1887
Volume 5, Issue 2
  • ISSN 2352-1805
  • E-ISSN: 2352-1813
USD
Buy:$35.00 + Taxes

Abstract

Abstract

Non-linguists are usually able to discriminate accurately between different language patterns (Niedzielski and Preston 2003Preston 2010) although long-standing scholarly tradition has often, if not always, contradicted their views of language (Boas 1917; Bloomfield, in Hall 1950). Moreover, in diasporic settings, speakers’ constant need of renegotiating the problem of ethnicity is often resolved in their willingness to shed their regional, linguistic and ethnic identities to the detriment of their more general pan-Indian one (Jayaram 2004). In an Indian diasporic community situated in Heidelberg, Germany, perceived subtle differences in L2 phonological characteristics may index local and situated ethnic identities. In order to ascertain whether dialectal variation has salience for the community, this paper presents findings on how translanguaging might be a valuable linguistic resource in the expression of speakers’ ethnic identities. A qualitative analysis of questionnaires, interviews and informal conversations has delineated a new ‘diaspora consciousness’ (Vertovec 1997) in light of the transient aspect of the community in question.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1075/ttmc.00030.reg
2019-04-24
2019-12-10
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Alam, Farhana, and Jane Stuart-Smith
    2014 “Identity, Ethnicity and Fine Phonetic Detail: An Acoustic Phonetic Analysis of Syllable-initial /t/ in Glaswegian Girls of Pakistani Heritage.” InEnglish in the Indian Diaspora, ed. byMarianne Hundt, and Devyani Sharma, 29–53. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Ashcroft, Bill
    2011 “Translation and Transformation.” InTraduttrici: Female Voices Across Languages, ed. byOriana Palusci, 25–46. Trento: Tangram Edizioni Scientifiche.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bakhtin, Mikhail
    1981Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays. Austin: University of Texas Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Bhatt, Rakesh M.
    2017 “World English and Language Ideologies.” InThe Oxford Handbook of World Englishes, ed. byMarkku Filppula, Juhani Klemola, and Devyani Sharma, 291–311. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Blommaert, Jan, and Dong Jie
    2010Ethnographic Fieldwork: A Beginner’s Guide. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781847692962
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781847692962 [Google Scholar]
  6. Boas, Franz
    1917 “Introductory.” International Journal of American Linguistics1: 1–18. 10.1086/463708
    https://doi.org/10.1086/463708 [Google Scholar]
  7. CIEFL
    CIEFL 1972The Sound System of Indian English Monograph 7. Hyderabad: CIEFL.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Consulate General of India
    Consulate General of India. AccessedJanuary 23, 2019. www.cgimunich.com/pages.php?id=12618
  9. Duranti, Alessandro
    1997Linguistic Anthropology. Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511810190
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511810190 [Google Scholar]
  10. Duranti, Alessandro, and Charles Goodwin
    1992 “Rethinking Context: An Introduction.” InRethinking Context: Language as an Interactive Phenomenon, ed. byAlessandro Duranti, and Charles Goodwin, 1–42. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Erickson, Frederick
    1987 “Transformation and School Success: The Politics and Culture of Educational Achievement.” Anthropology and Education Quarterly18: 335–356. 10.1525/aeq.1987.18.4.04x0023w
    https://doi.org/10.1525/aeq.1987.18.4.04x0023w [Google Scholar]
  12. Foucault, Michel
    1991Discipline and Punish: The Birth of a Prison. London: Penguin.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Friesen, Wardlow, and Robin A. Kearns
    2008 “Indian Diaspora in New Zealand: History, Identity and Cultural Landscapes.” InTracing an Indian Diaspora. Contexts, Memories, Representations, ed. byParvati Raghuram, Ajaya Kumar Sahoo, Brij Maharaj, and Dave Sangha, 210–236. New Delhi: Sage. 10.4135/9788132100393.n12
    https://doi.org/10.4135/9788132100393.n12 [Google Scholar]
  14. Fuchs, Robert
    2016Speech Rhythm in Varieties of English. Singapore: Springer. 10.1007/978‑3‑662‑47818‑9
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-47818-9 [Google Scholar]
  15. García, Ofelia
    2009aBilingual Education in the 21t century: A Global Perspective. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. 2009b “Education, Multilingualism and Translanguaging in the 21st Century.” InSocial Justice through Multilingual Education, ed. byTove Skutnabb-Kangas, Robert Phillipson, Ajit K. Mohanty, and Minati Panda, 140–158. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781847691910‑011
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781847691910-011 [Google Scholar]
  17. García, Ofelia, and Li Wei
    2014Translanguaging: Language, Bilingualism and Education. London: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9781137385765
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137385765 [Google Scholar]
  18. Gargesh, Ravinder
    2004 “Indian English: Phonology.” InA Handbook of Varieties of English, ed. byEdgar W. Schneider, Kate Burridge, Bernd Kortmann, Rajend Mesthrie, and Clive Upton, 992–1002. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Gargesh, Ravinder, and Pingali Sailaja
    2017 “South Asia.” InThe Oxford Handbook of World Englishes, ed. byMarkku Filppula, Juhani Klemola, and Devyani Sharma, 425–447. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. German Federal Statistical Office
  21. Gottschlich, Pierre
    2013 “From Germany to India: The Role of NRI and PIO in Economic and Social Development Assistance.” InDiaspora Engagement and Development in South Asia, ed. byTai Tai Yong, and Md Mizanur Rahman, 20–40. Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9781137334459_2
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9781137334459_2 [Google Scholar]
