, 199–215. doi: 10.1515/jls‑2013‑0010
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jls-2013-0010 [Google Scholar]
  18. (2015) The neuroaesthetics of prose fiction: Pitfalls, parameters and prospects. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9(442). doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00442
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00442 [Google Scholar]
  19. Chen, Q. , Zhang, J. , Xu, X. , Scheepers, C. , Yang, Y. , & Tanenhaus, M. K.
    (2016) Prosodic expectations in silent reading: ERP evidence from rhyme scheme and semantic congruence in classic Chinese poems. Cognition, 154, 11–21. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2016.05.007
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2016.05.007 [Google Scholar]
  20. Dixon, P. , Bortolussi, M. , Twilley, L. C. , & Leung, A.
    (1993) Literary processing and interpretation: Towards empirical foundations. Poetics, 22, 5–33. doi: 10.1016/0304‑422x(93)90018‑c
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-422x(93)90018-c [Google Scholar]
  21. Dixon, P. , Bortolussi, M.
    (2016) Measuring Literary Experience: Comment on Jacobs (2015) Scientific Study of Literature, 5(2), 178–182. doi: 10.1075/ssol.5.2.03dix
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.5.2.03dix [Google Scholar]
  22. Epstein, R.
    (2004) Consciousness, art and the brain: Lessons from Marcel Proust. Consciousness and Cognition, 13, 213–240. doi: 10.1016/s1053‑8100(03)00006‑0
    https://doi.org/10.1016/s1053-8100(03)00006-0 [Google Scholar]
  23. Fechner, G. T.
    (1876) Vorschule der Ästhetik. [Preschool of aesthetics]. Hildesheim: Olms.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Forgács, B. , Bohrn, I. C. , Baudewig, J. , Hofmann, M. J. , Pléh, C. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2012) Neural correlates of combinatorial semantic processing of literal and figurative noun-noun compound words. Neuroimage, 63, 1432–1442. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.07.029
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.07.029 [Google Scholar]
  25. Graf, R. , Nagler, M. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2005) Factor analysis of 57 variables in visual word recognition. Z. Psychol, 213, 205–218. doi: 10.1026/0044‑3409.213.4.205
    https://doi.org/10.1026/0044-3409.213.4.205 [Google Scholar]
  26. Hanauer, D.
    (1997) Poetic text processing. Journal of Literature & Science, 26, 157–172.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. (1998a) Reading poetry: An empirical investigation of formalist, stylistic and conventionalist claims. Poetics Today, 19, 565–580. doi: 10.2307/1773260
    https://doi.org/10.2307/1773260 [Google Scholar]
  28. (1998b) The effects of three literary educational methods on the development of genre knowledge. Journal of literary semantic, 27, 43–57.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Hakemulder, F.
    (2013) Travel experiences: A typology of transportation and other absorption states in relation to types of aesthetic responses. In M. Baisch , A. Degen , & J. Lüdtke, J. (Eds.), Wie gebannt: Ästhetische Verfahren der affektiven Bindung von Aufmerksamkeit (As If Spellbound: Affective Attention Fixation in Aesthetic Practice) (pp.163–182). Freiburg: Rombach.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Hartung, F. , Burke, M. , Hagoort, P. , & Willems, R. M.
    (2016) Taking perspective: Personal pronouns affect experiential aspects of literary reading. PLoS ONE, 11(5):e0154732. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154732
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0154732 [Google Scholar]
  31. Hofmann, M. J., and Jacobs, A. M.
    (2014) Interactive activation and competition models and semantic context: from behavioral to brain data. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 46, 85–104. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.06.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.06.011 [Google Scholar]
  32. Hogan, P. C.
    (2003) Cognitive Science, Literature and the Arts. New York, NY: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Holenstein, E.
    (1983) Five Jakobsonian principles of poetics. American Journal of Semiotics, 2, 23–34. doi: 10.5840/ajs19832325
    https://doi.org/10.5840/ajs19832325 [Google Scholar]
  34. Hoover, D. L. , Culpeper, J. , & O’Halloran, K.
    (2014) Digital literary studies: Corpus approaches to poetry, prose, and drama. New York, NY: Routledge.
