1887
Volume 30, Issue 2
  • ISSN 0155-0640
  • E-ISSN: 1833-7139

Abstract

Language learning is frequently justified as a vehicle for promoting intercultural communication and understanding, and language-in-education policies have increasingly come to reflect this preoccupation in their rhetoric. This paper will examine the ways in which concepts relating to interculturality are constructed in Japanese language policy documents. It will explore in particular the ways in which ideologies of nationalism and Japanese identity have an impact on understandings of the nature and purpose of interculturality and how these are developed discursively in Japanese language-in-education policy documents. Language policies construct a discourse of interculturality which focuses on the development of a nationalistic adherence to a particular conceptualisation of Japanese identity, which is unique, homogenous, and monolithic. These themes will be discussed in the contexts of Japanese policy documents relating to foreign language teaching and Japanese language spread.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.2104/aral0720
2007-01-01
2019-12-15
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

References

  1. Befu, H.
    1993 ‘Nationalism and nihonjinron’. InCultural nationalism in East Asia: Representation and identity, edited by Befu, H. Berkeley, CA: Institute of East Asian Studies.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 2001Hegemony of homogeneity: An anthropological analysis of Nihonjinron. Melbourne: Trans Pacific Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Bhabha, H.
    1992 ‘Post-colonial authority and post-modern guilt’. InCultural studies, edited by Grossberg, L. ; Nelson, P. ; Treichler, P. . London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. Byram, M.
    1989Cultural studies in foreign language education. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Considine, M.
    1994Public policy. A critical approach. Melbourne: Macmillan.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Crozet, C. ; Liddicoat, A. J. ; Lo Bianco, J.
    1999 ‘Intercultural competence: From language policy to language education’. InStriving for the third place: Intercultural competence through language education, edited by Crozet, C. ; Liddicoat, A. J. ; Lo Bianco, J. Canberra: Language Australia.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Dale, P.
    1986The myth of Japanese uniqueness. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Eastman, C. M.
    1983Language planning: An introduction. San Francisco: Chandler and Sharp.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Ehara, T.
    1992 ‘The internationalization of education’. InThe internationalization of Japan, edited by Hook, G. ; Weiner, M. . London & New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. Gjerde, P ; Onishi, M.
    2000 ‘Selves, cultures, and nations: The psychological imagination of “the Japanese” in the era of globalization’. Human Development43: 216–226. doi: 10.1159/000022679
    https://doi.org/10.1159/000022679 [Google Scholar]
  11. Hashimoto, K.
    2000 ‘“Internationalization” is “Japanisation”: Japan's foreign language education and national identity’. Journal of Intercultural Studies21 (1): 39–51. doi: 10.1080/07256860050000786
    https://doi.org/10.1080/07256860050000786 [Google Scholar]
  12. Johnson, C.
    1983 ‘The internationalization of the Japanese economy’. InThe challenge of Japan’s internationalization: Organization and culture, edited by Mannari, H. ; Befu, H. New York and Hyogo: Kodansha International Ltd and Kwansei Gakuin University. doi: 10.2307/41165014
    https://doi.org/10.2307/41165014 [Google Scholar]
  13. Kaplan, R. B. , and Baldauf , R. B.
    1997Language planning: From practice to theory. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. Kosaku, Y.
    1992Cultural nationalism in contemporary Japan: A sociological enquiry. New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Kramsch, C.
    1993Context and culture in language education. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Kramsch, C ; Holden, T.
    1994 ‘Redefining literacy in a foreign language’. Die Unterrichtspraxis27 (1), 28–35. doi: 10.2307/3531473
    https://doi.org/10.2307/3531473 [Google Scholar]
  17. Kubota, R.
    2002 ‘The impact of globalization on language teaching in Japan’. InGlobalization and language teaching, edited by Block, D. ; Cameron, D. London: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Liddicoat, A.
    2004 ‘The conceptualisation of the cultural component of language teaching in Australian language-in-education policy’. Journal of multilingual and multicultural development25 (4): 297–317. doi: 10.1080/01434630408666534
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01434630408666534 [Google Scholar]
  19. 2005 ‘Culture for language learning in Australian language-in-education policy’. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics28 (2): 1–28.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Liddicoat, A. ; Crozet, C. ; Lo Bianco, J.
    1999 ‘Striving for the third place: Consequences and implications’. InStriving for the third place intercultural competence through language education, edited by Lo Bianco, J. ; Liddicoat, A. ; Crozet, C. Canberra: Language Australia.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Maher, J. ; Yashiro, K.