  22. Gumperz, John J.
    1968 “The Speech Community.” International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences9: 381–386.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 1971Language in Social Groups. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Hall, Robert A. Jr.
    1950 “Obituary of Leonard Bloomfield.” Lingua2: 117–123. 10.1016/0024‑3841(49)90019‑4
    https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-3841(49)90019-4 [Google Scholar]
  25. Heller, Monica
    ed. 2007Bilingualism: A Social Approach. Basingstroke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230596047
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230596047 [Google Scholar]
  26. Hesse-Biber, Sharlene N., and Patricia Leavy
    2006The Practice of Qualitative Research. London: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Hymes, Dell
    1974Foundations in Sociolinguistics: An Ethnographic Approach. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Jayaram, Narajana
    2004The Indian Diaspora. Dynamics of Migration. New Delhi: Sage.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Kachru, Braj B.
    1982The Other Tongue: English Across Cultures. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. 1983The Indianization of English. The English Language in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. 1986The Alchemy of English: The Spread, Functions, and Models of Non-native Englishes. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Khubchandani, Lachman M.
    2001 “Language Demography and Language Education.” InLanguage Education in Multilingual India, ed. byC. J. Daswani, 3–47. New Delhi, India: UNESCO.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. Kroskrity, Paul
    2004 “Language Ideologies.” InA Companion to Linguistic Anthropology, ed. byAlessandro Duranti, 496–517. Oxford: Blackwell.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Labov, William
    1972Sociolinguistic Patterns. Pennsylvania: University of Pennsylvania Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. Mayring, Philipp
    2014Qualitative Inhaltsanalyse: Grundlagen, Techniken, Software. Weinham: Fünte Auflage. 10.1007/978‑3‑531‑18939‑0_38
    https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-531-18939-0_38 [Google Scholar]
  36. Mesthrie, Rajend, and Rakesh M. Bhatt
    2008World Englishes. The Study of New Linguistic Varieties. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511791321
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511791321 [Google Scholar]
  37. Milroy, Leslie, and James Milroy
    1992 “Social Networks and Social Class: Toward an Integrated Sociolinguistic Model.” Language in Society21:1–26. 10.1017/S0047404500015013
    https://doi.org/10.1017/S0047404500015013 [Google Scholar]
  38. Milroy, Leslie, and Matthew Gordon
    2003Sociolinguistics: Method and Interpretation. Oxford: Blackwell. 10.1002/9780470758359
    https://doi.org/10.1002/9780470758359 [Google Scholar]