  35. Hsu, C. -T. , Conrad, M. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2014) Fiction feelings in Harry Potter: Haemodynamic response in the mid-cingulate cortex correlates with immersive reading experience. Neuroreport, 25, 1356–1361. doi: 10.1097/WNR.0000000000000272
    https://doi.org/10.1097/WNR.0000000000000272 [Google Scholar]
  36. Hsu, C. -T. , Jacobs, A. M. , & Conrad, M.
    (2015a) Can Harry Potter still put a spell on us in a second language? An fMRI study on reading emotion-laden literature in late bilinguals. Cortex, 63, 282–295. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2014.09.002
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2014.09.002 [Google Scholar]
  37. Hsu, C. -T. , Jacobs, A. M. , Citron, F. , & Conrad, M.
    (2015b) The emotion potential of words and passages in reading Harry Potter: An fMRI study. Brain and Language, 142, 96–114. doi: 10.1016/j.bandl.2015.01.011
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2015.01.011 [Google Scholar]
  38. Hsu, C. -T. , Jacobs, A. M. , Altmann, U. , & Conrad, M.
    (2015c) The magical activation of left amygdala when reading Harry Potter: An fMRI study on how descriptions of supra-natural events entertain and enchant. PLoS ONE, 10:e0118179. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0118179
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0118179 [Google Scholar]
  39. Jacobs, A. M.
    (2011) “Neurokognitive Poetik: elemente eines modells des literarischen lesens (Neurocognitive poetics: elements of a model of literary reading).” In R. Schrott & A. M. Jacobs (Eds.), Gehirn und Gedicht: Wie Wir Unsere Wirklichkeiten Konstruieren (Brain and Poetry: How We Construct Our Realities) (pp.492–520). München: Carl Hanser Verlag.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. (2014) Affektive und ästhetische Prozesse beim Lesen: Anfänge einer neurokognitiven Poetik (Affective and aesthetic processes in reading: towards a neurocognitive poetics). In G. Gebauer & M. Edler , Sprachen der Emotion (Languages of Emotion) (pp.134–154). Frankfurt, Campus.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. (2015a) Towards a neurocognitive poetics model of literary reading. In R. Willems , Towards a cognitive neuroscience of natural language use (pp.135–159). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781107323667.007
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107323667.007 [Google Scholar]
  42. (2015b) Neurocognitive poetics: methods and models for investigating the neuronal and cognitive-affective bases of literature reception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 9(186). doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2015.00186
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00186 [Google Scholar]
  43. Jacobs, A.
    (2015c) The scientific study of literary experience: Sampling the state of the art. Scientific Study of Literature, 5(2), 139–170. doi: 10.1075/ssol.5.2.01jac
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.5.2.01jac [Google Scholar]
  44. Jacobs, A.M.
    (2016) The scientific study of literary experience and neuro-behavioral responses to literature. Reply to commentaries. Scientific Study of Literature, 6:1 (2016), 173–183. doi: 10.1075/ssol.6.1.ssol.6.1.08jac
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.6.1.ssol.6.1.08jac [Google Scholar]
  45. Jacobs, A. M. , & Lüdtke, J.
    (in press). Immersion into narrative and poetic worlds: A neurocognitive poetics perspective. In M. Kuipers & F. Hakemulder Eds. The Handbook of Narrative Absorption.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Jacobs, A. M. , Lüdtke, J. , & Meyer-Sickendiek, B.
    (2013) “Bausteine einer neurokognitiven Poetik: foregrounding/backgrounding, lyrische Stimmung und ästhetisches Gefallen” (Elements of a neurocognitive poetics: foregrounding/backgrounding, lyrical mood and aesthetic pleasure). In B. Meyer-Sickendiek & F. Reents (Eds.), Stimmung und Methode (Mood and Method) (pp.63–94). Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. Jacobs, A. M. , Võ, M. L. -H. , Briesemeister, B. B. , Conrad, M. , Hofmann, M. J. , Kuchinke L. , Lüdtke, J. , & Braun, M.
