Volume 61, Issue 1
  • ISSN 0169-7420
  • E-ISSN: 2213-4883
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The language learning strategies of adult second-language learners get more important as education concentrates more on individualisation and flexibility. In a multiple case study, it was examined which learning strategies were utilised by some lower educated, second-language learners who were working on their own in a class room, with a system called 'Indiflex' It was concluded that observing is a useful method to make learning strategies operational. Starting learners of Dutch as a second language already turned out to use a broad range of social, cognitive and metacognitive strategies. As learners make more progress in the language, the number of negative strategies (skipping difficult tasks for example) and social strategies (like asking for help) seems to decrease in favour of cognitive and metacognitive strategies like looking something up in a dictionary and deducing a word's meaning from its context.


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  • Article Type: Research Article
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