  39. Mohanty, Ajit K.
    2006 “Multilingualism of the Unequals and Predicaments of Education in India: Mother Tongue or Other Tongue?” InImagining Multilingual Schools: Language in Education and Glocalization, ed. byOfelia García, Tove Skutnabb-Kangas, and María E. Torres-Guzmán, 262–283. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. 10.21832/9781853598968‑014
    https://doi.org/10.21832/9781853598968-014 [Google Scholar]
  40. 2013 “Multilingual Education in India: Overcoming the Language Barrier and the Burden of the Double Divide.” InMultilingualism and Language Diversity in Urban Areas: Acquisition, Identities, Space, Education, ed. byIngrid Gogolin, Peter Siemund, Monika E. Schulz, and Julia Davydova, 305–326. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. 10.1075/hsld.1.16moh
    https://doi.org/10.1075/hsld.1.16moh [Google Scholar]
  41. Mortensen, Janus, and Anne Fabricius
    2014 “Language Ideologies in Danish Higher Education: Exploring Student Perspectives.” InEnglish in Nordic Universities: Ideologies and Practices, ed. byAnna K. Hultgren, Frans Gregersen, and Jacob Thøgersen, 193–223. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. National University of Educational Planning and Administration
    National University of Educational Planning and Administration. AccessedJanuary 23, 2019. www.nuepa.org
  43. Niedzielski, Nancy A., and Dennis R. Preston
    2003Folk Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Otheguy, Ricardo, Ofelia García, and Wallis Reid
    2015Metrolingualism: Language in the City. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. Preston, Dennis R.
    2010 “Language, People, Salience, Space. Perceptual Dialectology and Language Regard.” Dialectologia5: 87–131.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. Regnoli, Giuliana
    2016 Indexicality and Contextualisation. Linguistic, Cultural and Social Stances of Indian English Speakers in Heidelberg. MA diss.University of Naples ‘L’Orientale’.
  47. 2017 “Complexity in/of Language: An Example of Linguistic Awareness in an Indian English Diasporic Community.” Paper presented at theXXVIII AIA Conference, Pisa, 14–16 September 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. Richards, Keith
    2003Qualitative Inquiry in TESOL. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan. 10.1057/9780230505056
    https://doi.org/10.1057/9780230505056 [Google Scholar]
  49. Roberts, Anthony D.
    2011The Role of Metalinguistic Awareness in the Effective Teaching of Foreign Languages. Bern: Peter Lang. 10.3726/978‑3‑0353‑0165‑6
    https://doi.org/10.3726/978-3-0353-0165-6 [Google Scholar]
  50. Sailaja, Pingali
    2009Indian English. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. Satyanath, Shobha
    2015 “Language Variation and Change: the Indian Experience.” InGlobalising Sociolinguistics: Challenging and Expanding Theory, ed. byDick Smakman, and Patrick Heinrich, 107–122. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. Schneider, Edgar
    2007Postcolonial Englishes. Varieties Around the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 10.1017/CBO9780511618901
    https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511618901 [Google Scholar]
  53. Sharma, Devyani
    2005 “Dialect Stabilization and Speaker Awareness in Non-Native Varieties of English.” Journal of Sociolinguistics9: 194–224. 10.1111/j.1360‑6441.2005.00290.x
    https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-6441.2005.00290.x [Google Scholar]
  54. 2014 “Translational Flows, Language Variation, and Ideology.” InEnglish in the Indian Diaspora, ed. byMarianne Hundt, and Devyani Sharma, 215–242. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. 2017 “World Englishes and Sociolinguistic Theory.” InOxford Handbook of World Englishes, ed. byMarkku Filppula, Juhani Klemola, and Devyani Sharma, 232–251. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. Silverstein, Michael
    1979 “Language Structure and Linguistic Ideology.” InThe Elements: a Parasession on Linguistic Units and Levels, ed. byPaul Cline, William Hanks, and Carol L. Hofbauer, 193–247. Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. Trudgill, Peter, and Jean Hannah
    1985International English. London: Edward rnold.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. Vertovec, Steven
    1997 “Three Meanings of ‘Diaspora’, Exemplified among South Asian Religions.” Diaspora: A Journal of Transnational Studies6(3): 277–299. AccessedJanuary 23, 2019. https://muse.jhu.edu/article/444244/pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  59. Vogel, Sara, and Ofelia García
    2017 “Translanguaging.” InOxford Research Encyclopedia of Education, 1–21. AccessedJanuary 23, 2019. oxfordre.com/education/view/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264093.001.0001/acrefore-9780190264093-e-181?print=pdf doi:  10.1093/acrefore/9780190264093.013.181
    https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190264093.013.181 [Google Scholar]
  60. Wiltshire, Caroline
    2005 “The ‘Indian English’ of Tibeto-Burman Language Speakers.” English World-Wide26 (3): 291–303. 10.1075/eww.26.3.03wil
    https://doi.org/10.1075/eww.26.3.03wil [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.1075/ttmc.00030.reg
Loading
/content/journals/10.1075/ttmc.00030.reg
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Research Article
Keyword(s): diaspora , ethnicity , folk scrutiny , Indian Englishes and translanguaging
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error