    (2015) 10 years of BAWLing into affective and aesthetic processes in reading: What are the echoes? Frontiers in Psychology. 6(714). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00714
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00714 [Google Scholar]
  48. Jakobson, R.
    (1960) Closing statement: linguistics and poetics. In T. A. Sebeok (Ed.), Style in Language (pp.350–377). Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. (1979) Hölderlin, Klee, Brecht: Zur Wortkunst dreier Gedichte. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. Jakobson, R. , & Lévi-Strauss, C.
    (1962) Les Chats de Charles Baudelaire. L’Homme, 2, 5–21. doi: 10.3406/hom.1962.366446
    https://doi.org/10.3406/hom.1962.366446 [Google Scholar]
  51. Jockers, M. L.
    (2013) Macroanalysis: Digital methods and literary history. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
  52. Juhasz, B. J. , Yap, M. J. , Dicke, J. , Taylor, S. C. , & Gullick, M. M.
    (2011) Tangible words are recognized faster: The grounding of meaning in sensory and perceptual systems. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 1683–1691. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2011.605150
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2011.605150 [Google Scholar]
  53. Kennedy, A. , Pynte, J. , & Ducrot. S.
    (2002) Parafoveal-on-foveal interactions in word recognition. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A, 55(4),1307–1337. doi: 10.1080/02724980244000071
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02724980244000071 [Google Scholar]
  54. Keidel, J. L. , Davis, P. M. , Gonzalez-Diaz, V. , Martin, C. D. , & Thierry, G.
    (2013) How Shakespeare tempests the brain: Neuroimaging insights. Cortex, 49(4), 913e919. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.03.011.
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2012.03.011 [Google Scholar]
  55. Killy, W.
    (1972) Elemente der Lyrik [Elements of lyricism]. München, Germany: Beck.
  56. Kintsch, W., & van Dijk, T. A.
    (1978) Toward a model of text comprehension and production. Psychological Review, 85, 363–394. doi:#x202f;10.1037/0033‑295x.85.5.363
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295x.85.5.363 [Google Scholar]
  57. Klein, W.
    (2005) Wie ist eine exakte Wissenschaft von der Literatur möglich? Zeitschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Linguistik, 137, 80–100.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Kuchinke, L. , Trapp, S. , Jacobs, A. M. , & Leder, H.
    (2009) Pupillary responses in art appreciation: Effects of aesthetic emotions. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts3, 156–163. doi: 10.1037/a0014464
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0014464 [Google Scholar]
  59. Kuijpers, M. M. , Hakemulder, F. , Tan, E. S. & Doicaru, M. M.
    (2014) Exploring absorbing reading experiences: Developing and validating a self-report scale to measure story world absorption. Scientific Study of Literature, 4(1), 89–122. doi: 10.1075/ssol.4.1.05kui
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.4.1.05kui [Google Scholar]
  60. Kuiken, D.
    (2008) A theory of expressive reading. In S. Zyngier , M. Bortolussi , A. Chesnokova , & J. Auracher (Eds.), Directions in Empirical Literary Studies (pp.49–73). Amsterdam, Netherlands: John Benjamins. doi: 10.1075/lal.5.06kui
    https://doi.org/10.1075/lal.5.06kui [Google Scholar]
  61. (2015) The implicit erasure of “literary experience” in empirical studies of literature: Comment on “The Scientific Study of Literary Experience: Sampling the State of the Art” by Arthur Jacobs. Scientific Study of Literature, 5(2), 171–177. doi: 10.1075/ssol.5.2.02kui
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.5.2.02kui [Google Scholar]
  62. Kuiken, D. , & Miall, D. S.
    (2001) Numerically aided phenomenology: Procedures for investigating categories of experience. Forum Qualitative Forschung Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 2(1). Retrieved fromwww.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/976
    [Google Scholar]
  63. Kuiken, D. , Campbell, P. , & Sopcák, P.
    (2012) The experiencing questionnaire: Locating exceptional reading moments. Scientific Study of Literature, 2, 243–272. doi: 10.1075/ssol.2.2.04kui
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.2.2.04kui [Google Scholar]