    1995 ‘Multilingual Japan: An introduction’. InMultilingual Japan, edited by Maher, J. ; Yashiro, K. Clevedon, UK: Multilingual Matters. doi: 10.1080/01434632.1995.9994590
    https://doi.org/10.1080/01434632.1995.9994590 [Google Scholar]
  22. Masden, K.
    1997 ‘The impact of Ministry of Education policy on pluralism in Japanese education: An examination of recent issues’. InEmerging pluralism in Asia and the Pacific, edited by Wu, D. ; McQueen, H. ; Yamanoto, Y. Hong Kong: Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, The Chinese University of Hong Kong.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. MEXT
    MEXT 2004a REX: ‘Regional and educational exchanges for mutual understanding’ [Japanese]. Accessed9 September 2005. Available from: www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/shotou/rex/main.htm.
  24. MEXT
    MEXT 2004b REX: ‘Kinds of activities done under the REX Program’ [Japanese]. Accessed9 September 2005. Available from: www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/shotou/rex/main.htm.
  25. MEXT
    MEXT 2004c ‘Pre-departure intensive training program’ [Japanese]. Accessed9 September 2005. Available from: www.mext.go.jp/a_menu/shotou/rex/005.htm.
  26. Miller, R.
    1982Japan’s modern myth: The language and beyond. New York and Tokyo: Weatherhill.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. Monbusho
    Monbusho 2002a ‘The course of study for lower secondary school: Foreign languages’. Japan: MEXT. Accessed12 August 2004. Available from: www.mext.go.jp/english/shotou/030301.htm.
  28. Monbusho
    Monbusho 2002b ‘The course of study for lower secondary school: Foreign languages’ [Japanese]. Japan: MEXT. Accessed12 August 2004.
  29. Monbusho
    Monbusho 2002c ‘Developing a strategic plan to cultivate ‘Japanese With English Abilities’ to improve English and Japanese abilities’ [Japanese]. Japan: MEXT. Accessed12 August 2004. Available from: www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/shingi/chousa/shotou/020/sesaku/020702.ht.
  30. Morita, T.
    1988Education reform and studies of Japanese people and culture [Japanese]. Tokyo: Shin Nihon Shuppansha.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Mouer, R. ; Sugimoto, Y.
    1986Images of Japanese society: A study on the structure of social reality. London and New York: Kegan Paul International.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Murphy-Shigematsu, S.
    1993 ‘Multiethnic Japan and the monoethnic myth’. MELUS18 (4): 63–80. doi: 10.2307/468120
    https://doi.org/10.2307/468120 [Google Scholar]
  33. 2002 ‘Multiethnic Japan’. Social Science Journal Japan15 (54): 45–45i.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. Nagata, Y.
    1995 ‘The “culture” of Japanese language teaching in Australia’. Japanese Studies15 (2): 1–15. doi: 10.1080/10371399508521835
    https://doi.org/10.1080/10371399508521835 [Google Scholar]
  35. Nakamura, K.
    2002 ‘Cultivating global literacy through English as an international language (EIL) education in Japan: A new paradigm for global education’. International Education Journal3: 64–74.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. Ogoura, K.
    2004 ‘The importance of Japanese-language education around the world – helping Japan exert an even greater influence in the global community’ [Japanese]. Accessed9 September 2005. Available from: www.jpf.go.jp/j/japan_j/news/0412/12-01.html.
  37. Schiffman, H.
    1996Linguistic culture and language policy. London: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9780203273487
    https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203273487 [Google Scholar]
  38. Steele, R. ; Suozo, A.
    1994Teaching French culture: theory and practice. Lincolnwood, IL: National Textbook.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. Suzuki, T.
    1995Can Japanese become an international language? [Japanese]. Tokyo: Kodansha.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. Toyama, A.
    2002 ‘Regarding the establishment of an action plan to cultivate “Japanese with English abilities”’ [Japanese]. Accessed12 August 2004. Available from: www.mext.go.jp/b_menu/houdou/15/03/030318a.htm.
  41. Toyota, T.
    1988a ‘Japanese studies for Japanese language teaching’ [Japanese]. Japanese Language Teaching63: 16–29.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. 1988b ‘Japanese way of life in Japanese language education’ [Japanese]. Japanese Language Education63: 16–29.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. Yoshino, K.
    1992Cultural nationalism in contemporary Japan: A sociological enquiry. London and New York: Routledge.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. Zarate, G.
    1986Enseigner une culture étrangère. Paris: Hachette.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. 1993Représentations de l’étranger et didactique des langues. Paris: Didier.
    [Google Scholar]
http://instance.metastore.ingenta.com/content/journals/10.2104/aral0720
Loading
  • Article Type: Research Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was successful
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error