  64. Kuzmicová, A.
    (2014) Literary narrative and mental imagery: A view from embodied cognition. Style, 48, 275 – 293.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. (2015) Does it matter where you read? Situating narrative in physical environment. Communication Theory, 26(3), 290–308. doi: 10.1111/comt.12084
    https://doi.org/10.1111/comt.12084 [Google Scholar]
  66. Lamping, D.
    (1989) Das lyrische Gedicht: Definitionen zu Theorie und Geschichte der Gattung [The lyrical poem: Definitions about theory and history of genres]. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. Larsen, S. E , & Seilman, U.
    (1988) Personal remindings while reading literature. Text, 8, 411–429.
    [Google Scholar]
  68. Leder, H. , Belke, B. , Oeberst, A. , & Augustin, D.
    (2004) A model of aesthetic appreciation and aesthetic judgments. British Journal of Psychology, 95, 489–508. doi: 10.1348/0007126042369811
    https://doi.org/10.1348/0007126042369811 [Google Scholar]
  69. Leder, H. , Gerger, G. , Dressler, S. G. , Schabmann, A.
    (2012) How art is appreciated. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 6, 2–10. doi: 10.1037/a0026396
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0026396 [Google Scholar]
  70. Leder, H. , & Nadal, M.
    (2014) Ten years of a model of aesthetic appreciation and aesthetic judgments: The aesthetic episode – developments and challenges in empirical aesthetics. British Journal of Psychology, 105, 443–64. doi: 10.1111/bjop.12084.
    https://doi.org/10.1111/bjop.12084 [Google Scholar]
  71. Lehne, M. , Engel, P. , Rohrmeier, M. , Menninghaus, W. , Jacobs, A. M. , & Koelsch, S.
    (2015) Reading a suspenseful literary text activates brain areas related to social cognition and predictive inference. PLoS ONE, 10:e0124550. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0124550
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124550 [Google Scholar]
  72. Liu, S. , Erkkinen, M. G. , Healey, M. L. , Xu, Y. , Swett, K. E. , Chow, H. -M. , & Braun, A. R.
    (2015) Brain activity and connectivity during poetry composition: Toward a multidimensional model of the creative process. Human Brain Mapping, 36, 3351–3372 doi: 10.1002/hbm.22849
    https://doi.org/10.1002/hbm.22849 [Google Scholar]
  73. Lüdtke, J.
    (2013) Eine Frage der Empirie: Zum emotionalen Erleben bei der Rezeption von Stimmungsgedichten (An empirical question: On emotional experience in poetry reception). In B. Meyer-Sickendiek & F. Reents (Eds.), Stimmung und Methode (Mood and Method) (pp.119–138). Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. Lüdtke, J. , Meyer-Sickendiek, B. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2014) Immersing in the stillness of an early morning: Testing the mood empathy hypothesis in poems. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 8, 363–377. doi: 10.1037/a0036826
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0036826 [Google Scholar]
  75. Lüdtke, J. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2015) The emotion potential of simple sentences: Additive or interactive effects of nouns and adjectives? Frontiers in Psychology, 6(1137). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01137
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01137 [Google Scholar]
  76. Mangan, B.
    (1993) Taking phenomenology seriously: The “fringe” and its implications for cognitive research. Consciousness and Cognition, 2, 89–108. doi: 10.1006/ccog.1993.1008
    https://doi.org/10.1006/ccog.1993.1008 [Google Scholar]
  77. (2008) Representation, rightness and the fringe. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 15, 75–82.
    [Google Scholar]
  78. Mangen, A. , & Kuiken, D.
    (2014) Lost in an iPad: Narrative engagement on paper and tablet. Scientific Study of Literature, 4(2), 150–177. doi: 10.1075/ssol.4.2.02.man
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.4.2.02.man [Google Scholar]
  79. Mar, R. M. , Oatley, K. , Djikic, M. , & Mullin, J.
    (2011) Emotion and narrative fiction: Interactive influences before, during, and after reading. Cognition & Emotion, 25, 818–833. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2010.515151
    https://doi.org/10.1080/02699931.2010.515151 [Google Scholar]
  80. Martindale, C.
    (1978) The evolution of English poetry. Poetics, 7, 231–248. doi: 10.1016/0304‑422x(78)90039‑6
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-422x(78)90039-6 [Google Scholar]
  81. (1988) Cognition, psychobiology, and aesthetics. In F. H. Farley & R. W. Neperud (Eds.), The Foundation of Aesthetics, Art and Art Education (pp.7–42). New York, NY: Praeger.
    [Google Scholar]
  82. McQuarrie, E. F. , & Mick, D. G.
    (1996) Figures of rhetoric in advertising language. Journal of Consumer Research, 19, 424–438. doi: 10.1086/209459
    https://doi.org/10.1086/209459 [Google Scholar]
  83. McQuire, M. , McCollum, L. , & Chatterjee, A.
    (2016) Aptness and beauty in metaphor. Language and Cognition. doi: 10.1017/langcog.2016.13
    https://doi.org/10.1017/langcog.2016.13 [Google Scholar]
  84. Meade, A. W. , & Craig, S. B.
    (2012) Identifying careless responses in survey data. Psychological Methods, 17, 437–455. doi: 10.1037/a0028085
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0028085 [Google Scholar]
  85. Menninghaus, W. , Bohrn, I. C. , Altmann, U. , Lubrich, O. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2014) Sounds funny? Humor effects of phonological and prosodic figures of speech. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 8, 71–76. doi: 10.1037/a0035309
    https://doi.org/10.1037/a0035309 [Google Scholar]
  86. Menninghaus, W. , Bohrn, I. C. , Knoop, C. , Kotz, S. A. , Schlotz, W. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2015) Rhetorical features facilitate prosodic processing while handicapping ease of semantic comprehension. Cognition, 143, 48–60. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2015.05.026
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2015.05.026 [Google Scholar]
  87. Meyer-Sickendiek, B.
    (2011) Lyrisches Gespür: Vom Geheimen Sensorium Moderner Poesie [The lyrical sense of feeling. About the secret sensorium of modern poetry]. Paderborn: Fink.
    [Google Scholar]
  88. Nell, V.
    (1988) Lost in a book: The psychology of reading for pleasure. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  89. Nijhof, A. D. , & Willems, R. M.
    (2015) Simulating fiction: individual differences in literature comprehension revealed with fMRI. PLoS One, 10:e0116492. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0116492
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0116492 [Google Scholar]
  90. Oatley, K.
    (1999) Why fiction may be twice as true as fact: Fiction as cognitive and emotional simulation. Review of General Psychology, 3, 101–117. doi: 10.1037/1089‑2680.3.2.101
    https://doi.org/10.1037/1089-2680.3.2.101 [Google Scholar]
  91. O’Sullivan, N. , Davis, P. , Billington, J. , Gonzalez-Diaz, V. , & Corcoran, R.
    (2015) “Shall I compare thee”: The neural basis of literary awareness, and its benefits to cognition, Cortex, 73, 144–157. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2015.08.014
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cortex.2015.08.014 [Google Scholar]
  92. Panksepp, J.
    (1998) Affective neuroscience: The foundations of human and animal emotions. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  93. (2008) The power of the word may reside in the power of affect. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 42, 47–55. doi: 10.1007/s12124‑007‑9036‑5
    https://doi.org/10.1007/s12124-007-9036-5 [Google Scholar]
  94. Pexman, P. M. , Hargreaves, I. S. , Siakaluk, P. D. , Bodner, G. E. , & Pope, J.
    (2008) There are many ways to be rich: Effects of three measures of semantic richness on visual word recognition. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15, 161–167. doi: 10.3758/PBR.15.1.161
    https://doi.org/10.3758/PBR.15.1.161 [Google Scholar]
  95. Reber, R. , Schwartz, N. , & Winkielman, P.
    (2004) Processing fluency and aesthetic pleasure: Is beauty in the perceiver’s processing experience?Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8, 364–382. doi: 10.1207/s15327957pspr0804_3
    https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327957pspr0804_3 [Google Scholar]
  96. Riese, K , Bayer, M. , Lauer, G. , & Schacht, A.
    (2014) In the eye of the recipient. Pupillary responses to suspense in literary classics. Scientific Study of Literature4(2), 211–232. doi: 10.1075/ssol.4.2.05rie
    https://doi.org/10.1075/ssol.4.2.05rie [Google Scholar]
  97. Rumelhart, D. E.
    (1977) Understanding and summarizing brief stories. In D. LaBerge & S. J. Samuels (Eds.), Basic processes in reading: Perception and comprehension (pp.265–303). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
    [Google Scholar]
  98. Schrott, R. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2011) Gehirn und Gedicht: Wie wir unsere Wirklichkeiten konstruieren (Brain and Poetry: How We Construct Our Realities). München: Hanser.
    [Google Scholar]
  99. Scheepers, C. , Mohr, S. , Fischer, M. H. , & Roberts, A. M.
    (2013) Listening to limericks: A pupillometry investigation of perceivers’ expectancy. PLoS One, 8:e74986. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074986
    https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0074986 [Google Scholar]
  100. Siakaluk, P. D. , Pexman, P. M. , Sears, C. R. , Wilson, K. , Locheed, K. , & Owen, W. J.
    (2008) The benefits of sensorimotor knowledge: body-object interaction facilitates semantic processing. Cognitive Science, 32, 591–605. doi: 10.1080/03640210802035399
    https://doi.org/10.1080/03640210802035399 [Google Scholar]
  101. Shimron, J.
    (1980) Psychological processes behind the comprehension of a poetic text. Instructional Science, 9, 43–66. doi: 10.1007/BF00118968
    https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00118968 [Google Scholar]
  102. Simonton, D. K.
    (1990) Lexical choices and aesthetic success: A computer content analysis of 154 Shakespeare sonnets. Computers and the Humanities, 24, 254–261.
    [Google Scholar]
  103. Sopcák, P.
    (2007) “Creation from nothing”: A foregrounding study of James Joyce’s drafts for Ulysses. Language and Literature, 16, 183–196. doi: 10.1177/0963947007075984
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0963947007075984 [Google Scholar]
  104. Sopčák, P. , Salgaro, M. , & Herrmann, J. B.
    (in press). Transdisciplinary approaches to literature and empathy. Scientific Study of Literature.
    [Google Scholar]
  105. Sopory, P.
    (2005) Metaphor and affect. Poetics Today, 26, 433–458. doi: 10.1215/03335372‑26‑3‑433
    https://doi.org/10.1215/03335372-26-3-433 [Google Scholar]
  106. Steyer, R. , Schwenkmezger, P. , Notz, P. , & Eid, M.
    (1997) Der mehrdimensionale Befindlichkeitsfragebogen (MDBF). Handanweisung[The Multidimensional Affect Rating Scale (MDBF). Manual]. Göttingen, Hogrefe.
    [Google Scholar]
  107. Sylvester, T. , Braun, M. , Schmidtke, D. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2016) The Berlin Affective Word List for Children (kidBAWL): Exploring processing of affective lexical semantics in the visual and auditory modalities. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(969). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00969
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00969 [Google Scholar]
  108. Tellenbach, H.
    (1968) Geschmack und Atmosphäre, Medien menschlichen Elementarkontaktes (Taste and atmosphere, media of elementary human contact). Salzburg.
  109. Ullrich, S. , Aryani, A. , Kraxenberger, M. , Jacobs, A. M. , & Conrad, M.
    (2016) Where are emotions in a poem? Sub-lexical iconicity, lexical surface features and dynamic inter-lexical shifts. Frontiers in Psychology. in revision.
    [Google Scholar]
  110. Van Dijk, T. A.
    (1979) Advice on theoretical poetics. Poetics, 8, 569–608. doi: 10.1016/0304‑422x(79)90034‑2
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-422x(79)90034-2 [Google Scholar]
  111. Van Peer, W. , Hakemulder, J. , & Zyngier, S.
    (2007) Lines on feeling: foregrounding, aesthetics and meaning. Language and Literature, 16, 197–213. doi: 10.1177/0963947007075985
    https://doi.org/10.1177/0963947007075985 [Google Scholar]
  112. Võ, M. L. H. , Jacobs, A. M. , & Conrad, M.
    (2006) Cross-validating the Berlin affective word list. Behavior Research Methods, 38, 606–609. doi: 10.3758/B.F.03193892
    https://doi.org/10.3758/B.F.03193892 [Google Scholar]
  113. Võ, M. L. H. , Conrad, M. , Kuchinke, L. , Hartfeld, K. , Hofmann, M. J. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2009) The Berlin Affective Word List reloaded (BAWL-R). Behavior Research Methods, 41, 534–539. doi: 10.3758/BRM.41.2.534
    https://doi.org/10.3758/BRM.41.2.534 [Google Scholar]
  114. Wallentin, M. , Nielsen, A. H. , Vuust, P. , Dohn, A. , Roepstorff, A. , & Lund, T. E.
    (2011) Amygdala and heart rate variability responses from listening to emotionally intense parts of a story. Neuroimage, 58, 963–973. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.06.077
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.06.077 [Google Scholar]
  115. Westbury, C. F. , Shaoul, C. , Hollis, G. , Smithson, L. , Briesemeister, B. B. , Hofmann, M. J. , Jacobs, A. M.
    (2013) Now you see it, now you don’t: On emotion, context, and the algorithmic prediction of human imageability judgments. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(991). doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00991
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00991 [Google Scholar]
  116. Westbury, C. , Keith, J. , Briesemeister, B. B. , Hofmann, M. J. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2014) Avoid violence, rioting and outrage; Approach celebration, delight, and strength: Using large text corpora to compute valence, arousal, and the basic emotions. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 11, 1599–1622. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2014.970204
    https://doi.org/10.1080/17470218.2014.970204 [Google Scholar]
  117. Whissell, C.
    (1996) Traditional and emotional stylometric analysis of the songs of Beatles Paul McCartney and John Lennon. Computers in Human Behavior, 30, 257–265. doi: 10.1007/bf00055109
    https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00055109 [Google Scholar]
  118. Willems, R. , & Jacobs, A. M.
    (2016) Caring about Dostoyevsky: The untapped potential of studying literature. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 20, 243–245. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2015.12.009
    https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2015.12.009 [Google Scholar]
  119. Yap, M. J. , Pexman, P. M. , Wellsby, M. , Hargreaves, I. S. , & Huff, M.
    (2012) An abundance of riches: Cross-task comparisons of semantic richness effects in visual word recognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6(72). doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00072
    https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2012.00072 [Google Scholar]
  120. Yaron, I.
    (2002) Processing of obscure poetic texts: Mechanism of selection. Journal of Literary Semantics, 31(2), 133–170.
 doi: 10.1515/jlse.2002.013
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jlse.2002.013 [Google Scholar]
  121. (2008) What is a “difficult” poem? Towards a definition. Journal of Literary Semantics, 37(2), 129–150. doi: 10.1515/jlse.2008.008
    https://doi.org/10.1515/jlse.2008.008 [Google Scholar]
  122. Yekovich, F. R. , & Walker, C. H.
    (1986) Retrieval of scripted concepts. Journal of Memory and Language, 25, 627–644. doi: 10.1016/0749‑596X(86)90016‑1
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596X(86)90016-1 [Google Scholar]
  123. Zeman, A. , Milton, F. , Smith, A. , & Rylance, R.
    (2013) By heart: An fMRI study of brain activation by poetry and prose. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 20, 132–158.
    [Google Scholar]
  124. Zwaan, R. A. , & Radvansky, G. A.
    (1998) Situation models in language comprehension and memory. Psychological Bulletin, 123(2), 162e185. doi: 10.1037/0033‑2909.123.2.162.
    https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.123.2.162 [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ssol.6.1.06jac
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ssol.6.1.06jac
Loading

Data & Media loading...

This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error